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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (48)
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1

Stranger

Someone whom you do not know and who is therefore unfamiliar to you

2

Acquaintances

Someone you know but only casually

3

Friends

Someone you know well, someone you like, and someone with whom you feel a close personal bond

4

Romantic Partners

.

5

Family

Kinship relationships that are characterized by large cultural variations

6

U-Curve

The initial intercultural contacts are characterized by a positive, almost euphoric, emotional response

7

W-Curve

The persons responses to her or his own culture upon return

8

Assimilation

Occurs when it is deemed relatively unimportant to maintain ones original cultural identity but it is important to establish and maintain relationships with other culture

9

Re-entry Shock

Occurs when the individual returns home and must readapt to the once taken-for-granted practices that can no longer be followed without question

10

Integration

When an individual or group retains its original cultural identity while seeking to maintain harmonious relationships with other cultures

11

Separation

If a culture does not want positive relationships with another culture and if it also wishes to retain its cultural characteristics

12

Segregation

If the separation occurs because the more politically and economically powerful culture does not want the intercultural contact, this is the result of forced separation

13

Seclusion

When a non dominant group chooses not to participate in the larger society in order to retain its own way of life

14

Marginalization

When individuals or groups neither retain their cultural heritage nor maintain positive contact with other cultural groups

15

Accent

Distinguishable marks of pronunciation

16

Proxemics

The study of how people differ in their use of personal space

17

Chronemics

The study of time- how people use it, structure it, interpret it, and understand its passage

18

Kinesics

The study of body movements, often inaccurately called body language

19

Vocalists

Non-speech sounds, such as belching, laughing, crying, and vocal filler sounds like uh, er, um, and uh-huh

20

Monochronic Time

Things should be done one at a time, and time is segmented into precise, small units.
Time is viewed as a commodity; it is scheduled managed, arranged.

21

Polychronic Time

Several things are being done at the same time

22

Informal Time Systems

The assumption cultures make about how time should be used or experienced

23

Formal Time Systems

The ways in which the members of a culture describe and comprehend units of time

24

Technical Time Systems

Precise, scientific measurements of time that are calculated in such units as nanoseconds

25

Past-oriented Cultures

Regard previous experiences and events as most important

26

Present-oriented Cultures

Regard current experiences as most important

27

Future-oriented Cultures

Believe that tomorrow- or some other moment in the future- is most important

28

Affiliation

What members of a culture use to interpret the degree of friendliness, liking, social warmth, or immediacy that is being communicated

29

Activation

The ways people react to the world around them

30

Face

Erving Goffman
The favorable social impression that a person wants others to have of him or her