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Flashcards in Exam 3- cognition Deck (51)
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Constructional apraxia

The ability to put parts together to make a whole (in the correct way)


Dressing apraxia

~Are you able to dress properly
~Putting underwear on the outside, etc


Non equilibrium tests

Does someone have coordination outside of balance; don’t have to know all these, but should know at least one for UE and LE for exams


Non equilibrium tests- list

1) Finger-to-nose
2) Finger-to therapist’s finger
3) Finger-to-finger
4) Alternate nose-to-finger
5) Finger opposition
6) Mass grasp
7) Pronation/supination
8) Rebound test
9) Tapping (hand)
10) Tapping (foot)
11) Pointing and past pointing
12) Alternate heel-to-knee; heel-to-toe
13) Toe to examiner’s finger
14) Heel on shin (common)
15) Drawing a circle
16) Fixation or position holding


Equilibrium test

Testing balance- berg’s, etc


COM- stands for

Center of mass


COM- male vs female

Men COM is around the navel, but females are lower because of hips


Cone of stability

~if you take your COM to the limits of the BOSs without falling (leading forwards/ backwards/ side to side)
~After you fall, the person has a very small cone



~after the fall, fight standing up
~will push back so they will move backwards
~rigid extension


BOS- stand for

Base of support



~Feet: different when they are shoulder width, staggered, narrow, etc
~can be your butt when sitting- want 90/90/90 (hip, knee, ankles); moving forward and backwards will change BOS bc it changes where the feet are


As you get older, your BOS will..

they get more narrow



Maintaining your COM over your BOS


Influence COM

~Large boobs
~Larger belly/ pregnancy
~Injuries on LE- will stand on the uninvolved side


If you start to fall to try and keep from fall, what are the 3 steps

~Bend at the ankle
~Bend at the hip
~Take a step


If pt has fallen...

~You want to work on putting them right to the point of them falling without making them fall
~Don’t let them fall!
~Strengthen muscles and neuro system to work faster
~Will find out where they are weak and work on that part
~You want to perturb them, unstable surfaces, etc
~Want to do a lot of single leg stuff (walking involves single leg stance)


Standing with assistive devices- cane

Com is in the center, but if you have a cane, the cane will move the COM towards the cane side


Standing with assistive devices- crutches

Crutches are like a double cane (one on each side) people need to be really good with their BOS with the feet are off the ground


Standing with assistive devices-walker

~Walkers- make sure that the pt is within the walk’s base
~if the walker is in front of the pt, the COM is way in front of the feet
~Different walkers: Standard walker, rolling walker, posterior walker, hemiplegic walker


Standing with assistive devices- roller

Roller- will not let you get within the walking space


Standing with assistive devices- cane

COM is normally in the center, but if you have a cane, the cane will move the COM towards the cane side