Flashcards in Exam 3- sensory and CN Deck (60)
what are considered the 5 basic senses?
sight, smell, taste, touch, hearing
Name some senses
**he said he will not test us on this, but this is just thought provoking**
~Hunger/ satiety (visceral)
~Need to breath
what are the 2 main tracts that carry touch back?
~Anterolateral of spinothalamic tract
dorsal column- can also be called
sensory info traveling in dorsal column
sensory info traveling in Anterolateral of spinothalmic tract
temperature can be easily tested by
asking the pts if your hand are cold/hot
Proprioception can be easily tested by
~move one arm to a position with eyes closed
~have him move the other arm to the same position (the joint know the position)
Vibration can be easily tested by
test with toning forks
Light touch can be easily tested by
~cotton (up and down so that hair does not get involved)
Discrimination touch can be easily tested by
~2 pt discrimination
~2 sharp pts
~more in hands and face, less in back and thighs
~Traced figure (graphesthesia)- ~Stereognosis
How to test for Graoheselsia?
draw an upper case figure somewhere on the back, etc
How to test for Sterognosis?
know if you are holding something, how much you are holding
How to test for Double simultaneous?
~different sides of the body at the same time (can be light touch, sharp, etc)
~Test bilateral, eyes closed, test randomly
Kinesthetic- meaning and how to test
~feeling the change of the length of tissue
~move the joint (lengthen or shorten the muscles) and pt should be able to tell us which direction we are moving them in
~Hold on sides of limb, so the pt cannot tell which direction you are moving it based just on pressure on limb.
~Could ask where in space the limb is
~Don’t have to have limb moving at that point
What is Proprioception?
feeling joint angle or position
Different types of sensations (or lack of)
Loss of sense
painful stimuli but mutes sensation (when you break your arm, you have a lessen pain then you should)
heightened sensation to a painful stimuli (when you break your arm, you have an increase pain then you should)
unpleasant or painful cutaneous sensory stimulus; pins and needles, etc
~pain from non-noxious stimuli
~you sense pain from a non-noxious stimuli (when a person rests their hand on your shoulder, it is painful)
ability to feel light touch
inability to feel light touch
ability to feel the deflection of hair
ability to feel vibration
inability to feel vibration