Exam 3: Exercise Addiction Flashcards Preview

Exercise Psychology > Exam 3: Exercise Addiction > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 3: Exercise Addiction Deck (13):
1

Addiction

*Addiction
-From Latin ‘addictio,’ a giving over or surrender.
-Other: a tendency of ______, a devotion.
-Formal: a disease related to _____ reward and motivation that limits control of behavior/emotions.

*Exercise Addiction
-Craving for PA resulting in uncontrollable and ________ exercise behavior that manifests in physiological and psychological symptoms.

habits

brain

excessive

2

Related Terminology

Exercise dependence Running dependence
Obligatory exercise Exercise commitment
Excessive exercise Compulsive exercise
Habitual running

*Separating addiction from a healthy habit is [easy/difficult].

*Note: some terms feel more pathological than others, but “every form of addiction is ___.” –Carl Jung

difficult

bad

3

Characteristics of Exercise Dependence

*_________ – more needed to achieve desired effect.

*Withdrawal – cessation results in severe symptoms.

*Lack of ______ – desire to stop/reduce but cannot.

*Intention – unable to limit PA to planned amounts.

*____ – great deal of *____ spent preparing for, participating in, and recovering from PA.

*Reduction in Other Activities – fewer other activities such as social, occupational, and family due to PA.

*Continuance – despite assorted physiological, psychological and/or interpersonal problems.

Tolerance

Control

Time

4

Compulsive and Impulsive

*Exercise addiction generally *does* exhibit _________ characteristics.
-Desire for exercise often includes ritual, intrusive thoughts, urges, and cravings.

compulsive



5

Compulsive and Impulsive

*Exercise addiction generally does not exhibit _______-control characteristics.
-Exercise activity is not impulsive or spontaneous and is preceded by considerable ________.

impulse

thought

6

Compulsive and Impulsive

*Addictions are unique from impulsive and compulsive disorders because of their dual capacity to reduce ________ affect and increase _______ affect.

negative, positive

7

Epidemiology

*Questionable Data:
-Up to ¼ of all ‘runners’ and ½ of all triathletes.

*Best Data:
-General: up to 10% of ‘regular exercisers’ are symptomatic.
-Gender: somewhat higher in [men/women?] than [men/women?].
-Age: slightly higher in young to middle adulthood and declining with advanced age.

*__________: disorders existing alongside each other.
-Nicotine, alcohol, or illicit drugs: 15-25%.
-______ disorders: 40-50%.

higher in men than women

Comorbidities

Eating

8

Categories of Exercise Dependence

*Primary Exercise Dependence
-_______ is the objective.
-Alterations of body composition or diet are done to enhance performance-related variables (only).

*Secondary Exercise Dependence
-______ loss/management is the objective.
-Most often linked to eating disorders and/or body image disturbance.

Exercise

Weight

9

Effects of Exercise Dependence

-Decreased ________ activity.
-Loss of emotional vigor.
-__________ nervous system insufficiency.
-Immunosuppression.
-Decreased ___max.
-Decreased blood ______ levels.
-Increased ______ response.
-Hypothalamic dysfunction.
-Adrenal exhaustion.

anabolic

Sympathetic

VO2

lactate

cortisol

10

Healthy Habit vs. Addiction

*Characteristics of non-addicted exercise can produce what would seem to be _______-related symptoms.
-Example: negative consequences or time away from other activities.

*The line between _______ and ________ exercise behavior is not always easy to identify.
*Important characteristics to consider:
-Motivation
-Consequences
-Frequency/Volume
-Control

addiction

healthy and unhealthy

11

Phases of Addiction

1) Recreational Exercise: PA is pleasurable, rewarding, *produces ______ benefits*, and improves quality of life.

2) At-Risk Exercise: individual feels the mood-altering effects of PA; can be ‘highly engaging’ but may also be problematic; key element is whether the *motivation* is for _________ (not problematic) or to specifically alter _____ states (maybe problematic).

3) Problematic Exercise: begin to organize life around ________ _______; control over behavior is lessened; may result in trying other forms of PA to deliver desired effect.

4) Exercise Addiction: PA is *life’s main organizing principle*; motivation is not to feel _____ but to avoid feeling ___.

health

enjoyment, mood

physical activity

good, bad

12

Addiction Hypotheses

*__________ : increased body temperature reduces somatic anxiety; cooling temperature induces PA to restore desired state.

*____________: release of neurotransmitters regulate mood, attention, and CV responses; newly created parasympathetic state feels ‘too relaxed’ which induces more exercise to restore normal.

*_________: PA is pleasurable which results in down regulation of endorphins; exercise is induced by need to restore pleasurable state.

Thermogenic

Catecholamine

Endorphin

13

Treatment Considerations

*Significant challenge is __________ of problem behavior.

*Often includes measurement via Exercise Dependence Scale (EDS) or Exercise Addiction Inventory (EAI).

*Yields: asymptomatic, _________, and _______.

*________ approach to PA is the goal, not complete abstinence.

*May include limiting PA with main modality and switching to others for a fresh healthy start and approach.

*Cognitive-behavioral therapy is typically included.

*Care is similar to other addictions, but exercise can often be the replacement behavior for addicts of other kinds.

recognition

symptomatic, addicted

Healthy