Flashcards in Exam 3 Wound Infection Deck (14):
Surgical Site Infections (SSI) primary source of pathogen?
What local factors combat SSI? (7)
Flushing via tears/urine
What systemic factors combat SSI? (2)
What % of pts w/ SSI die?
SCIP quality performance measures include? (6)
What systemic factors ↑ risk of SSI? (9)
Obesity (poor vascularization)
Sites of entry for infection? (4)
Puncture for vascular access
Causes of Hypothermia? (3)
Large vol infusion of cold liquid
Evaporative loss during intracavitary surgery
Hypothermia ↑ risk for infection, how?
Vasoconstriction ↓ blood flow and immune response
Causes of Hyperglycemia?
Catabolism and insulin resistance from surgical stress
Hyperglycemia ↑ risk for infection, how?
Impairs immune fxn in DM and non-DM pts
Prophy ABX for surgery?
1st or 2nd gen Cephalosporins
Contact isolation necessary for what microbes? (4)
MRSA (Methicillin Resistant Staph Aureus)
VRE (Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococci)
MDR (Multi-resistant G- bacilli)