Exam 4 LE Ortho Emergencies Flashcards Preview

Q4 EM Surg > Exam 4 LE Ortho Emergencies > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 4 LE Ortho Emergencies Deck (12):
1

Fibula fxr: tx?

Fibula "out to length"
Immob 4-6 wks
Screw removed @ 12 wks

2

Tibia fxr: tx?

Immob w/ straight leg or ROM hinge brace
Non-weight bearing
CT

3

Femur fxr: tx?

Admit
Traction
Labs: CBC, TxS, Coag
Surgery
Post-op anti-coag

4

Acetabular fxr: MOI?

(Where head of femur articulates w/ hip)

Trauma
Insufficiency

5

Stress fxrs C where?

Presentation?

Tx?

Pubic rami
Femoral neck

Insidious onset of groin pain
XRay initially negative (MRI needed)

Rest

6

Pubic Rami fxr: tx?

Weightbearing (WB) as tolerated
Pain mgmt

7

Hip fxr: Locations? (4)

Femoral neck
Intertrochanteric
Subtrochanteric
Femoral shaft

8

Hip fxr: Presentation?

Pain
No WB
Short leg U w/ external rotation

9

Hip fxr: tx?

NWB
Traction
Surgery

10

Purpose of Traction?

Aligns fxr fragments
Relieves mm spasm
Relieves pain
↓pressure on bone ends

11

Traction types?

Skin = 5-10 lbs
Skeletal = 25-40 lbs

12

Salter Harris fxr classification:

I

II

III

IV

V

I = Horizontal thru physis (growth plate)

II = Thru physis into metaphysis (in shaft)

III = Thru epiphysis into physis (in distal end)

IV = Thru epiphysis into meta and physis

V = Crush of physis (compact space together)