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Flashcards in Exam Two Deck (193)
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1

Ossification of the ligamentum flavum at the attachment site on the lamina will be association with which classification of bone?

accessory bone

2

Ossification within the length of the ligamentum flavum will be associated with which classification of bone?

heterotopic bone

3

The greatest transverse diameter of the typical cervical vertebra occurs at?

C6

4

The greatest frequency of osteophytes associated with the vertebral body occurs at which typical cervical vertebral couple?

C5/C6

5

List, in order, the osseous parts of the typical cervical vertebra transverse process beginning at the vertebral body.

-costal element
-anterior tubercle
-costotransverse bar
-posterior tubercle
-true transverse process

6

What muscles may attach to the posterior tubercle of a typical cervical vertebra?

-splenius cervicis
-iliocostalis cervicis
-longissimus cervicis
-levator scapula
-middle scalene
-posterior scalene
-rotators
-posterior intertransverse muscles

7

What muscles will attach to the costotransverse bar?

-middle scalene
-posterior intertransverse muscles

8

What is the orientation and angulation of a typical cervical transverse process?

-60 degrees anterolaterally (midsagittal plane)
-15 degrees inferiorly (horizontal plane)

9

What is the name given to the modification of the anterior tubercle of the C6 transverse process?

the carotid tubercle

10

What will occupy the typical cervical vertebra transverse foramen?

-vertebral artery
-vertebral venous plexus
-postganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers

11

What is the classic angulation of typical cervical articular facets?

forty to forty-five degrees from the coronal plane

12

What is the orientation of the typical cervical superior articular facet?

backward, upward, medial (BUM)

13

What is the orientation of the typical cervical inferior articular facet?

forward, lateral, downward (FoLD)

14

What muscles will attach to typical cervical articular processes?


-longissimus capitis -longissimus cervicis -semispinalis capitis -semispinalis cervicis -multifidis -rotators


15

What modifications of the synovial joint are observed in the cervical spine?

meniscoidal folds

16

The greatest range of flexion-extension among the typical cervical vertebrae occurs at which vertebral couple?

typically C5/C6

17

What motions are coupled in the cervical spine?

lateral bending and axial rotation

18

Ranges of coupled motion among the typical cervical vertebrae will begin to decrease at what cervical vertebral couple?

the C5/C6 vertebral couple

19

What is the usual condition for the African-American typical cervical spinous process?

they are non-bifid

20

What muscles may attach to the typical cervical spinous process?

-spinalis cervicis
-semispinalis cervicis
-semispinalis thoracis
-multifidis
-rotators
-interspinalis

21

What joint classifications are observed on the anterior arch of C1?

-fibrous (amphiarthrosis) syndesmosis joint
-synovial (diarthrosis) trochoid joint

22

What is the orientation of the superior articular facet of C1?

backward, upward, medial (BUM)

23

What is the joint classification of the atlanto-occipital zygapophysis?

synovial (diarthrosis) ellipsoidal joint

24

What are the morphological characteristics of the inferior articular facet of C1?

asymmetrical, slightly concave or flattened

25

What is the orientation of the inferior articular facet of C1?

backward, medial, downward (BMD)

26

What is the joint classification of the atlanto-axial zygapophysis?

synovial (diarthrosis) arthrodia joint

27

What muscles attach to the lateral mass of C1?

-levator scapula
-splenius cervicis
-rectus capitis anterior

28

What is the distance from the posterior tubercle of the posterior arch to the skin in each gender?

-males: about fifty millimeters
-females: about thirty-seven millimeters

29

What attaches to the posterior tubercle of the posterior arch of C1?

-rectus capitis posterior minor muscle
-ligamentum nuchae

30

Ossification of the free margin of the posterior atlanto-occipital ligament results in which atypical bone classification?

accessory bone