Most Missed Q's from Exam Two Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Most Missed Q's from Exam Two Deck (17)
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1

What arterial vasa corona branches supply gray matter and most of the spinal cord?

ventral/central/sulcal perforating arteries

2

Which vessels will drain the ventral/anterior nerve roots?

anterior radicular veins

3

What vessel will drain the dorsal/posterior nerve root ganglion?

posterior radicular veins

4

At which vertebral couple will the cervical curve again increase intervertebral disc height?

C5/C6

5

The greatest frequency of osteophytes associated with the vertebral body occurs at which typical cervical vertebral couple?

C5/C6

6

What is the orientation and angulation of a typical cervical transverse process?

-60 degrees anterolaterally (from midsagittal plane)
-15 degrees inferiorly (from the horizontal plane)

7

What will occupy the typical cervical vertebra transverse foramen?

-the vertebral artery
-vertebral venous plexus
-postganglionic sympathetic motor nerve fibers

8

The greatest range of flexion-extension among the typical cervical vertebrae occurs at which vertebral couple?

typically C5/C6

9

What motions are coupled in the cervical spine?

lateral bending and axial rotation

10

What will form the unique anterior boundary of a typical cervical intervertebral foramen?

-uncinate process of the segment below
-lateral groove of the segment above
(forms the joint of Luschka)

11

What is the name given to the odontoid process when the facet for the fovea dentis lies above the groove for the transverse atlantal ligament and the attachment sites for the apical-dental and alar ligaments appear to be directed posterior?

lordotic dens

12

What is the name given to the odontoid process when the facet for the fovea dentis lies below the groove for the transverse atlantal ligament and the attachment sites for the apical-dental and alar ligaments appear to be directed anterior?

kyphotic dens

13

What muscle attaches to the lamina of C2?

obliquus capitis inferior

14

What muscle attaches to the articular processes of C2?

longissimus cervicis

15

What ligaments form the costotransverse joint of the twelfth rib?

-superior costotransverse ligament from T11
-lumbocostal ligament from L1

16

What is the proposed function of the cervical-upper thoracic Hofmann ligaments?

-resist caudal movement of the dural sac
-resist gravitational forces on the dura and cord

17

What is the proposed function of the lumbar Hofmann ligaments?

resist cranial movement of the dural sac during flexion