Flashcards in Examination Deck (10)
What should you look for on head?
Circumference (50th centile =35cm)
Shape - odd shapes from difficult labour soon resolve
Fontanelles (tense if crying or RICP, sunken if dehydrated)
Red reflex (absent in cataract and retinoblastoma)
Low set - below eyes
Tip of nose, when pressed shows jaundice in white babies
Breathing out of nose (close mouth) for choanal atresia
Otoacousitci screening test
Insert finger - palate intact
Baby's face look normal
Arms and hands?
Single palmar creases
Does baby look like parents
Waiter's tip sign os Erb's palsy - C5, C6 tunes
Number of fingers
Clinodactyly (5th finger curved towards the ring finger)
Palpate the precordium and apex beat
Listen to heart and lungs
Inspect the vertebral column for neural tube defects
Lift skin to assess turgor
Inspect genitalia and anus
Passed urine and stool?
Displaced urinary meatus?
Test for DDH - Barlows, Ortalani
Femoral pulse palpation - to exclude coarctation
Mongolian blue spots
Tufts of hair ± dimples suggest spina bifida occult