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Flashcards in EXAMM Deck (51):
1

status offenses

juveniles only offense

2

delinquent offenses

both adult &juveniles

3

# of individuals in illinois currently serving life sentences

100

4

how first juvenile court was different from adult court (4)

no jury
terminology less harsh
no adversarial relationship
confidentiality

5

automatic transfer

juveniles accused of serious crimes are automatically moved up to adult court

6

prosecutorial discretion

prosecutors make the decision to file charges in adult court

7

what crime was jacqueline montanez convicted of?

murder due to gang affiliation

8

where most gun crime occurs

city/urban areas

9

may issue

not required but may give you

10

shall issue

should get when applied

11

no issue

no conceal weapon

12

unrestricted

can carry w/out permit

13

brady handgun violence prevention act of 1993

instituted federal background checks on firearm purchasers in the US

14

national firearms act of 1934

all transfers of registered firearms must be done thru the federal NFA agency

15

assault weapons bans of 1994

lasted 10 yrs on assault weapons for civilian use

16

age group most likely to be affected by gun violence

15-24

17

most common way to get guns illegally

black market

18

chicago gun law (3)

2013 SHALL CONCEAL
2014 no longer register w police
strict bans on assault weapons &gun dealers

19

does illinois have a self defense law

yes

20

according to the author, why do more guns result in less crime

people will less likely to engage if they know a person might have a gun

21

vice lords &their gang symbol (2)

5 point stars
mostly african americans

22

chicago police departments' gang violence prevention program

chicago police talk w gang members to leave gang via job opportunities

23

why gang problems have increased

gangs spread to suburbs &outside of the city

24

prison gangs

group of inmate protection

25

why youths join gangs (3)

attraction
fun
protection

26

define gang

3 or more people
self identity separate from community

(sign, color, clothing, language, engage in criminal activities)

27

is it illegal to be in a gang

no

28

what is a "street" family

working class &families in a gang, deal w drugs &criminal activies
no american dream

29

according to the author, what can the code of the streets be traced back to

cultural adaptations: be there for themselves to be successful bc they had no one. to protect themselves

30

reefer madness

how marijuana is really horrible drug like crack

31

2 states where marijuana is legalized

colorado &washington

32

where cocaine comes from (3)

colombia
peru
bolivia

33

%illegal drug

9.4%

34

%alcohol

52.5%

35

%smokers

25.5%

36

%marijuana

7.5%

37

%cocaine

0.6%

38

%meth

0.2%

39

differences for punishment for powder/crack cocaine

based on race
minorities are punished harsher

40

%get prescription drug from friend/relative

53%

41

how much did the foot soldier make in an hr?

$3/hr

42

how much did JT (gang leader) make per yr

$100,000

43

given the low wage, why did the foot soldiers continue working as drug dealers

want to be a leader one day/path to a decent job &best opportunity for them

44

juvenile court assumed authority when (3)

the welfare of the child was threatened
status offender
delinquent

45

dispositions (3)

confinement
probation
community treatment

46

non secure confinement

allow subjects freedom of movement

(foster care programs/group homes)

47

secure confinement

comparable to adult prisons

(secure lockup facilities, training schools)

48

what can be done to decrease juvenile delinquency? (2)

transfer to adult court
social control regulation

49

where does heroin come from (2)

mexico
south america

50

where does marijuana come from (2)

US
mexico

51

%cocaine for blacks

82% use crack
27% use powder