Flashcards in Exercise Physiology - Principles of Training Deck (12):
Principles of Training:
- Progressive overload
Additional principles include:
- Law of Diminishing Returns
- A training program should be based around improving in the chosen sport
- For instance, a sprinter wouldn't do long distance training, they'd do sprints.
Specific Adaptations of aerobic training:
- Increased O2 transport
- Increased ability to generate ATP aerobically
- Increased capillarisation
- Increased fat metabolism
Specific adaptations of anaerobic training:
- Increased levels of ATP
- Increased levels of creating phosphate (CP)
- Increased strength
- Increased ability to tolerate high levels of blood lactate
- Single largest determinant of how much adaptation will result from a program
- Refers to how hard a session is
- Can be measured by percentage HR max
- Sudden increase in intensity can result in injury
- Refers to how long a single session lasts for
- If intensity drops, duration will need to increase.
- Refers to the number of training sessions in a week.
- Frequency is dependent on type of training and intensity:
- An aerobic activity would be performed less often than an
- States that for the body to continue to improve fitness levels it has to be overloaded.
- Increase one thing at a time so that the athlete is not too overloaded.
- Essential for improvement.
- Specifically tailored training program to the individual
- Made so that each person gets the best results for them.
Law of Diminishing Returns:
- States that an unfit athlete will get fitter quicker than an athlete that is already fit, each athlete has a peak of fitness that they can achieve.
- Different exercises within training sessions
- Keeps athletes motivated and interested