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HSC Legal Studies > Family > Flashcards

Flashcards in Family Deck (66)
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1

Adoption Plan

A plan made by agreement between the adoptive parents and birth parents, often called open adoption.

2

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples' customary law marriage

A marriage entered into according to tribal custom rather than according to Australian law

3

Adoption

The process whereby a couple become the legal parents of a child born to someone else

4

Adultery

Voluntary sexual intercourse between a married person and a person who is not his or her spouse - no longer a grounds for divorce

5

Apprehended domestic violence order (ADVO)

An order made to protect a person against the behaviour of someone with whine they are or have been in a domestic relationship.

6

Apprehended personal violence order (APVO)

An order made to protect a person against the behaviour of someone with whom they have never had a domestic relationship.

7

Apprehended violence order (AVO)

An order imposed by a local court which restricts the behaviour of a defendant for a period of time

8

Artificial Insemination

The practice whereby semen is medically implanted into a woman's reproductive system so that she can bear a child

9

Artificial reproductive technology (ART)/Birth Technologies

Technologies that allow women to become pregnant via artificial means, such as artificial insemination and IVF.

10

Autonomy of children

The ability of children to make more and more decisions for themselves as they grow older.

11

Binding financial agreements

Agreements that will be enforced by the law and which deal with some or all of the financial resources of the parties to a marriage or de facto relationship.

12

Blended families

A married or de-facto couple and their children from previous relationships

13

Care plan

A plan which sets out the steps that will be taken by a family to resolve the concern that Community services has about a child.

14

Child

A person under the age of eighteen years. Also called minor.

15

Child abuse

Assault of a child, including sexual assault, ill-treatment of a child and exposing a child to behaviour that psychologically harms him or her.

16

Conciliation

The process whereby a third person, called a mediator or conciliator, listens to both parties to a dispute and makes suggestions, in an effort to bring the two parties to agreement. Conciliation is similar to mediation but involves a healing focus and perhaps counselling.

17

Conscience vote

When politicians vote on legislation according to their personal moral beliefs, not according to political party policy.

18

Counselling

The process whereby a third person listens to the parties to a dispute and helps them to minimise their differences and reach agreement. It involves a healing focus.

19

Consent Order

An enforce-able agreement made by separating people about a wide range of matters

20

Contact Veto

An order lodged with Community services preventing an adopted adult being contacted by his or her biological parent, or the biological parents of an adopted adult being contacted by that adopted child.

21

Divorce

The legal dissolution of marriage. The marriage is finished and each party is free to marry another person.

22

De-facto relationship

When two people live together as a married couple, though they are not legally married (that is, they are living in a bona fide domestic relationship).

23

Domestic Violence

Actual or threatened violence or harassment within a domestic relationship.

24

Domestic violence offences

Crimes that involve violence between people in a domestic relationship and which are illegal under the Crimes Act 1900 (NSW), such as assault, stalking, intimidation.

25

Extended family

A family with other relatives besides parents and children living in the same household

26

Family

'Two or more persons... who are related by blood, marriage (registered or de-facto), adoption, step or fostering, and who are usually resident in the same household' (ABS)

27

Ex-nuptial child

A child born outside of marriage (that is, the parents of a child are not married and were not married when the child was born or conceived.

28

Family Violence

'Conduct, whether actual or threatened by a person towards, or towards the property of, a member of the person's family reasonably to fear for, or reasonably be apprehensive about, his or her personal wellbeing or safety'

29

Equal shared parental responsibility

The presumption that the parents of a child will consult each other and agree on 'major long-term issues', such as the child's education, religious and cultural upbringing and the child's name.

30

Guardianship

The long-term responsibility for a child