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Flashcards in World Order Deck (25)
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1

Globalisation

The growing economic and social interdependence and interconnectedness of countries worldwide.

2

World Order

The activities and relationships between the world's states, and other significant non-state global actors, that occur within a legal, political and economic framework; an international set of arrangements for promoting stability

3

State Sovereignty

The authority of an Independant state to govern itself (eg. to make and apply laws; impose and collect taxes; make war and peace; or form treaties with foreign states).

4

Multi-lateral

More than two nation-states

5

Communal Killing

Violence and killing within communities in a nation-state, mainly due to political, economic, social, religious or ethnic differences.

6

Inter-state conflict

Conflict between two or more different nation-states

7

Intra-state conflict

Conflict between opposing sides within the same nation-state

8

Guerilla Warfare

A type of warfare in which small groups of fighters, familiar with the landscape and using simple weapons, employ tactics to harass the enemy, attack small targets and then retreat ev. Vietcong against US Army in Vietnam War

9

Conventional Warfare

The type of warfare in which professional armies and large, well-organised military forces from nation-states fight against the armies of other nation-states eg. World War 1 & 2

10

Nuclear War

The use of nuclear weapons/atomic bombs against another country

11

Cold War

Running from 1947 to 1991, this was the uneasy peace maintained between the two world superpowers, the communist USSR and the capitalist US

12

Civil War

War between two or more opposing sides within one nation state

13

Democide

A nation-state waging war on its own people eg. Jewish people by Nazi Germany in World War 2

14

Terrorism

Violence by an individual or group against its enemy in order to provoke fear; often perpetuated by groups outside a traditional nation-state boundary

15

Genocide

The deliberate and systematic extermination of a national, racial, political, or cultural group

16

Sovereignty

Each nation-state has the absolute right to control its own affairs within its borders and is not obligated to listen to any outside authority

17

Humanitarian Intervention

The doctrine justifying military intervention in a state in order to stop serious human suffering or human rights violations

18

Mass Atrocity Crimes

A broad term for crimes that fall into the categories of genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity; this is a term favoured by the UN since it avoids making distinctions of whether the crime was committed in war or peace, or part of an intra-state and inter-state conflict.

19

Peacekeeping

The activity of creating conditions for sustainable peace in countries affected by conflict, through the use of force, quite often provided by a number of countries and consisting of soldiers, civilian police and civilian personnel.

20

Jus Cogens

A Latin term meaning 'compelling law' also called a 'preremptory norm': a norm of customary international law that is indisputably accepted by the international community and is therefore binding on everyone regardless of whether a particular leader or nation accepts it.

21

Declaration

A formal statement relating to a particular issue or set of issues, agreed to by a group of nation-states without binding legal force.

22

Intergovernmental Organisations

The grouping together of nation-states that are regionally and/or ideologically close, to achieve common goals and thereby increase each nation's security, status, wealth and position

23

Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)

IGO with the aim to aid regional economic growth, promote security + the rule of law and promoting collaboration in social, cultural, technical, scientific, industrial and agricultural fields.

24

Non-government organisation

An organisation that works towards a certain cause and operates seperate from any government.

25

International Crisis Group (ICG)

an NGO created in response to the failure of the international community to respond effectively to genocides that occurred in Somalia, Bosnia and Rwanda. It monitors 60 conflicts and potential conflict situations with the aim to be an accurate source of information for governments.