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Flashcards in Female Incontinence Deck (12)
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1

Due to uninhibited bladder contractions and detrusor overactivity

urge incontinence

2

Occurs when increases in intraabdominal pressure overcome sphincter closure mechanisms in the absence of bladder contraction

stress incontinence

3

Common causes of stress incontinence

coughing, laughing, sneezing

4

Most common type of incontinence in women

mixed incontinence

5

Continuous leakage or dribbling of urine due to impaired detrusor contractility or bladder outlet obstruction

incomplete emptying (overflow incontinence)

6

Have patient void until they feel they have emptied their bladder completely. Then do bladder ultrasound

post-void residual

7

Abnormal values for post-void residual

greater than 100-150cc of urine

8

Why do you want to get serum calcium and glucose levels when evaluating incontinence?

water follows Ca+ and glucose-->diuresis if levels are high

9

Treatment for incontinence due to organ prolapse or stress incontinence

pessiaries

10

Used for urge & mixed if behavioral alone is not successful. Increase bladder capacity. CI narrow angle glaucoma

Anticholinergics- Tolterodine (Detrol LA), Solifenacin (Vesicare)

11

Used for urge & mixed if behavioral alone is not successful. direct antispasmodic effect on detrusor. less side effects than anticholinergics

Oxybutynin (Ditropan)

12

Vaginal surgeries to correct incontinence

midurethral sling or bladder neck sling