Flashcards in Female Reproductive Deck (35):
What does the round ligament attach?
ovary to the uterus
What does the suspensory ligament attach? What is it's other function?
ovary to the pelvic wall; contains blood vessels to keep ovary alive
What is the function of the mesovarium?
suspends the ovary from the suspensory and round ligament
The uterine tubes is the site where what typically occurs?
What is the width of the isthmus of the uterine tube?
width of a human hair
What is an ectopic pregnancy?
where fertilized egg develops in the uterine tubes
What issues can pelvic inflammatory disease cause?
scar tissue in the uterine tubes (trouble getting pregnant)
What's the function of the uterus?
receive, retain and nourish fertilized egg
The cervical canal is usually blocked by a mucus substance; when does is fall away?
Where does cervical cancer arise?
epithelial tissue covering the cervical tip
What does the tunica albuginea cover? (female)
How long does follicle growth take?
What phase does ovulation start?
metaphase of meiosis II
What does the corpus luteum produce?
estrogen and progestrone
How long does the corpus luteum stay active?
2 weeks if not pregnant
3 months if pregnant
What is the corpus albicans become?
How often is the endometrium renewed in the uterus?
every 28 days
What are the similar tissues to in males for the labia major, labia minor, greater vestibular gland, clitoris?
labia major - scrotum
labia minor - prepuce
greater vestibular gland - bulbourethral gland
clitoris - penis
What does the greater vestibular gland produce?
a lubricant during intercourse
Mammary glands are what?
modified sweat glands
Areola contain what?
sebaceous glands to reduce chapping
The lobes of the breasts are divided by what?
collagen fibers called suspensory ligaments, they support the lobes
What is the most common type of breast cancer?
invasive breast cancer
What cancer is the 2nd leading cause of death in women for cancers?
invasive breast cancer
During birth, all of the primary oocytes in the ovaries are arrested during what phase?
prophase of meiosis I
What two daughter cells are produced from the primary oocyte? How many chromosomes do they contain?
secondary oocyte and first polar body; both contain 23 replicated chromosomes
What two daughter cells are produced after fertilization? How many chromosomes do they contain?
ovum and second polar body; both contain 23 unreplicated chromosomes
What is a zygote?
What is the function of estrogen? (3)
promotes oogenesis, follicle growth, and maturation of reproductive tract
What is the function of progesterone? (2)
helps estrogen regulate uterine lining & promotes lactation
What happens during the excitement phase of the female sexual response?
-clitoris, vaginal mucosa, and vestibular bulbs engorge in blood
-erection of nipples
-secretion of vestibular gland
What happens to the uterus during an orgasm?
uterus produces rhythmic contractions
Is a female orgasm required for pregnancy?
Is there a refractory period for female orgasms?