Female Reproductive Flashcards Preview

Zach's TCC Anatomy Test 4 > Female Reproductive > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Reproductive Deck (35):
1

What does the round ligament attach?

ovary to the uterus

2

What does the suspensory ligament attach? What is it's other function?

ovary to the pelvic wall; contains blood vessels to keep ovary alive

3

What is the function of the mesovarium?

suspends the ovary from the suspensory and round ligament

4

The uterine tubes is the site where what typically occurs?

fertilization

5

What is the width of the isthmus of the uterine tube?

width of a human hair

6

What is an ectopic pregnancy?

where fertilized egg develops in the uterine tubes

7

What issues can pelvic inflammatory disease cause?

scar tissue in the uterine tubes (trouble getting pregnant)

8

What's the function of the uterus?

receive, retain and nourish fertilized egg

9

The cervical canal is usually blocked by a mucus substance; when does is fall away?

during ovulation

10

Where does cervical cancer arise?

epithelial tissue covering the cervical tip

11

What does the tunica albuginea cover? (female)

the ovaries

12

How long does follicle growth take?

13 days

13

What phase does ovulation start?

metaphase of meiosis II

14

What does the corpus luteum produce?

estrogen and progestrone

15

How long does the corpus luteum stay active?

2 weeks if not pregnant
3 months if pregnant

16

What is the corpus albicans become?

scar tissue

17

How often is the endometrium renewed in the uterus?

every 28 days

18

What are the similar tissues to in males for the labia major, labia minor, greater vestibular gland, clitoris?

labia major - scrotum
labia minor - prepuce
greater vestibular gland - bulbourethral gland
clitoris - penis

19

What does the greater vestibular gland produce?

a lubricant during intercourse

20

Mammary glands are what?

modified sweat glands

21

Areola contain what?

sebaceous glands to reduce chapping

22

The lobes of the breasts are divided by what?

collagen fibers called suspensory ligaments, they support the lobes

23

What is the most common type of breast cancer?

invasive breast cancer

24

What cancer is the 2nd leading cause of death in women for cancers?

invasive breast cancer

25

During birth, all of the primary oocytes in the ovaries are arrested during what phase?

prophase of meiosis I

26

What two daughter cells are produced from the primary oocyte? How many chromosomes do they contain?

secondary oocyte and first polar body; both contain 23 replicated chromosomes

27

What two daughter cells are produced after fertilization? How many chromosomes do they contain?

ovum and second polar body; both contain 23 unreplicated chromosomes

28

What is a zygote?

fertilized egg

29

What is the function of estrogen? (3)

promotes oogenesis, follicle growth, and maturation of reproductive tract

30

What is the function of progesterone? (2)

helps estrogen regulate uterine lining & promotes lactation

31

What happens during the excitement phase of the female sexual response?

-clitoris, vaginal mucosa, and vestibular bulbs engorge in blood
-erection of nipples
-secretion of vestibular gland

32

What happens to the uterus during an orgasm?

uterus produces rhythmic contractions

33

Is a female orgasm required for pregnancy?

no

34

Is there a refractory period for female orgasms?

no

35

What is belived to control female libido?

androgens controlled by the adrenal cortex