Female Reproductive Flashcards Preview

Female Reproductive Physiology > Female Reproductive > Flashcards

Flashcards in Female Reproductive Deck (15):
1

Other word for Follicular Phase?

Proliferative

2

Other word for Luteal Phase?

Secretive

3

Hormones that predominate in Follicular phase ?

1. FSH
2. Estrogen

4

Hormones that predominate in Luteal phase ?

1. LH
2. Progesterone

5

Granulosa cell function during Follicular Phase?

Respond to ⬆️FSH to ⬆️aromatase activity —> ⬆️Estrogen

6

Theca cell response in Follicular Phase?

⬆️LH —> ⬆️Testosterone

7

What happens to the Testosterone secreted by the Theca Cells?

It’s taken up by the Granulosa Cells— ⬆️⬆️Estrogen production

8

During Follicular Phase, how are LH and FSH inhibited ?

1. ⬆️estrogen
2. ⬆️inhibin B —> ⬇️FSH

9

⬆️estrogen secretion effect on Granulosa Cells?

⬆️FSH sensitivity

10

What induces LH and FSH surges?

⬆️⬆️Estrogen surge (no longer inhibits LH and FSH after a certain threshold )

11

The surge of this hormone induces Ovulation?

⬆️⬆️LH

12

When does Follicular Rupture occur after LH surge?

24-36 hours later

13

How does the Follicule prepare before they convert to Luteal Cells?

⬆️FSH + ⬆️estrogen —> ⬆️LH —> ⬆️Progesterone instead of estrogen

THECA CELLS

14

The surge of this hormone induces the conversion of theca and granulosa Cells into Luteal Cells?

⬆️⬆️LH—> Luteal Cells —> ⬆️Progesterone

15

Changes induced by progesterone in female body?

1. ⬆️Secretory endometrium
2. Cervical Mucus —> Thick
3. ⬆️Thermogenic ( ⬆️.5 to 2 F)