Femoral Triangle Flashcards Preview

(M) MSK Anatomy of the Lower Limb > Femoral Triangle > Flashcards

Flashcards in Femoral Triangle Deck (21)
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1

boundaries

superior - inguinal ligament
medially - adductor longus
laterally - sartorius
floor - iliopsoas and pectineus (deep muscles)
roof - deep fascia (fascia lata)

2

contents

femoral Nerve -> Artery -> Vein -> Lymphatics
(NAVL)

3

where are the contents within the femoral triangle

nerve, artery and lymphatics are within the femoral sheath
the vein is on its own

4

what vein drains into the femoral vein

great saphenous

5

spinal level of the femoral nerve

L2, 3, 4

6

what plexus forms the femoral nerve

lumbar

7

what nerve branches from the femoral

saphenous

8

where does the saphenous nerve leave

leaves the adductor canal distally by passing between the sartorius and gracilis

9

where does the saphenous nerve supply

fascia and the skin of the anteromedial aspects of the knee and leg and medial aspect of the foot

10

what vein does the saphenous nerve accompany in the medial foot

great saphenous

11

what does the femoral canal consist of

deep inguinal nodes and adipose tissue

12

what forms the most medial part of the femoral sheath

femoral canal

13

where do the deep inguinal nodes run

medial to the femoral vein

14

what arteries supply the head of the femur and via what branches

medial and lateral circumflex via their retinacular branches

15

where do the medial and lateral circumflex arteries pass in relation to the femoral neck and hip joint capsule

superior

16

what artery do the medial and lateral circumflex arteries branch from

profunda femoris

17

where is the inguinal ligament located

on the inferior border of the external oblique aponeurosis

18

where does the inguinal ligament run between and what does this form

anterior-superior iliac border and pubic tubercle
forms a gutter

19

what does the gutter formed by the inguinal canal contain

medial 1/2 contains the inguinal canal which contains the spermatic cord in males and the round ligament in females

20

where do the femoral vessels, nerve and iliopsoas muscle and tendon enter/exit the lower limb

deep to the inguinal ligament in the retroinguinal space

21

where can you palpate the inguinal ligament

at the junction between the external oblique aponeurosis and fascia latae