Hip and Knee Flashcards Preview

(M) MSK Anatomy of the Lower Limb > Hip and Knee > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hip and Knee Deck (17)
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1

what type of joint is the hip joint and of which bones

ball and socket
head of femur and acetabulum

2

what are the functions of the hip joint

flexion, extension
abduction, adduction
medial, lateral rotation
circumduction

3

what ligaments support the hip joint

ileofemoral, psoafemoral, ischiofemoral

4

what is the function of the ligament to the head of the femur

surrounds artery

5

blood supply to the hip joint in kids under 4

artery to the head of the femur

6

what artery does the artery to the head of the femur branch from

obturator

7

bloody supply to hip joint over 4 years old

retinacualr branches of medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries

8

what artery do the medial and lateral circumflex femoral arteries branch from

deep femoral

9

what type of joint is the knee joint

hinge joint

10

what are the 3 articulations of the knee joint

2 femerotibial
1 femeropatellar

11

what are the movements of the knee joint

flexion, extension
slight rotation

12

what stabilises the knee joint

quadricep ligaments

13

what are the extracapsular ligaments of the knee

patellar, lateral (fibular) collateral, medial (tibial) collateral

14

what are the intracapsular ligaments of the knee

anterior cruciate (ACL), posterior cruciate (PCL)

15

what are the menisci of the knee joint

fibrocartilage, medial and lateral

16

what are the boundaries of the popliteal fossa

superolateral - biceps femoris
superomedial - semimembranous
inferior - gastrocenimus
roof - popliteal fascia

17

contents of the popliteal fossa

fat, terminal small saphenous vein, popliteal vessels, tibial and common fibular nerves