Fibromyalgia Flashcards Preview

AOTA PDFs: Muscoloskeletal Impairments > Fibromyalgia > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fibromyalgia Deck (9)
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1

A. Fibromyalgia is a syndrome consisting of widespread pain affecting the entire _____

musculoskeletal system

2

Symptoms of fibromyalgia include:

widespread soft tissue pain, nonrestorative sleep, fatigue, inability to think clearly, paresthesias and joint swelling, depression, and anxiety.

3

Diagnosis of fibromyalgia includes

excessive tenderness in at least 11 of 18 trigger points on the body.

4

What are the 3 main components of OT eval for clients with fibromyalgia

Daily activity log: record of a baseline of daily activities client is engaged in
B. Canadian Occupational Performance Measure
C. Pain assessments: establishment of baseline pain and documentation of improvements or regression of pain levels after occupational therapy treatments

5

Fibromyalgia intervention:
Physical interventions

Gentle regular aerobic exercise, gentle daily stretching, strengthening activities, alternative medicine (e.g., acupuncture, hypnosis)

Myofascial release and trigger point treatment, massage, relaxation exercises, biofeedback

6

Fibromyalgia intervention:
Cognitive interventions

cognitive–behavioral therapy

7

Fibromyalgia interventions
Activity modification and compensatory strategies

E. Fatigue management, pacing activities, work simplification and energy conservation
techniques
F. Memory aids
G. Modification of activity or environment

8

Fibromyalgia interventions
Activity modification and compensatory strategies

Fatigue management, pacing activities, work simplification and energy conservation
techniques
Memory aids
Modification of activity or environment

9

Fibromyalgia intervention:
Client education

Client education to avoid pain triggers and manage stress
Sleep hygiene techniques