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1

The goal of politics

Pursue justice and the common good

2

The goal of civics

To make you thoughtful responsible citizens

3

The definition of politics

The discipline of resolving conflict by persuasion rather than force

4

Definition of civics

Study of the duties and rights of citizenship

5

Plato’s view of justice

1. Cephalus: speak truth, give what is owed
2. Polymarchus: do good to friends, harm to enemies
3. Thrasymachus: advantage of the stronger power
4. Glaucon: advantage of the stronger party, balance of just and unjust in a social contract
5. Socrates: doing ones duty faithfully

6

Plato’s five names

Cephalus
Polymarchus
Thrasymachus
Glaucon
Socrates

7

What is cephalus’ def of justice

Speak truth, give what is owed

8

Who’s def of justice: speak truth, give what is owed

Cephalus

9

Who’s def of justice: do good to friends, harm to enemies

Polymarchus

10

Polymarchus def of justice

Do good to friends, harm to enemies

11

Thrasymachus’s def of justice

Advantage of stronger power

12

Who’s def of justice: advantage of stronger power

Thrasymachus

13

Glaucon def of justice

Advantage of the stronger party, balance of just and unjust in a social contract

14

Who’s def of justice: Advantage of the stronger party, balance of just and unjust in a social contract

Glaucon

15

Socrates def of justice

Doing ones duty faithfully to obtain harmony

16

Who’s def of justice: Doing ones duty faithfully to obtain harmony

Socrates

17

Augustine’s def of justice

Love serving God only and therefore ruling well all else

18

The three laws

Positive law
Natural law
Eternal law

19

Positive law

Concrete law

20

Natural law

Moral knowledge nature and can universally by human reason

21

Eternal law

Gods law

22

Realpolitik

Practical politics concerned with what is effective vs what is moral

23

Practical politics concerned with what is effective vs what is moral

Realpolitik

24

6 states of Aristotle:

Monarchy: tyranny
Aristocracy: oligarchy
Constitution: democracy

25

St Augustine’s goal of politics

Pursue justice and the common good

26

What is St. Thomas aquinas’s main contribution to political thought

Natural law: we can live together in harmony

27

What are the three chief ideas of Thomas Hobbes

State of nature
Natural rights
Social contract

28

Orwell’s 6 solutions for bad rhetoric

1. No figures of speech
2. No long words

29

When are we most human from a biblical perspective

When we emulate Christ(he was the emergency human)

30

When are we most human from an Aristotle perspective?

Engaged in politics (man is a political animal)