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Flashcards in FINAL Deck (197)
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1

Risk factors for impaired thermoregulation

age (elderly or really young)
obesity
cognitive impairment
working environments

2

first thing to do if someone is suffering from hypo/hyperthermia

get them out of that cold or hot environment immediately

3

what to do for a patient suffering from hyperthermia in order

1. remove clothes
2. mist them with water
3 fans

4

How to treat frostbite

warm blankets
warm IV fluids
warm humidified oxygen
DO NOT RUB
Loosley dress with sterile dry gauze and separate fingers

5

The patient is suffering from:
projectile vomiting
decreased LOC
headache
confusion
has unequal pupils

what do you suspect?

Increased intracranial pressure

6

Components of the glasgow coma scale

eye response
motor response
verbal response

7

risk factors for CAD

Increased LDL
Low HDL
smoking
HTN
Obesity
sedentary lifestyle
excessive alcohol
age
genetics

8

Pt presents with
decreased urine output
Fluid volume overload
HTN
hyperkalemia
what do you suspect?

renal disease

9

S/S of renal disease

decreased urine output
fluid volume overload
HTN
hyperkalemia

10

S/S of increased intracranial pressure

projectile vomiting
irritability
decreased LOC
headache
confusion
unequal pupils

11

Dietary considerations for RENAL FAILUREpatients

restrict potassium foods
Phos needs to be restricted but they usually get pills for that

12

Can a patient with CAD have orange juice or potato chips?

NO

13

Diarrhea
abd pain
bloody stool are all S/S of what?

Crohn disease, ulcerative colitis, and diverticulitis

14

If a pt with crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and diverticulitis have diarrhea, abd pain, and/or bloody stools should they still call the doc?

YES

15

What kind of diet should a patient with diverticulosis be on?

high fiber to prevent diverticulitis

16

What kind of diet should a patient with diverticulitis be on?

low fiber

17

A patient with Crohn's, ulcerative colitis, or diverticulitis should decrease what during flare ups?

fiber

18

Dehydration
peritonitis
anemia
sepsis
electrolyte imbalance
malnutrition
and ruptured bowel are all complications of what?

crohn's, ulcerative colitis, and diverticulitis

19

patient has a ridgid or board like abdomen what do you suspect?

peritonitis

20

patient has fatigue, weakness, dry mucous membranes, dehydration, orthostatic hypotension, and presents to the ER with ShOB what do you suspect?

anemia

21

S/S of anemia

weakness
fatigue
dry mucous membranes
dehydration
orthostatic hypotension
pale skin
always cold

22

S/S of sepsis

changes in LOC
fever
vital sign changes (BP drops)
decreased urine output

23

What can trigger sickle cell crisis

strenuous exercise
infection
surgery
smoking drugs
dehydration
anything that increases need for oxygen

24

treatment and interventions for sickle cell crisis

teach light exercise: walking or yoga
ensure they drink plenty of water esp before exercise
warm compresses never cold
admin oxygen
pain management

25

If a sickle cell pt is in labor what should you have ready??

oxygen and IV fluids

26

S/S of leukemia

bleeding
infection
anemia
effects all blood cells

27

Interventions for leukemia

neutropenic precautions
teach pt and family no fresh flowers, fruits, veggies, no deli meats
stay away from sick people
avoid large crowds
no rectal temps, soft toothbrush or washcloth, fall precautions, use an electric razor, no safety razor, no flossing
premedicate with antibiotic to go to dentist

28

S/S of cirrhosis

clay colored stools
decreased LOC
jaundice
RUQ pain

29

complications from Cirrhosis

esophageal varices
clotting defects
encephalopathy
ascites

30

S/S of Hep B

fatuige
nausea
vomiting
can be asymptomatic