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Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (122)
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1

antiarrhythmic drug which means it helps to get the heart back to a normal rhythm. specifically used to tx SVT.

adenosine

2

What kind of monitoring is needed for Adenosine?

ECG, HR, BP, perfusions

3

What should you have ready when giving adenosine?

the crash cart

4

Avoid what when taking adenosine?

methylxathines

5

What to know about the IV when giving adenosine?

Large bore IV's
as proximal as possible to the body

6

What dpes adenosine do to the AV node?

restarts it!
its the pace maker of the heart

7

Promotes the movement of calcium
Causes vascular relaxation
Used for the suppression and prevention of SVT arrythmias

CAlcium channel blockers

8

Diet for calcium channel blockers

lean meats, no fried foods, low sodium,

9

If pt is already taking nitrates for angina pain can they continue taking thier nitrates?

yes if angina does not change.

10

Calcium channel blockers cannot be what?

crushed, chewed, or split when SR capsules.

11

Why should pts on antabuse avoid expectorant syrup

it contains alcohol

12

FLuid intake for pt's taking pt's taking an expectorant

1500-2000 mL per day

13

IV contrast dye is used to find what?

if there is a blockage in the brain or the heart

14

Withold what medication when giving IV contrast dye to diabetics and for how long?

antidiabetics, 48 hrs

15

If pt is getting IV contrast dye testing done what allergy would alarm you?

seafood; fish

16

Medication given for angina pain; a vasodialator; a nitrate

nitroglycerin

17

If a pt is taking ED medications need to be told what when taking nitro?

not to take their ED medications with their nitrates

18

If pt is taking nitro and angina pain does not subside after 5 min

call the provider

19

What VS is important to monitor when taking nitro?

BP

20

If a pt taking nitro SL and complains of fizzing or burning what do you tell them?

it is normal

21

Electrolyte replacement, can burn blood vessels, monitor potassium, and HR

IV potassium

22

How should IV potassium be given?

SLOWLY and with a dilutant

23

If pt is prescribed potassium via pill but cannot swallow should you crush it?

NO

24

Can a potassium pill be melted in water?

yes

25

People taking certain BP medications that are potassium sparring because if they are using a

salt subsitute

26

What labs should be drawn before and during IV potassium therapy?

Kidney function- BUN Creatinine, and serum potassium

27

A statin that helps lower cholesterol; keeps blockages from forming and allows blockages to break up slowly

Simvastatin

28

What kind of labs need to be drawn before and during Simvastatin therapy?

Liver function
Cholesterol levels

29

If muscle pain occurs when taking simvastatin what labs should be drawn?

CPK or CK

30

used to help prevent a pt from having a vagel response during a bowel movement who are having cardiac issues

Stool softeners