Flashcards in Unit 3 Deck (122)
antiarrhythmic drug which means it helps to get the heart back to a normal rhythm. specifically used to tx SVT.
What kind of monitoring is needed for Adenosine?
ECG, HR, BP, perfusions
What should you have ready when giving adenosine?
the crash cart
Avoid what when taking adenosine?
What to know about the IV when giving adenosine?
Large bore IV's
as proximal as possible to the body
What dpes adenosine do to the AV node?
its the pace maker of the heart
Promotes the movement of calcium
Causes vascular relaxation
Used for the suppression and prevention of SVT arrythmias
CAlcium channel blockers
Diet for calcium channel blockers
lean meats, no fried foods, low sodium,
If pt is already taking nitrates for angina pain can they continue taking thier nitrates?
yes if angina does not change.
Calcium channel blockers cannot be what?
crushed, chewed, or split when SR capsules.
Why should pts on antabuse avoid expectorant syrup
it contains alcohol
FLuid intake for pt's taking pt's taking an expectorant
1500-2000 mL per day
IV contrast dye is used to find what?
if there is a blockage in the brain or the heart
Withold what medication when giving IV contrast dye to diabetics and for how long?
antidiabetics, 48 hrs
If pt is getting IV contrast dye testing done what allergy would alarm you?
Medication given for angina pain; a vasodialator; a nitrate
If a pt is taking ED medications need to be told what when taking nitro?
not to take their ED medications with their nitrates
If pt is taking nitro and angina pain does not subside after 5 min
call the provider
What VS is important to monitor when taking nitro?
If a pt taking nitro SL and complains of fizzing or burning what do you tell them?
it is normal
Electrolyte replacement, can burn blood vessels, monitor potassium, and HR
How should IV potassium be given?
SLOWLY and with a dilutant
If pt is prescribed potassium via pill but cannot swallow should you crush it?
Can a potassium pill be melted in water?
People taking certain BP medications that are potassium sparring because if they are using a
What labs should be drawn before and during IV potassium therapy?
Kidney function- BUN Creatinine, and serum potassium
A statin that helps lower cholesterol; keeps blockages from forming and allows blockages to break up slowly
What kind of labs need to be drawn before and during Simvastatin therapy?
If muscle pain occurs when taking simvastatin what labs should be drawn?
CPK or CK