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Flashcards in FINAL Deck (52)
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1. Why do we work?

Homo faber & homo luden


What is Homo faber & homo luden?

Homo faber- we naturally want to work. Human as player.
Homo ludens- we naturally want to play- human as player.


What are the three ways of comparing work and leisure?

Pro-leisure perspective, pro-work perspective, neutral view


What is the pro-leisure perspective?

workaholism: compulsive about work.
play-aversion: applying behaviors of work to leisure


What is the pro-work perspective?

Work is the central-life interest and life identity.
Identity connected to work; think work is noble


What is the neutral view?

Balancing leisure and work using downshifting


What is downshifting?

To simplify or reduce one's expectation or commitments, especially in work hours


What are the economic consequences of leisure?

Harried Leisure class


What is the Harried Leisure Class?

spending money for leisure thus spoiling leisure, making us feel frantic


Leisure effects and is..

Standard of living
Driver of capitalism
Promoter of consumerism


What are the different types of time?

Cyclical time, mechanical time biological time, cultural time


What is cyclical time?

Time experienced as constant and returning
ex: four seasons


What is mechanical time?

Time paced by machine, enabling a linear precise division of the day into equal parts and a linear perception of it's passing


What is biological time?

Time controlled by biological processes
-Endogenous rhythms
-Circadian clock


What are endogenous rhythms?

Timing generated within an organism
Ex: heartbeat


What is a circadian rhythm?

Daily rhythm of activity and rest


What is cultural time?

Time dictated by the values of a group
-Monochronic groups
-Polychromic groups


What are monochronic groups?

Cultures in which time is organized horizontally; schedules and deadlines are valued over people


What are polychromic groups

Cultures in which time is organized horizontally; people tend to do several things at once and value relationships over schedule


What factors shape how time is used for leisure?

Personal perception of free time
Empty space
Personal amount of free time- TIME FAMINE
Temporal Displacement
A cultures time sufficiency
Time urgency
Time deepening
Time saving devices= micro-boredom


What is time a time famine?

Having insufficient free time


What is temporal displacement?

Altering time of events as reaction to adverse changes at a recreation resource


What is time urgency?

Feeling rushed


What is time deepening?

Doing multiple activities at the same time without fully experience any of them


What is micro boredom?

Ever smaller slices of free time from which mobile technology offers an escape


What are the goals of the local gov. when it comes to leisure?

Meeting the needs wants and desires of the population


What types of funding are there?

*Compulsory resource- the taxes we pay, fines
*Earned income- pay to get into; rental fees
*Contractual Receipts- long term contract w/ another entity
*Financial assistant- grants, donation


What types of regulation are there?

Special park and recreation laws
Regulatory laws
Enabling laws
Special district laws
Home rule


What do special park and recreation laws do?

Empower local community to provide services


What do regulatory laws do?

Control park and recreation services to protect individuals
EX: how pools are run


What are enabling laws?

Allow local branch of gov. to own, operate, and manage park and recreation


What are special district laws?

Cities can set up own programs not owned by gov


What are home rules?

Local gov controls park and recreation services they provide


Municipal Government

Local township or city
Provides resources for the community
EX: basketball courts, playgrounds, rec leagues


County Government

Liason between state and local community
Provides services that local government can't provide
EX: larger parks, hiking trails


Special District

Separate from government
Not payed through taxes
Some funding from the city & other funds
Not influenced or controlled by government


What are the goals and functions of the state government recreation services?

Legislation- acquiring land, financing, development of land

Coordination between federal and local govs.
Federal makes decisions about financing and local gov distributes the money

Creation of standards and certifications EX: hunting


What is a resource base?

Where money comes from
Fees and charges (entrance fees, etc.)
Federal funds
Endowments and trusts
Sales Revenue


Outdoor recreation and resources

State Parks
State Forests
State Fish & Wildlife Agencies
Trail Systems


Tourism promotion

Increased revenue from taxes
More jobs for state residents


Other Recreation Services

Correctional Institutions
State Hospitals and Institutions
Care and Activity Centers
Substance Abuse & Chemical Dependency Prog.
Fair grounds
Cultural programs and facilities



Intrapersonal is interactions with other people
EX: no one to do it with
Interpersonal- personal ideas of beliefs
EX: men shouldn't do ballet


What does the federal government recreation services do?

Provide services at low cost to meet our basic need.


What are the goals of the federal government and recreation services?

◦Providing land, services and program for our recreational use
◦Direct Management of outdoor recreation services
◦Direct management of recreation programs
◦Regulations and standards
◦Open space and park development program assistance
◦Research and technical assistance
◦Promotion of recreation as an economic function
◦Advisory and financial assistance
◦Conservation and resource reclamation


What is a Resource Base?

◦Appropriated funds
◾Money provided by the federal government
◦Non-appropriated funds
◾Special grants and donations recreation services received


Federal Agencies

◦US Forest Service
◦National Park Service
◾Preserve historic sites and provides land
◦Bureau of Land Management
◦US Fish and Wildlife Service
◾Make regulations
◦National Endowment for the Arts
◦Veterans Affairs
◾Provide recreation services for veterans
◦MWR Services
◦Bureau of Indian Affairs


What is the goal of Commercial Recreation?

Make money


Types of Commercial Recreation?

•Commercial Recreation
◦recreation related products for the purposes
of making money
Xbox 1, PS4
•Commercialized Public Recreations
◦a government or non-profit providing services
funded by non-tax revenues
•Intrapreneurial Recreation
◦Provides new recreation services within an
existing organization
•Entrepreneurial Recreation
◦New recreation-related services and products;
taking advantage of emerging trends
◦Dave & Busters
◦Visit natural areas to study biodiversity,
improve the well-being of the local people, build
environmental and cultural awareness and
provide direct financial benefits
◦Stay in a developing country and living like they
do; fully participating
◦View farm and agricultural operations, pick
their own produce and live on a working
◦Pay to stay and a farm and do the work
•Sports Tourism
◦Sporting events and programs to attract people
to the area
◦Superbowl, FIFA, etc
•Cultural Tourism
◦Opportunities to experience the cultural heritage
of a locale
◦Mardi Gras


Purpose of non-profits

Working with specific groups of people who do not have access to certain places.


What are the characteristics of non-profits?

•Organized- institutional present and structure
•Private- separate from the state
•Non-profit Distributing- do not return profits to managers or owners; do not give money back to anyone
•Self-governing- in control of their own affairs
•Voluntary- membership is not legally required
•Beneficial to the public- contribute to the public good and purpose


Goals of non-profits

•Public Benefit
◦social outcomes across that appeal across a wide spectrum of populations
◦Benefits everyone- Red Cross
•Mutual Benefit
◦provide services to a limited number of members with common interests
◦Target specific people- boy scouts, country clubs


What are the 4 types of non-profits?

◦Provides services and programs; immediately
impact the community
◦Soup kitchens, shelters
◦Provide funding to help get things up and
•Social Welfare Organizations
◦Lobbies to advance social causes
◦Raise awareness for a cause
•Professional Trades and Associations
◦Promote business and professional interests