Flashcards in FINAL Deck (52)
1. Why do we work?
Homo faber & homo luden
What is Homo faber & homo luden?
Homo faber- we naturally want to work. Human as player.
Homo ludens- we naturally want to play- human as player.
What are the three ways of comparing work and leisure?
Pro-leisure perspective, pro-work perspective, neutral view
What is the pro-leisure perspective?
workaholism: compulsive about work.
play-aversion: applying behaviors of work to leisure
What is the pro-work perspective?
Work is the central-life interest and life identity.
Identity connected to work; think work is noble
What is the neutral view?
Balancing leisure and work using downshifting
What is downshifting?
To simplify or reduce one's expectation or commitments, especially in work hours
What are the economic consequences of leisure?
Harried Leisure class
What is the Harried Leisure Class?
spending money for leisure thus spoiling leisure, making us feel frantic
Leisure effects and is..
Standard of living
Driver of capitalism
Promoter of consumerism
What are the different types of time?
Cyclical time, mechanical time biological time, cultural time
What is cyclical time?
Time experienced as constant and returning
ex: four seasons
What is mechanical time?
Time paced by machine, enabling a linear precise division of the day into equal parts and a linear perception of it's passing
What is biological time?
Time controlled by biological processes
What are endogenous rhythms?
Timing generated within an organism
What is a circadian rhythm?
Daily rhythm of activity and rest
What is cultural time?
Time dictated by the values of a group
What are monochronic groups?
Cultures in which time is organized horizontally; schedules and deadlines are valued over people
What are polychromic groups
Cultures in which time is organized horizontally; people tend to do several things at once and value relationships over schedule
What factors shape how time is used for leisure?
Personal perception of free time
Personal amount of free time- TIME FAMINE
A cultures time sufficiency
Time saving devices= micro-boredom
What is time a time famine?
Having insufficient free time
What is temporal displacement?
Altering time of events as reaction to adverse changes at a recreation resource
What is time urgency?
What is time deepening?
Doing multiple activities at the same time without fully experience any of them
What is micro boredom?
Ever smaller slices of free time from which mobile technology offers an escape
What are the goals of the local gov. when it comes to leisure?
Meeting the needs wants and desires of the population
What types of funding are there?
*Compulsory resource- the taxes we pay, fines
*Earned income- pay to get into; rental fees
*Contractual Receipts- long term contract w/ another entity
*Financial assistant- grants, donation
What types of regulation are there?
Special park and recreation laws
Special district laws
What do special park and recreation laws do?
Empower local community to provide services
What do regulatory laws do?
Control park and recreation services to protect individuals
EX: how pools are run
What are enabling laws?
Allow local branch of gov. to own, operate, and manage park and recreation
What are special district laws?
Cities can set up own programs not owned by gov
What are home rules?
Local gov controls park and recreation services they provide
Local township or city
Provides resources for the community
EX: basketball courts, playgrounds, rec leagues
Liason between state and local community
Provides services that local government can't provide
EX: larger parks, hiking trails
Separate from government
Not payed through taxes
Some funding from the city & other funds
Not influenced or controlled by government
What are the goals and functions of the state government recreation services?
Legislation- acquiring land, financing, development of land
Coordination between federal and local govs.
Federal makes decisions about financing and local gov distributes the money
Creation of standards and certifications EX: hunting
What is a resource base?
Where money comes from
Fees and charges (entrance fees, etc.)
Endowments and trusts
Outdoor recreation and resources
State Fish & Wildlife Agencies
Increased revenue from taxes
More jobs for state residents
Other Recreation Services
State Hospitals and Institutions
Care and Activity Centers
Substance Abuse & Chemical Dependency Prog.
Cultural programs and facilities
Intrapersonal is interactions with other people
EX: no one to do it with
Interpersonal- personal ideas of beliefs
EX: men shouldn't do ballet
What does the federal government recreation services do?
Provide services at low cost to meet our basic need.
What are the goals of the federal government and recreation services?
◦Providing land, services and program for our recreational use
◦Direct Management of outdoor recreation services
◦Direct management of recreation programs
◦Regulations and standards
◦Open space and park development program assistance
◦Research and technical assistance
◦Promotion of recreation as an economic function
◦Advisory and financial assistance
◦Conservation and resource reclamation
What is a Resource Base?
◾Money provided by the federal government
◾Special grants and donations recreation services received
◦US Forest Service
◦National Park Service
◾Preserve historic sites and provides land
◦Bureau of Land Management
◦US Fish and Wildlife Service
◦National Endowment for the Arts
◾Provide recreation services for veterans
◦Bureau of Indian Affairs
What is the goal of Commercial Recreation?
Types of Commercial Recreation?
◦recreation related products for the purposes
of making money
Xbox 1, PS4
•Commercialized Public Recreations
◦a government or non-profit providing services
funded by non-tax revenues
◦Provides new recreation services within an
◦New recreation-related services and products;
taking advantage of emerging trends
◦Dave & Busters
◦Visit natural areas to study biodiversity,
improve the well-being of the local people, build
environmental and cultural awareness and
provide direct financial benefits
◦Stay in a developing country and living like they
do; fully participating
◦View farm and agricultural operations, pick
their own produce and live on a working
◦Pay to stay and a farm and do the work
◦Sporting events and programs to attract people
to the area
◦Superbowl, FIFA, etc
◦Opportunities to experience the cultural heritage
of a locale
Purpose of non-profits
Working with specific groups of people who do not have access to certain places.
What are the characteristics of non-profits?
•Organized- institutional present and structure
•Private- separate from the state
•Non-profit Distributing- do not return profits to managers or owners; do not give money back to anyone
•Self-governing- in control of their own affairs
•Voluntary- membership is not legally required
•Beneficial to the public- contribute to the public good and purpose
Goals of non-profits
◦social outcomes across that appeal across a wide spectrum of populations
◦Benefits everyone- Red Cross
◦provide services to a limited number of members with common interests
◦Target specific people- boy scouts, country clubs