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Flashcards in FINAL Deck (43)
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1

The branch of philosophy that deals with questions concerning the nature and source of knowledge is called

EPISTEMOLOGY

2

Philosophers have tradition defined _______________ as a true justified belief

KNOWLEDGE

3

____________ knowledge is knowledge that is based on experience, and it is also known ass empirical knowledge

A POSTERIORI KNOWLEDGE

4

__________________ is the claim that we cannot have true knowledge

SKEPTICISM

5

The claim that sense experience is the sole source of knowledge about the world is called

EMPRIICISM

6

A ____________ is a possible state of afairs that would prevent us from distinguishing a true belief from a false one

UNIVERSAL BELIEF FALSIFIER

7

When Descartes discovered his first centainty, that he exists,he claimed "______________" or "I think, therefore I am."

COGITO ERGO SUM

8

Empiricists claim taht when we enter the world, our mind is like a blank slate, or a _______________

tabula rosa

9

____________ is the claim that belief in God must be supported by objective evidence

EVIDENTIALISM

10

_____________ is the belief in the monotheistic God

MONOTHEISM

11

The claim that blief in God must be supported by objective evidence, and we dont have that evidence is called

ATHEISTIC EVIDENTALISM

12

______________ is any attempt to prove that existence of God using reason and experience alone

NATURAL THEOLOGY

13

Agnosticism could also be called

RELIGIOUS SKEPTICISM

14

_________________ knowledge is something we know prior to, or without, experience that gives us real information about our world

a priori knowledge

15

A being who contains the reason for its existence within its own nature is called a _______________

NECESSARY BEING

16

A priori knowledge is the type of knowledge that is

JUSTIIED INDEPENDTLY OF, OR PRIOR TO EXPERIENCE

17

__________ claims that reason is the primary source of knowledge about the world

RATIONALISM

18

What claims are made by the position of constructivism?

The claim that knowledge is neither already in the mind nor passively received from experience, but that our mind constructs knowledge our of materials experience

19

______________ claims that certainty is neccessary for us to have knowledge

SKEPTICISM

20

Which philosopher used methodological skepticism asd a strategy for finding certainty?

DESCARTES

21

What was the purpose of Descartes' quest for certainty?

to find if there was any belief that was certain

22

Which of the following truths would a rationalist consider to be a priori truths?

FUNDAMENTAL TRUTHS

23

Ideas that are inborn and that the mind already contiains priori to experience are clalled

INNATE IDEAS

24

According to locke, the kind of properties that do not reflect reality as it really is are

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY

25

What is not an example of a priori knowledge?

ALL BACHELORS ARE UNMARRIED MEN

ALL UNICORNS ARE ONE HORNED CREATURES

EITHER THE TEAM WILL WIN THEIR NEXT GAME OR IT WONT

26

What is not an example of posteriori knowledge

TADPOLES BECOME FROGS

WATER FREEZES AT 32 DEGREES

TOUCHING A HOT STOVE HURTS

27

What are the three anchor points for rationalism?

REASON is the primary or most superior source of knowledge

SENSE EXPERIENCE is a nunreliable and inadequate route to knowledge

THE FUNDAMENTAL TRUTHS ABOUT THE WORLD CAN BE KNOWN A PRIORI they are either innate or self evident

28

What are some issues within philosophy of religion

DOES GOD EXIST

IF SO, WHAT IS GOD'S NATURE

HOW DO WE DECIDE WHETHER OR NOT GOD EXISTS?

DO WE NEED EVIDENCE OR PROOF? OR IS FAITH ALL WE NED

IF YOU ACCEPT THE TRADITIONAL GOD, WHY DOES HE ALLOW BAD THINGS HAPPEN TO GOOD PEOPLE

29

_____________ is the claim that one god created the world and sustains it while transcending it

MONOTHEISM

30

What could fall under the category evidentialism?

THEISTIC EVIDENTIALISM

NATURAL THEOLOGY

ATHEISTIC EVIDENTIALISM

AGNOSTICISM