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Flashcards in MIDTERM Deck (44)
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1

The literal translation of the word ___________ is "the love of wisdom."

PHILOSOPHY

2

_______________ is the study of the nature and the source of knowledge

EPISTEMOLOGY

3

_______________ asks questions about the existence of god, the relationship between faith and reason, and why a good god lets bad things happen

PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION

4

_______________ is the art of public speaking

RHETORIC

5

The __________________ is the process of question and answer that Socrates used to get closer to the truth

SOCRATIC METHOD

6

_________________ is the claim that there is only one kind of reality

METAPHYSICAL MONISM

7

_________________ is the claim that reality is purely mental or spiritual in nature

METAPHYSICAL IDEALISM

8

Descartes' position that claims that the mind and body are separate entities, and they casualy interact with each otehr is called __________________

INTERACTIONALISM

9

The version of physicalism which claims that we can continue to use the language of minds and mental events is called _______________

REDUCTIONISM

10

________________ is the version of physicalism which claims that we should discard all language of minds and mental events

ELIMINATIVISM

11

The metaphysical issue concerned with how we should understand the two aspects of self, whether non physical thoughts and feelings are caused by physical events, and if there is a mind at all is called the _______________

MIND/BODY PROBLEM

12

The metaphysical issue concerned with the origins of our actions, whether we freely choose our thoughts and actions, and whether we can be morally responsible for actions beyond our control is called the _________________

FREE WILL VS DETERMINISM ISSUE

13

Socrates referred to himself as the ____________

MIDWIFE OF IDEAS

14

________________ is the criteria for evaluating a philosophy which states that the terms and concepts within your philosophy must be clearly defined

CLARITY

15

_________________ is the criteria for evaluating a philosophy which evaluates how well the parts of a philosophy go together

COMPREHENSIVENESS

16

Descartes position of dualism created an unlikely compromise between _________________

THE SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS VIEWS OF THE WORLD

17

Which philosopher believed that the mind and body interact in the pineal gland?

DESCARTES

18

What are some criticisms the physicalist makes of dualism?

Dualism violates the principle of the conservation of energy, the dualist cannot adequately explain where mind-body interaction occurs, and the dualist cannot adequately explain how mind body interaciton occurs

19

Which position of free will vs. determinism issue claims that we do NOT have metaphysical freedom?

DETERMINISM

20

The libertarian and the compatibilist both believe that ___________

WE HAVE MORAL RESPONSIBILITY

21

The hard determinist and the compatibilist bot hbelieve that

WE HAVE MORAL RESPONSIBILITY

22

Which position would claim that criminals cannot be held morally responsible for their behavior, their behaior is the inevitable result of previous causes, and they sould be given psychological treatment,not punishment?

HARD DETERMINIST

23

According to agency theory, the two kinds of causes are

EVENT CAUSATION AND AGENT CAUSATION

24

Sartre uses the term "transcendence" to refer to

the fact that our lives are defined by the possibilities we face and choices we make

25

WHAT ARE SOME CRITICISMS MADE AGAINST DETERMINISM?

makes unwarranted generalization from a limited amount of evidence, confuses the methodological assumptions of science with metaphysical conclusions, and undermines the notion of rationality

26

What are some of the arguments in favor of libertarianism?

The argument in favor of uncaused events

27

Which position claims that circumstantial freedom is the kind of freedom necessary for us to be morally responsible, not metaphysical freedom?

COMPATIBILISM

28

Socrates believed that he was the smartest guy in Athens because he

had found the ultimate truth, using the socratic method

29

The sophists were

WANDERING TEACHERS WHO TAUGHT RHETORIC/SPEECH

30

____________________ is a logical move that is used to show that your opponent's position leads to a contradiction

Reductio ad absurdum