Flashcards in MIDTERM Deck (44)
The literal translation of the word ___________ is "the love of wisdom."
_______________ is the study of the nature and the source of knowledge
_______________ asks questions about the existence of god, the relationship between faith and reason, and why a good god lets bad things happen
PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION
_______________ is the art of public speaking
The __________________ is the process of question and answer that Socrates used to get closer to the truth
_________________ is the claim that there is only one kind of reality
_________________ is the claim that reality is purely mental or spiritual in nature
Descartes' position that claims that the mind and body are separate entities, and they casualy interact with each otehr is called __________________
The version of physicalism which claims that we can continue to use the language of minds and mental events is called _______________
________________ is the version of physicalism which claims that we should discard all language of minds and mental events
The metaphysical issue concerned with how we should understand the two aspects of self, whether non physical thoughts and feelings are caused by physical events, and if there is a mind at all is called the _______________
The metaphysical issue concerned with the origins of our actions, whether we freely choose our thoughts and actions, and whether we can be morally responsible for actions beyond our control is called the _________________
FREE WILL VS DETERMINISM ISSUE
Socrates referred to himself as the ____________
MIDWIFE OF IDEAS
________________ is the criteria for evaluating a philosophy which states that the terms and concepts within your philosophy must be clearly defined
_________________ is the criteria for evaluating a philosophy which evaluates how well the parts of a philosophy go together
Descartes position of dualism created an unlikely compromise between _________________
THE SCIENTIFIC AND RELIGIOUS VIEWS OF THE WORLD
Which philosopher believed that the mind and body interact in the pineal gland?
What are some criticisms the physicalist makes of dualism?
Dualism violates the principle of the conservation of energy, the dualist cannot adequately explain where mind-body interaction occurs, and the dualist cannot adequately explain how mind body interaciton occurs
Which position of free will vs. determinism issue claims that we do NOT have metaphysical freedom?
The libertarian and the compatibilist both believe that ___________
WE HAVE MORAL RESPONSIBILITY
The hard determinist and the compatibilist bot hbelieve that
WE HAVE MORAL RESPONSIBILITY
Which position would claim that criminals cannot be held morally responsible for their behavior, their behaior is the inevitable result of previous causes, and they sould be given psychological treatment,not punishment?
According to agency theory, the two kinds of causes are
EVENT CAUSATION AND AGENT CAUSATION
Sartre uses the term "transcendence" to refer to
the fact that our lives are defined by the possibilities we face and choices we make
WHAT ARE SOME CRITICISMS MADE AGAINST DETERMINISM?
makes unwarranted generalization from a limited amount of evidence, confuses the methodological assumptions of science with metaphysical conclusions, and undermines the notion of rationality
What are some of the arguments in favor of libertarianism?
The argument in favor of uncaused events
Which position claims that circumstantial freedom is the kind of freedom necessary for us to be morally responsible, not metaphysical freedom?
Socrates believed that he was the smartest guy in Athens because he
had found the ultimate truth, using the socratic method
The sophists were
WANDERING TEACHERS WHO TAUGHT RHETORIC/SPEECH