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Flashcards in Final Deck (60)
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1

Patient is unconscious, no suspected trauma. How do you open their airway if it's an adult?

Head tilt and chin lift

2

Patient is unconscious, no suspected trauma. How do you open their airway if it's a child?

Head tilt and chin lift

3

Patient is unconscious, no suspected trauma. How do you open their airway if it's an infant?

Keep head neutral

4

Patient is unconscious, no suspected trauma. How do you open their airway if you suspect trauma?

Don't told head. Do modified jaw thrust.

5

What is the fuel that all cells need?

Glucose

6

A person loses consciousness, but remains upon lying supine. What type of shock?

Psychogenic shock (temporary diminished oxygen to the brain)

7

Which statement about anaphylactic shock is correct?

It has a very rapid onset.

8

Signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock?

Facial swelling (allergic reaction)

9

In order to compensate for blood loss, what does the heart do?

Increases its rate.

10

Shock due to hemorrhage occurs...

When the blood escapes from the normally closed circulatory system.

11

The MCC of shock is?

Hemorrhage

12

Least serious form of shock?

Psychogenic shock.

13

When shock gets more severe, what happens to respiration?

Depression of respiration

14

What is the earliest and most common symptom of shock?

Nausea

15

What is the most reliable symptom of shock?

Blood pressure

16

Face is pale?

Raise the tail (legs)

17

Face is red?

Raise the head

18

Face is fine

Leave them supine

19

How does oxygen benefit the shock patient?

Saturates the reduced number of blood cells.

20

100% Oxygen tank color?

Green

21

When is an IV contraindicated?

High blood pressure, head trauma, or stroke

22

When a person has an allergic reaction to a bee sting, what is the most commonly used drug in this situation?

Epinephrine (causes the bronchial tree to dilate)

23

Why is it so important to get someone who is internally hemorrhaging or in shock to the hospital?

There isn't much you can do for them in the field.

24

T or F: Inadequate amount of insulin = Insulin shock

FALSE (caused by too much insulin)

25

Which diabetic is Insulin dependent?

Type I diabetes

26

Which type of diabetic is controlled with medication?

Type II

27

Best way to treat external hemorrhage?

Targeted direct pressure

28

Breech birth

Butt first

29

Most commonly used splint

Air splint

30

Cells get energy from where if there is no glucose?

Fat --> Creates Ketones

31

Burn with red skin

1st Degree

32

Burn with red skin and blisters

2nd degree

33

Skin is charred down to subcutaneous tissue

3rd degree

34

T or F: In emergency birth, you give the child oxygen to induce hypoxia.

FALSE; you give it to reverse hypoxia

35

While performing CPR, you hear a pop and think you fractured a rib. What do you do next?

Stop, reassess hand position and continue

36

Thing that goes on top of a wound?

Dressing

37

Most common dressing?

4x4

38

Thing that holds the dressing in place?

Bandage

39

What kind of shock is caused by subluxation or insult to supportive anatomy of the spine?

Neurogenic

40

During childbirth, you see an arm or leg. What do you do?

Load and go (treat with oxygen, treat for shock, get them to the hospital ASAP)

41

AED is used for...

V-fib

42

T or F: You cannot tell a difference between cardiac arrest and v-fib?

True

43

When should oxygen be given?

Cardiac episode, respiratory distress, or trauma

44

During childbirth, the mother starts to hemorrhage. What do you do?

Massage the uterus, treat for shock, give oxygen

45

What is the average labor for first child?

12-15 hours

46

What is the average labor for having a second child?

6 hours

47

What is the average labor for having a third child?

3 hours

48

What is the special organ of pregnancy?

Placenta

49

Cut with blood spurting?

Arterial

50

Cut with blood flowing?

Venous

51

Cut with blood oozing?

Capillaries

52

Pt. was in a bar fight. He has cuts on his eye with hemorrhage. What do you do?

Treat for shock. Apply occlusive dressing...

53

What is an occlusive dressing?

A cup with a hole in the middle. Placed over the eye to keep it from moving (stops sympathetic motion of the eye)

54

What do you to for a chemical splash to the eye?

Continuously irrigate the eye fro 10-15 minutes while waiting for help to arrive

55

BSA evaluation
- Approximate %s
- Remember: Rule of 9 for Adults

Head = 9%
Each arm = 9%
Each leg = 18%
Chest = 9%
Abdominal area = 9%
Back torso = 18%

56

BSA for child or infant
- Approximate %s

Head = 18%
Front torso = 18%
Back torso = 18%
Each arm = 9%
Each leg = 14%

57

You come upon a burn victim w/ clothes that are still smoking. What do you do?

Immediately undress them to prevent inhalation of toxic fumes.

58

Consciousness scale:

I = Drowsy, confused
II = Unconscious, but responds to mild stimulus
III = Unconscious, but responds to severe/painful stimulus
IV = Unconscious and unresponsive

59

Describe a primary survey

Make sure scene is safe for you, search out all life-threatening conditions, and treat them.

A = Airway, B = breathing, C = circulation, and then loss of consciousness

60

Describe a secondary survey

Looking for all other injuries, non-life-threatening. Head-to-toe examination.