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Flashcards in Midterm Deck (49)
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1

The administration of instant concentrated glucose is the treatment for diabetic crisis (T or F)?

True

2

An inadequate amount of insulin causes a condition called insulin shock (T or F)?

False

3

Most external hemorrhage can be controlled by targeted direct pressure (T or F)?

True

4

When the body doesn’t get enough glucose, it uses fat to make energy. → by product causes Ketosis (T or F)?

True

5

The most common dressing is?

4 x 4

6

Specialized shock caused by trauma to spine?

Neurogenic shock

7

Universal color when oxygen tank has 100% oxygen?

Green

8

What role does insulin play in bringing sugar to the cells?

Helps glucose cross cell membrane

9

Priority of injury

Triage

10

When you give oxygen to someone, it is beneficial to...

trauma, cardiac episodes, and respiratory distress (All of the above)

11

Seizures are...

highest priority

12

Childbirth is...

secondary priority

13

Unconsciousness

highest priority

14

Wound with hemorrhage

lowest priority

15

Trauma to brain

concussion

16

Check pulse for adult/child in this location...

carotid

17

Check pulse for infant in this location...

brachial

18

Difference between clinical and biological death

no pulse, respiration, or BP (clinically dead) | no BP, respiration, pulse, and brain has died (biological death → can happen in 10 minutes)

19

Hypoxia

low oxygen to cells

20

Anoxia

no oxygen to cells

21

Cardiac tamponade

when you take the BP and every time the systolic and diastolic get closer and closer together; patient has a blood filled pericardial space

22

Does the Good Samaritan act protect you against gross negligence?

no

23

How do you open an airway for adult/child?

tilt head back and chin lift

24

How do you open an airway for an infant?

keep head neutral

25

When you approach an accident, the first thing you should do is...

Primary survey → looking for all life threating conditions → Airway Breathing Circulation Shock (ABCS)

26

Secondary survey?

Non-life threating conditions → head to toe assessment

27

If someone is having a seizures, the main concern is...

to protect them from an injury to themselves; e.g. move furniture away

28

Most common cause of death related to trauma

head trauma

29

58 year old male with cardiac referred pain with difficulty breathing. Likely cause?

Heart attack → call EMS, keep patient relaxed, give oxygen

30

Most common airway obstruction in adult?

tongue

31

Most common airway obstruction in an infant/child?

foreign object

32

Patient has headaches, shortness of breath, dizzy, ongoing flu symptoms, but feel better upon leaving their house. Likely cause?

carbon monoxide poisoning

33

Arterial bleeding

blood spurts

34

Venous bleeding

blood flow

35

Capillary bleeding

hemorrhage

36

What do you place directly over a wound?

dressing

37

What holds dressing in place?

bandage

38

Shark bite or large piece of tissue becoming unattached ?

avulsion

39

Fracture with bone ends sticking out

compound fracture

40

Fracture inside skin

simple fracture

41

How do you immobilize a fracture?

use splint → reduces pain → reduces shock

42

Grade I

no unconscious, dizzy, confused

43

Grade II

unconscious, react to mild stimuli

44

Grade III

unconscious, react to pain provoking stimuli

45

Grade IV

unconscious, unresponsive, comatose

46

Is it better or worse when you have multiple changes in level of consciousness?

worse

47

Neck pain and needs support, acute stage of cervical syndrome.

cervical wrap → fold towel in thirds and then wrap it around the neck and tape it

48

Most common cause of seizure in children

fever (over 105-107)

49

Universal precautions

wear eye guard, gloves, WASH YOUR HANDS