Final Flashcards Preview

Intro to Human Disabilities > Final > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Deck (206)
Loading flashcards...
1

Speech Articulation

the function of Broca's Area

2

Semantics

the study of word meaning

3

Semantic-Cognitive Theory

1) Between but closer to nature
2) Innate brain structures through semantics

4

Parts of Language

1) Content
2) Form
a) phonology
b) morphology
c) syntax
3) Use

5

Morphology

the study of the structure of words

6

Phonological Process

a simplification of sounds that are difficult for children to produce in an adult manner

7

Reasons we communicate

1) Relate
2) Grow (learn)
3) Help
4) Persuade
5) Play

8

Cognates

/b/ and /p/ are examples of...

9

Communication

The process of exchanging information between parties through spoken, written or other symbols that affects relationships and behavior

10

Allophone

A slight variation in the way different people produce individual phonemes

11

Speech

The dynamic motor production of speech sounds through the combined process of respiration, phonation, resonation, fluency, prosody, and articulation

12

Social-Pragmatic Theory

1) Between, but closer to nurture
2) Social interaction through illocution

13

Receptive Language

How well a person understands what he/she says

14

Social-Pragmatic Theory

Perspective of language development that considers communication as the basic function of language

15

Processing System

Brain:
- primary auditory cortex
- language is in the brain
- Wernicke's area: connects words to pictures

16

Language

A code whereby ideas about the world are expressed through a conventional system of arbitrary symbols for communication

17

Frontal

The lobe of the brain where Broca's Area is located

18

Phonetics

The study of speech-sound production using IPA

19

Place

The location in the mouth where two articulators come together to produce specific sounds

20

Communication components

1) Speakers and Listeners
- encoding and decoding
- communication competence
2) Channels
- Auditory/ vocal
- visual
- olfactory (odors)
- tactile
3) Context
- physical
- cultural
- psychological
- temporal
4) "Noise"
- Physical
- Physiological
- Psychological
- Semantic
5) Messages
- verbal
- non-verbal

21

Stops

A sound made by building up air pressure in the mouth and then suddenly relating it, the air flow can be blocked momentarily by pressing the lips together or by pressing the tongue against either the gums or the soft palate
Examples: /p/, /b/, /t/, /d/, /k/, /g/

22

Temporal Lobe

The lobe of the brain important for auditory processing

23

Glide (semi-vowel)

A type of consonant that has a gradual change in an articulator position and a relative long production of sound
Examples: /w/, /j/

24

Impairment

- Function Barrier
- Body parts do not work as they typically should

25

Left Hemisphere

The hemisphere of the brain used for speech, language, and motor functioning

26

Medical Model

The model of disability where the goal is to help the PWD "overcome obstacles and barriers." The focus is on the PWD. It ignores the role of society in creating these barriers and reduces people to defective body parts putting the PWD in a position to be a passive recipient to information, care, etc.

27

The Americans with Disabilities Act (PL 101-336)

- This federal law helped to provide the use of interpreters, sign language, and telecommunications devices for the deaf (TDDs)
- This federal law mandated improved access for individuals with handicaps to building and facilities

28

Fricative

A sound formed by forcing the air stream through a narrow opening between articulators: lips, tongue-alveolar ridge, and tongue and hard palate
Examples: /f/, /v/, /s/, /z/

29

Utterance

A unit of vocal expression proceeded and followed by a silence or pause

30

Velopharyngeal Closure

The upward and downward movement of the soft palate that closes off the nasal cavity