MSA #3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in MSA #3 Deck (41)
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1

What is associated with cleft lip and palate?

1) Dental issues
2) Middle ear infections
3) Feeding problems

2

What is "an excessive and undesirable amount go perceived nasal cavity resonance during speech"?

Hyper nasality

3

What is "a reduction in nasal resonance during speech"?

Hypo nasality/ Densality

4

Compensatory articulation errors that children with clefts make

1) Glottal stops
2) Pharyngeal fricatives

5

What is included in the "Rule of 10"?

1) 10 grams of hemoglobin
2) 10 pounds in weight
3) 10 weeks in age

6

What is the surgical repair of cleft palate called?

Palatoplasty

7

What is "a computer-based instrument that measures the relative amount of nasal acoustic energy in a person's speech"?

Nasometer

8

What is a speech appliance that covers "an open palatal defect"?

Palatal obturator

9

What is a speech appliance "that fills in the pharyngeal space for speech"

Speech bulb obturator

10

Three things that can cause a neurological communication disorder

1) Traumatic brain injury
2) Stroke
3) Tumor

11

Aphasia is...

... a deficit in language processing

12

Receptive aphasia

Having trouble understanding auditory or reading information

13

Broca's aphasia

Not a type of fluent aphasia

14

Transcortical sensory aphasia

Fluent aphasia

15

Global aphasia

a severe to profound form of aphasia characterized by severely impaired receptive and expressive language

16

Anomia

impaired ability to retrieve the names of things

17

Agrammatism

an impairment of the ability to produce words in their correct sequence and with all necessary morphemes

18

Verbal paraphasia

- word substitution
- saying "sister" instead of "brother"

19

Litteral paraphasia

- sound substitution
- saying "tar" instead of "car"

20

Divided attention

responding simultaneously to more than one task

21

Orientation

1) Person -- who the person is and what he is doing
2) Place -- where the person is and the surrounding environment
3) Time -- month, season, year, time of day, etc.
4) Purpose -- understanding and reasoning about why something is occurring/ has happened

22

Selective attention

"attending to specific stimuli and ignoring others."

23

Alternating attention

"shifting focus of attention between tasks"

24

Sustained attention

attention "to a task for a reasonable length of time"

25

Anosognosia

- Being unaware of your deficits
- "Impairment of an individual's ability to relate to parts of his body

26

Preservation

"An automatic and often involuntary continuation of a thought or behavior after it is no longer appropriate."

27

Dementia

"A medical team from a syndrome caused by a progressive neurological disease that involves intellectual, cognitive, communicative, behavioral, and personality deterioration that is more severe than what would occur through normal aging."

28

Stage 1 Alzheimer's

- impaired working memory
- difficulty completing familiar tasks
- difficulty remembering common names
- misplacing items in inappropriate places
- disorientation to place, time, and purpose

29

Stage 2 Alzheimer's

- increased loss of working memory
- significantly diminished vocabulary
- conversation is empty and meaningless
- loss of reading and writing ability
- difficulty with tasks that require skilled movements
- aggressiveness
- outbursts of anger

30

Stage 3 Alzheimer's

- little or no memory
- difficulty speaking and understanding simple sentences
- expresses little or no emotion
- minimal verbal discourse
- difficulty recognizing others and sometimes himself in a mirror
- needs personal care
- difficulty chewing or swallowing