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Flashcards in Final Deck (66)
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1

Family Cicindelidae

Tiger beetles
Large compound eyes
Pincher mandibles
Larvae build tubes in soil

2

Carabidae

Ground beetles
Elytra striated
Nocturnal predators
Pronotum more pronounced than darling beetles

3

Dyticidae

Predacious diving beetle
Aquatic
Carry air bubble under elytra

4

Gyrinidae

Whirligig beetle
"2" pr compound eyes, really just one eye split underwater and over water
Bumper cars

5

Staphylinidae

Rove beetles
Short elytra
Long sharp mandibles cross in front of head
Defensive odors

6

Scarabaedae

Scarab beetles
Scavengers or phytofagous
Dung beetles, Hercules, June, Japanese beetles

7

Buprestidae

Flat headed borers
Attack live or newly cut trees
Larvae make oval tunnels/galleries

8

Elateridae

Click beetles
Pronotal shield horns
Eyespots common
Defense: click noise and flip backwards
Bioluminescence

9

Lampyridae

Fireflies
Females wingless
Lucifern: light enzyme
Femme fatale use light to trick other male species

10

Dermestadie

Skin beetles
Feed on flowers
Larvae feed on dead plants and animals
Larvae used to clean bones

11

Coccinelidae

Lady bird beetles
Predators on aphids
Some pests
Hibernate in summer

12

Tenebrionidae

Darling beetle
Elytra fused, no wings
Predators, detrivores
Head stand and reflexive bleed

13

Meloidae

Blister beetles
Flexible elytra
Pronotum more narrow than head
Hyper metamorphosis
Eat pollen
1st instar: triungulin, jumps on bee then eats it's eggs
Adults produce canthardin, toxin that makes blisters

14

Cerambycidae

Round headed borers
Long antennae
Larvae eat wood
Round galleries

15

Chrysomelidae

Leaf beetles
Skeletonizes leaves
Colorado potatoes, corn root worm, flea beetles

16

Curculionidae

Weevils or about beetles
Club like antennae with snout
Eat plants
Adults play dead
Boll weevil: cotton

17

Scoltyidae

Bark beetles
Eat inner bark of trees
Aggregation pheromones: call others to tree it found
Transmit blue stain fungi

18

Order Mecoptera

Scorpion flies
Mouthparts beak like appearance, chewing mouthparts on end
Bulbous genetalia in males
Adults eat small spiders
Pupate in cells in soil
Nuptial gifts

19

Order Siphonaptera

Fleas
Use comb to pick into hair of mammal
Larvae feed on debris, host skin flakes or adult feces, blood
Lay eggs on host and they fall off
Bubonic (bite), pneumonic (bacteria in lungs) and septicemic (bacteria in blood) plague

20

Order Diptera

Flies
1pr wings
1pr hatlteres

21

Family tipulidae

Crane flies
Delicate
Feed on nectar
Larvae aquatic

22

Culicidae

Mosquitos
Female has piercing mouthparts
Johnston's organ is used
All larvae aquatic wrigglers, pupae tumblers
Breathe through snorkel
Anopheles: malaria
Aedes: yellow fever
Culex: filariasis

23

Chiranomidae

Midges
Adults don't feed
Use hemoglobin to suck up oxygen

24

Simuliidae

Black flies
Adults have humpback
Live in clean flowing water
Pupate in silk cocoon
Females bite
River blindness

25

Tabanidae

Horse flies: stationary host
Deer flies: moving host
Iridescent eyes
Females blood sucking
Some species vector diseases nematode across eye

26

Asiidae

Robber flies
Head hollowed out between eyes
Capture prey on their wings

27

Drosaphidae

Pomace, small fruit flies
Eat decaying vegetation
Important in breakdown of vegetation

28

Argromyzidae

Leaf miner flies
Plant feeders
Form leaf mines
Recognizable by type of mine

29

Muscidae

Teste fly: live birth, blood feeders, transmit fatal protozoan disease
House fly: lay eggs in garbage, liquid feeders, can transmit food disease
Stable fly: bite people and animals, larvae found in straw

30

Calliphoridae

Blow flies
Maggots used to remove gangrenous tissue
Lay eggs in wounds
Myiasis: disease from fly feeding on tissue
Can determine time of death