Midterm 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Midterm 2 Deck (39):
1

Apteragota

Protura- first tail, come heads
Use first legs like antennae
Collembola - Spring tails
Love gardens
Thysanura - bristle tails
3rd tail like appendage

2

Pterygota
Ephemeroptera

May flies
Mass emergence
Subimago- moly after wings

3

Odonata

Dragonflies/ damsel flies
Can't fold wings
Male take sorry out of female

4

Phasmida

Walking sticks and leaf bugs
Use mimicry can regrow limbs

5

Orthoptera

Straight wing
Grass hoppers and crickets
Rub wings to make noise
Saltorial back legs

6

Mantodea

Preying mantids
Raptorial front legs
Female decapitates male

7

Blattaria

Cockroaches
Pronotal shield
Termites maybe evolved from them

8

Isoptera

Termites
Social insects
Broad connection head to thorax

9

Dermaptera

Skin wing, earwig
Mom lays eggs and takes care of them
Clipper cerci

10

Embioptera

Web spinners
Live in neighbourhood
Enlarged tarsi make silk

11

Plecoptera

Folded wings, stone flies
Use abdomen to bang on ground, plec sound
Lag eggs in goo in water

12

Phthiraptera
Ishnocera

Sucking lice
Epidemic typhus, trench fever, epidemic relapsing fever

13

Phthiraptera
Mallophaga

Chewing lice

14

Hemiptera
Heteroptera

True bugs
Hemelytra and piercing sucking

15

Corixidae

Water boatmen
No wings
Air bubbles to breathe

16

Belostomatidae

Toe biters
Sit and wait predators
Males carry eggs
Breathe through spiracles

17

Miradae

Plant bugs, leaf bugs
Lacerate and flush eating

18

Reduviidae

Assassin bugs
Predators
Saliva toxins

Kissing bugs
Eat blood
Chagas disease

19

Cimicidae

Bed bugs
No wings, lost them
Traumatic insemination

20

Pentatomidae

Stink bugs
Body shaped like pentagon 5

21

Lygaeidae

Seed bugs
Inject saliva to kill fruit to get seeds

22

Gerridae

Waterstriders
Long tarsi to walk on water
Raptorial front legs
Use vibrations to sense prey on water

23

Homoptera
Auchenorhyncha

Mouthparts back of head

24

Cicadidae

Cicadas
Females saw into tree to lay eggs
Sound like ballon loosing air

25

Membracidae

Treehoppers
Host plant specific
Look like thorns

26

Cercopidae

Spittle bugs
Nymph produces foam

27

Cicadellidae

Leaf hoppers
Can transmit plant disease
Use sound to communicate

28

Homoptera
Stenorhyncha

Honeydew

29

Aleyrididae

White flies
Wings have waxy powder
3rd nymph doesn't eat

30

Aphididae

Aphids
No wings
Viviparous
Alarm pheromones

31

Coccoidea

Mealy bugs, soft scales
Females don't move (like web spinners)

32

Thysanoptera

Thrips
Fringe wings
Unique metamorphosis and mouthparts

33

Order Neuroptera

Nerve wings
Holometab

34

Neuroptera
Corydallidae

Dobson flies
Hellgrammites - live in water
Huge mandibles
Predators

35

Neuroptera
Raphidiidae

Snake flies
Super long prothorax
Looks like snake
Predators

36

Neuroptera
Chrysopidae

Green lacewings
Green with gold eyes
Silk stalks for eggs
Eat tons of aphids

37

Neuroptera
Myrmelionidae

Ant lions
Clubbed antennae
Large wings
Live in canal pits

38

Neuroptera
Mantispidae

Mantid flies
Raptorial
Hyper metamorphasis
Eggs of stalks
2nd larvae looses legs

39

Aposematism

Colouring that warns away predators