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Flashcards in Final Deck (84):
1

What is the difference between the sucking and chewing lice?

Chewing have wide heads with mandibles

sucking have small heads with claws

2

Who transmits the swinepox

Haematopinus

3

What is the chewing louse of the dog?

Trichodectes canis

4

Chewing louse of cats?

Felicola subrostrata

5

Chewing louse of cattle, horses sheep and goats?

Damalinia

6

Chewing louse of guinea pigs

Gliricola porcelli

7

Which chewing louse can harbor Diplydium caninum?

Trichodectes canis

8

Infestation with lice more common in winter months when animals are crowded-whats this called?

Pediculosis

9

Whats the Life cycle type of fleas?

Complex metamorphasis

10

Whats the life cycle type of lice?

Incomplete/simple metamorphasis

11

What are the hosts for the Haematopinus?

Swine, cattle and horses

12

Which louse have abdominal spircles not heavily sclerotized and do not protrude above surface of the abdomen?

Linognathus

13

What animals does Linognathus affect?

Dogs, Cattle, sheep/goats

14

Which louse has abdominal spiracle that do protrude above the surface of the abdomen?

Solenopotes

15

What kinds of lice can birds get?

ONLY chewing

16

Which lice are the human lice?

Pediculus capitis
or Pthirus

17

Which lice is the human crab louse and why is it called this?

Pthirus

Small first claws and larger 2nd and 3rd tarsal claws making it look like a crab

18

Which louse is the human head is the body louse

Pediculus humanus

19

Which louse transmits swine pox?

Haematopinus

20

Which tongue worm is zoonotic?

Linguatula serrata

21

If you have a reptile that comes in with respiratory distress and chronic wasting, what are you going to suspect?

Linguatula serrata

22

What can Linguata serrata cause in dogs?

Sneezing, nasal discharge, obstruction of nasal passages

23

What stage of life is the of infective stage of linguatula

Nymphs

24

What is the common name for the Pentastomes?

Tongue worms

25

Life cycle of Pentastomes

- egg is ingested by mammalian intermediate host (ex. rodent, ruminant, human, or non-human primate)
- larva hatch and migrate to the liver, lymph nodes, and peritoneal mesenteries
- larva develop into infective nymphs and become “encased in host tissues
- definitive host eats infected intermediate host and adults mature
- ingested nymphs migrate up the back of the throat into nasal turbinates or are swallowed
- eggs secreted in nasal secretions and feces (eggs coughed up and then swallowed in order to be released via GIT)

26

Which 2 will make you think guinea pigs have epilepsy? Whats it really due to

Gliricola and Trixocara

there is intense pruritis

27

Deck of the boat, who did they claim it came from

Pthirus

28

Which louse is associated with the respiratory system

Pentastomes

29

Which louse is on reptiles that can cause respiratory distress and chronic wasting?

Linguatula serrata

Pentastome

30

Which tick has an anal groove?

Ixodes

31

Lyme dz can be transmitted

Sexually, transtadial and intrastadial

32

Whats it called when you have a larvae or nymph ingest the pathogen and carry it through to the next life cycle/

Transtadial

33

Whats it called when males looking for a female bites a host and transmits the pathogen?

Intrastadial

34

What causes abortion, hepatomegaly and fever in horses?
and who is the IH

Babesia caballi

Dermacenter

35

What is a fatal dz of cats, acute onset of fever?

Cytauzoon felis

36

What is zoonotic if you eat the eggs?

Pentastomes

37

Which dz accumulates in the MACS and occude BV

Who is the IH

Cytauzoon Felis

Dermacentor

38

Which tick is considered the house/kennel pest

Rhpicephalus

39

What can Rhipicephalus transmit?

Babesia canis

40

What dz can cause IV and EV hemolysis, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia

Babesia Canis

41

What is dermacenter a vector for?

Ehrlichia and RMSF

42

How does Rhipicephalus transmit?

Transtadial-ANY STAGE--mainly for ehrlichia

43

What is Rhipicephalus a vector for?

Ehrlichia canis

44

What are the 2 on this test that can cause respiratory issues?

Pneumonyssoides and pentastomes

45

What is the diff between Boophilus and Rhipecephalus

Which on is reportable?

Festoons. Boo does not have festoons
but they both have hexagonal basis capitulums

Boophilus

46

How does boophilus transmit babesia?

horizontal and vertical through transovarian transmission

bOO for the Offsprings through transOverian

47

Who transmits Hepatozoon? how?

Amblyomma

Have to ingest the tick

48

C/S of hapatoon

Fever
Periosteal Proliferation

49

What else can Amblyomma transmit?

Heartwater--ehrlichia ruminatum

cytauxzoon

50

Which tick causes allergic reaction to meat from its saliva

Amblyomma

51

What animal has been banned from importation and why

Leopard Tortoise

`bc they are said to carry amblyomma

52

What animal will you see argas tick on?

Chickens, turkeys, wildbirds

53

What are the c/s of argas infection

Blood loss
Decreased egg production
weak and unthrifty appearance

54

Which life cycle of argas can cause fatal flaccid paralysis of young chickens?

Larvae

55

Which tick has adults as free living

Otobius megnini

56

Where will you find otobius on the body,

Ear canals

57

If a horse has muscle cramps, sweating and muscle fascicculations, and colic, what tick will you be suspicious of

Otobius

58

Whats another name for otobius?

Spinose ear tick

59

What is the common snake mite?

Ophionyssus/Dermanyssus

60

What are the c/s you will see with an ophionyssis/derman infestation

Anemia, dehydration, dermatitis

UNABLE TO SHED SKIN

61

Which mite is zoonotic and will cause pruritic dermatitis?

Ohpionyssus/Derman

62

What is a good test for mesostigmatid mites?

Who are the mesostigmatid mites?

Berlese techinique

Ophionyssus/Dermanyssus, Pneumonyssoides, and Sternostomas

63

Which mite is the nasal/sinus mite of the dog, and what are the c/s

Pneumonyssoides

Epistaxis, coughing, chronic reverse sneezing

64

What mite will you see in birds, and what will be the c/s

Sternostoma trachaecolum

Open mouth breathing, loss of voice

65

Who are the hosts for sarcoptes?

Dogs
Ferrets
Wild canids
Rabbits
Swine

66

What does the stalk of the sarcoptes look like?

Long, unsegmented

67

Who are the hosts for Notoedres?

Cats
rats
rabbits
foxes
squirrels

68

What c/s will you see with notoedres?

self mutulation dermatitis
grey crusts

69

What mite will you see on Chickens turkeys and pheasants? What does it cause/lesions?

Knemidokoptes

Scaly legs
lesions on legs, beak, vent

70

What is the might of the guinea pig?

Trixacarus

71

What will you see c/s from a trixacarus?

pseudoseizures due to intense pruritis

72

What mite is reportable in large animals?

All of them--but psoroptes and sarcoptes are the ones she pointed out

73

Where will you see psoroptes on rabbits

External ear canal

74

How does psoroptes look?

Long segmented pedicle

they so(a)r into the sky with their long seg pedicles

75

Who does chorioptes infect?

Large animals
Hedgehogs
rabbites

76

How do you tell chorioptes and psoroptes apart/

Chorioptes has short unsegmented
pedicles

chorioptes are chumps

77

C/S of chorioptes?

Pruritis of tail and legs

Hedgehogs will loose their quills

78

mites of the external ear canal?

otodectes

79

Which mite is cigar shaped?

Demodex

80

Immunosuppressive conditions: Tcell autosomoal recessive gene

Demodex

81

Which one is the walking dandruff?

Cheyletiellla

82

How can you tell you are looking at a cheyletiella?

Palpal claws

83

Who does cheyletiella infect?

dogs, cats, rabbits, HUMANS

84

Chiggers, what stage is parasitic?

Larvae, not the lymphs or adults