Francisco Goya, Third of May, 1808, 1814-15
Gustave Courbet, The Stonebreakers, 1849
Claude Monet, Impressions-Sunrise, 1872
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette, 1876
Auguste Rodin, The Burghers of Calais, 1884-86
Mary Cassatt, The Bath, 1892
Impressionism and Post-Impressionism
Paul Cézanne, Still Life, 1894
Vincent Van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889
Edvard Munch, The Scream, 1893
Henri Matisse, Red Room (Harmony in Red), 1908-09
Pablo Picasso, The Women of Avignon, 1907
Constantin Brancusi, Bird in Space, 1928
Umberto Boccioni, Unique Forms of Continuity in Space, 1913
Piet Mondrian, Composition in Red, Yellow and Blue, 1925
Salvador Dali, The Persistence of Memory, 1931
Jackson Pollock, Lavender Mist, 1950
Andy Warhol, Green Coke Bottles, 1962
Frank Lloyd Wright, Kaufmann House, Bear Run, Penn., 1935
Le Courbusier, Notre-Dame-du-Haut, Ronchamp, France, 1950-54
Compare and contrast these two works from the 19th century. Each represents a different movement. Characterize those movements. What was the aim of each? How did the earlier work influence the other? What artistic and cultural developments influenced each? Include additional artists and works in your discussion.
realism vs impressionism vs post-impressionism vs romanticism
IMPRESSIONISM: also here and now, comes from realism. is a style of art developed in the mid 19th century that focused primarily on a fleeting moment. Impressionist artist tried to create the feeling of movement by using loose brush strokes, sketchy lines, and blotches of color that blend together to create the feeling of an impression. Study of color and light. Limitations to photography, exposure time and color. Pre-mixed paint being sold. Spontaneous, not carefully composed. The color of Velazquez. Studies, living art.
POST-IMPRESSIONISM: impressionism falls apart in the 1880s. unique independent personal responses to the world. Experimenting. Individual creative experience. 1. Return to form and structure, lost in the light & color of impressionism. 2. art for personal private expression, own experiences to the human condition through color.
REALISM: here and now. rejection of subjects in which the artist did not take part. We see almost exactly what we would see if we were standing there watching it in person. This is part of the reason for making the painting real to the point that they look like photographs. Dutch baroque genre paintings of Holland (Vermeer, Chardin) anti-tradition to the max. Vision over theory. Spontaneous, anonymous, usually lower class people. Shows the ways people make a living. The focus of Realism revolves around livestock, farm workers, middle class, and other ordinary activities.
ROMANTICISM: freedom of expression, value, creativity, and individualism. Opposite of dictated tradition. Emotion, feelings, human reactions to things, literature, fairy tales, music. Restraint of the classical tradition. Nature is viewed as a living/ spiritual thing. Compassion, independence. Remote, exotic and far away places. Visually dramatic to connect with our emotions. Painterly style, diagonals, human struggle. Creative
How did those two artists influence the art of the 20th century? How are these two works different and similar? Comment on style, subject matter, concepts. What influenced these two artists and who, in turn, did they influence? Be specific in citing other artists and works of art.
who influenced them and who did they influence
manet? father of modernism?
Van Gogh? post-impressionism?
Paul Cézanne? post-impressionism?
Théodore Géricault, The Raft of the Medusa, 1819