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1

Why is Canada an example?

1) Good model of economic, political, social and human development
2) Takes care of others through international development, multilateral diplomacy, human rights and democracy, responsibility to protect and humanitarian law

2

Canada as a Product of Globalisation

1) Colonisation
2) Settlement
3) Aboriginals
4) Immigration
5) Capitalism

3

What does development mean?

Enlarging people's choices

4

Examples of dimensions of globalization

Migration, Finance and investment flows, science and technology, Interconnected and networking, Trade

5

Canada as an actor in globalization

Trade, invest, immigration/emigration, democracy, foreign aid, human rights, military

6

Pros of Globalization

-better access to goods and services
-potential for increased trade and competition
-increased foreign capital and technology
-cultural integration
-prosperity, variety, mobility, choice
-freer flow of goods, ideas, people

7

Cons of Globalization

- strain on natural resources
- the rich get richer; the poor get poorer
- unethical issues arise
- outsourcing and the loss of jobs
- greater inequality
- exploitation of lower and middle socioecnomic
groups by stronger forces

8

Classic liberals and neo-liberals says...

Open market, let the market work

9

Capability says...

Development as freedom

10

Human Development says...

Enlarge people's choices

11

HDI (Human Development Index)

1) long healthy life
2) knowledge
3) standards

12

Post-modernists, post-structuralists and post-development say...

1) Modernism is a drag and dvm is a myth
2) Deconstruct the structures
3) Alternative solutions

13

Modernizationists say...

Value system

14

Mainstream Approach

1. Individualist - liberal
2. No state - capitalist
3. Economics only - materialism
4. Within - endogenous approach
5. Freedom - democratic
6. No culture/identity - universalism

15

Good Development

An innovative course transcending the limitations of the mainstream approach to development

16

Modernization Theory

Embody modern values and promote public and private investment. (eg. Canada)

17

Neoliberalism

Promote free markets and private property and enterprises. (1979-80)

18

Washington Consensus

The institutionalization of global capitalism and promotion of neoliberal ideals. (1989-90)

19

Dependency Theory

Structuralist theory that describes inequality as the result of colonialism and imperialism.

20

World Systems Theory

The global capitalist system is the root cause of inequality, not just colonialism.

21

Capability Approach

Assess quality of life based on the practical freedom of people to choose how they want to be and what they want to do.

22

Human Development Theory

Purpose of development is to broaden people's choices and enable long, healthy, creative lives.

23

Multilateral Aid

aid from a core country (official government) to multilateral agencies where it is used to fund their programs

24

Bilateral Aid

aid from one country(official government) to a recipient country.

25

What is tied aid?

Aid that must be spent on the country providing the aid. Given in grants and loans, but ultimitaly benfits the developed country more than the country recieving aid.

26

What are soft loans?

they are loans that are to be repaid over a long period of time (10-20 years) in the currency of the recipient's. They have a concessional factor. rates are lower and invoices are more generous. They are used on security, education, health care. (non commercial)

27

Social progress

People in a country can enjoy their own equality

28

Economic development

The improvement of living standards by economic growth

29

Political development

Development of the institutions, attitudes, and values that form the political power system of a society

30

Human development

Process of enlarging people's freedoms and opportunities and improving their well-being