Flashcards in Final Deck (81)
Why is Canada an example?
1) Good model of economic, political, social and human development
2) Takes care of others through international development, multilateral diplomacy, human rights and democracy, responsibility to protect and humanitarian law
Canada as a Product of Globalisation
What does development mean?
Enlarging people's choices
Examples of dimensions of globalization
Migration, Finance and investment flows, science and technology, Interconnected and networking, Trade
Canada as an actor in globalization
Trade, invest, immigration/emigration, democracy, foreign aid, human rights, military
Pros of Globalization
-better access to goods and services
-potential for increased trade and competition
-increased foreign capital and technology
-prosperity, variety, mobility, choice
-freer flow of goods, ideas, people
Cons of Globalization
- strain on natural resources
- the rich get richer; the poor get poorer
- unethical issues arise
- outsourcing and the loss of jobs
- greater inequality
- exploitation of lower and middle socioecnomic
groups by stronger forces
Classic liberals and neo-liberals says...
Open market, let the market work
Development as freedom
Human Development says...
Enlarge people's choices
HDI (Human Development Index)
1) long healthy life
Post-modernists, post-structuralists and post-development say...
1) Modernism is a drag and dvm is a myth
2) Deconstruct the structures
3) Alternative solutions
1. Individualist - liberal
2. No state - capitalist
3. Economics only - materialism
4. Within - endogenous approach
5. Freedom - democratic
6. No culture/identity - universalism
An innovative course transcending the limitations of the mainstream approach to development
Embody modern values and promote public and private investment. (eg. Canada)
Promote free markets and private property and enterprises. (1979-80)
The institutionalization of global capitalism and promotion of neoliberal ideals. (1989-90)
Structuralist theory that describes inequality as the result of colonialism and imperialism.
World Systems Theory
The global capitalist system is the root cause of inequality, not just colonialism.
Assess quality of life based on the practical freedom of people to choose how they want to be and what they want to do.
Human Development Theory
Purpose of development is to broaden people's choices and enable long, healthy, creative lives.
aid from a core country (official government) to multilateral agencies where it is used to fund their programs
aid from one country(official government) to a recipient country.
What is tied aid?
Aid that must be spent on the country providing the aid. Given in grants and loans, but ultimitaly benfits the developed country more than the country recieving aid.
What are soft loans?
they are loans that are to be repaid over a long period of time (10-20 years) in the currency of the recipient's. They have a concessional factor. rates are lower and invoices are more generous. They are used on security, education, health care. (non commercial)
People in a country can enjoy their own equality
The improvement of living standards by economic growth
Development of the institutions, attitudes, and values that form the political power system of a society