Flashcards in Final Deck (81)
Commitment that develop processes need to benefit people - ALL people
Issues that could be caused by development
Pollution, international competitiveness, peace and security
3 ways Canada is an actor in the globalizing world
Trade, immigration & emigration, humanitarian assistance
What Political Factors lead to Canada's aid assistance
-Stop the spread of communism through aiding countries that may be vulnerable.
-Search for a new market in Asia
-Benefits from tied aid
Decolonization of the Mind
-Questioning main structures and ideology of theories and common thought
-Deconstruction of development assumption
-challenging western ideas
Manfred Sticker take on globalization
1. new social networks
2. expand social relations
3. global personhood*
The increasing integration and interdependence of national economies around the world
Actions or processes that involve the entire world and result in making something worldwide in scope.
Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
Mainstream theory of development has 3 parts. List them.
1. Economic development
2. Theory of economic growth
3. Modernization theory
According to mainstream theory of development what does development depend on?
1. Economic growth and materialism
2. Development within (endogenous)
3. Rights and freedoms and democracy
What year did international development begin?
Impacts of the condition of globality
Decenters the structure of power and changes the meaning and basis of development
Has Canada fixed all their internal issues?
No but it is still a developed country.
->pollution, environment, inequality, aboriginal issues, ageing population, etc
Give modern examples of globalization in Canadian culture
1. Restaurants (show migration, finance, trade and networking)
If Canada became a developed country, can others do it to? Explain.
Although other developing countries do not have the same resources and connections as Canada did it is possible to develop.
List the 3 stages of 16th century inside national development
3. Mainstream theory
List the 3 stages from 1949 on outside international development
2. Mainstream theory
3. Beyond the theory
Explain the emergence of liberalism
Liberalism came from the idea of liberation during the Feudalism era. At this time there was no flow between the social hierarchy
Harry Truman's proposal
In 1949 president Truman gave an inaugural speech which declared that the US would give financial aid to all "peace-making" (democratic) countries to give them a chance at a better life
What did Walt Rostow do?
Created the theory of development in 1960
Theory of development 1960
A book written by Walt Rostow established 5 stages which, if followed, would develop a country
Who created the newer model of dependency theory?
Ander Gunder Frank
Condition of globality
-social condition as a result of the process of globalization
-social condition as a result of global economic, political culture and environmental interconnectedness (network) and flows that make most of the currently existing borders and boundaries irrelevant
What is Import Substitution Industrialization policy? Why was it beneficial in the short term but ineffective in the longer
- is one that suggests replacing foreign imports with locally-made products in order to reduce dependency on other countries.
- The main goals of it were to create independence and domestic control of the economy.
Main method used under the dependency theory:
- to address the needs of citizens within the country as opposed to the needs of the international community
- ideal of being independent was costly, because they could not learn from the experience of other countries
Dependency in the long term:
In the long term:
o high economic and social costs
o State ownership and protection created inefficient economic institutions
o Widespread corruption
o Agriculture neglected ⇒ weakening food security
What is EOI policy? Describe the controversy over the role of EOI policy.
- Exchange Oriented Industrialization
- The failure of and limitations in ISI led governments to consider EOI as an alternative way of promoting economic growth
Reasons for growth of EMEs:
- Political stability
- Encouraging entrepreneurship
- Industries strictly targeted for economic growth
- improved infrastructure