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Flashcards in Final (Cumulative Everything) Deck (60)
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1

Ethics-

the study of choices

2

Philosophy-

Love of wisdom

"Phil"-love "sophia"- wisdom

3

What do ethical thinking and actions do?

take care for the basic needs and legitimate expectations of others as well as our own

4

what is "taking care?"

Looking into or investigating something

being conscientious

Sustaining and Furthering Something

5

Ethical Avoidance Disorders-

Common Pitfalls people stumble into when faced with ethical thinking.

6

Flying by instinct

relying on gut feelings

7

Offhand Self Justification

Thinking as little as possible

8

Dogmatism

No other view is right but your own

your argument rests on asserting that you are right

9

Psychological Egoism

The view that everyone is selfish

10

Relativism

Any moral opinion is better than any other

11

Wangari Maathi

Kenyan who started planting trees 30 years ago.

12

Nelson Mandela

Worked to end apartheid in South Africa

13

Desmond Tutu

Anglican Bishop in South Africa

14

Muhammad Yunus

Bangladeshi Banker

Gave loans to poor people

15

Jody Williams

Started a campaign to ban land mines

16

How do we make change?

-there is no one way
-keep at it
-aim high
-use creativity
-stay open to complexity
-there is no way to ethics, ethics is the way

17

Problem-

A state where there is a gap between where the problem solver is and where they want to be

18

Well-defined problems-

problems with a single answer

19

ill-defined problems-

problems with many correct answers

20

Problem planning and representation-

best way to solve a problem is to devise the best representation

good visual representations can help readers

21

Vertical Thinking-

Thinking that is logical & straightforward

22

Lateral Thinking-

Thinking "around" a problem

23

Sensitivity-

our responsiveness to the information we perceive through the senses

24

Synergy-

bringing together of seemingly disparate parts into a useful and functioning whole

25

Serendipity- `

an unexpected, happy discovery

26

Creativity is a ________ process

cognitive

27

Values-

things we care about, that matter to us

28

Moral Values-

introduce the question of what others are entitled to ask from us and what we are entitled to ask for ourselves

29

4 Families of Ethical Values

Persons

Happiness

Virtue

Relationships

30

Justice-

working to solve the root of the problem