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1

The potential contributions of leisure, recreation, and play to healthy human development is essential to

an informed practice in therapeutic recreation

2

egislation in the United States significantly affected the provision of therapeutic recreation. Match the act to its description.
PL 90-480 Architectural Barriers Act, 1968
PL 94-142 Education for All Handicapped Children Act, 1975
PL 101-336 Americans with Disabilities Act, 1990
PL 101-476 Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 1990
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, 1973

Mandated physical accessibility and usability of buildings and facilities
Mandated program accessibility
Stated that "all handicapped children" were entitled to free and appropriate public education in the least restricted environment and could receive recreation as a related service
Reauthorization of PL 94-142; emphasized family involvement, transition planning, and assistive technology
A comprehensive civil rights law to eliminate discrimination in all aspects of American life: employment, government services, public transportation, accommodations, and telecommunications

3

egislation and government declarations in Canada significantly affected the provision of therapeutic recreation. Match the title to its description.
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms, 1982
Vocational Rehabilitation for Disabled Persons Act, 1962
In Unison: A Canadian Approach to Disability Issues (government report, not a law), 1998

Provided rehabilitation services for people with disabilities
Declared that all people have the right to equal protection and benefit of the law without discrimination based on mental and physical disability
Formed the basis for asserting equal rights for people with disabilities to achieve full integration and access to supports, services, employment, and income

4

Ethical considerations include

confidentiality, maintaining a professional relationship, and cultural competence

5

Canada's preferred therapeutic recreation model is the leisure ability model.

true

6

A humanistic philosophy asserts that people are

capable of growth and change, are able to strive to meet needs and goals, and are autonomous and inherently altruistic

7

During the mid-19th century Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing practices, believed in nontraditional approaches to health and healing. The approaches she advocated for were that

wounded "soldiers should be in beautiful environments, listen to music, and have visits from family and pets to comfort them and speed their recovery"

8

People with illness, disability, or special needs have the same rights to healthy and satisfying recreation participation as anyone else. Knowledge of how to support their successful participation is important for all recreation majors.

true

9

The three types of credentialing programs are

registration, certification, and licensure

10

The factors to take into consideration when choosing which TR model to use are

the agency philosophy, mission, and goals; the needs of the clients; the regulations of accrediting bodies and government oversight agencies; and your own professional philosophy

11

A series of four steps helps fulfill the purposes of TR. The acronym for the four steps is APIE, which stands for

assessment, planning, implementation, and evaluation

12

Standards of practice define the scope of services provided by TR professionals and state a minimal, acceptable level of service delivery.

true

13

Match the range of intervention or treatment with its description.
Nontraditional activities
Therapeutic interventions
Traditional recreation activities
Activities by the clients' family, environment, or community
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM)

1. Arts, sports, fitness and exercise, games, crafts, social activities, outdoor recreation, aquatics, and community outings
2. Leisure education, horticulture, volunteerism, adult education, and animal-assisted (pet) therapy
3. Cognitive stimulation, sensory awareness, assertiveness training, anger management, pain management, stress management, and leisure counseling
4. Relaxation, aromatherapy, yoga, and tai chi
5. Advocating for resources and support systems that facilitate successful recreation participation

14

People with illness, disability, or special needs have the same rights to healthy and satisfying recreation participation as anyone else. Knowledge of how to support their successful participation is important for all recreation majors.

true

15

Canada's preferred therapeutic recreation model is the leisure ability model.

true

16

Two major changes in the way adolescents relate to their families and the opposite sex are to

actively experiment with the numerous roles and identities they draw from the surrounding culture and to depend on friends to satisfy some of their basic needs

17

The three major categories of development are

physical, cognitive, and socioemotional

18

It is imperative as a leisure professional to develop insight into the process of applying the knowledge of various age-related characteristics to design, programming, and implementation of recreational opportunities for people within early life span years.

false

19

The baby boomers are aging and have begun to hit retirement age. Leisure can be an especially important aspect of young adulthood because of the changes many people experience before this point in the life.

true

20

The population of older adults is not very diverse, and recreation programmers will find it easy to effectively meet their needs

false

21

When programmers carefully consider how to manage components of the leisure experience (facility, equipment, leadership) and appropriately address the developmental characteristics of the target audience, they greatly increase their ability to facilitate a leisure experience among participants.

true

22

Physical development in infancy to early childhood includes

sitting, rolling, and increasing eye-hand coordination

23

Leisure affords people of all ages unique opportunities for

enjoyment, fun, pleasure, affiliation, movement, and skill and personal development

24

An important socioemotional developmental characteristic that affects the leisure and recreation behaviors of young adults is that friendships and romantic relationships are the primary means by which people seek to form intimate relationships with others in early adulthood. This involves an intricate balance of intimacy and commitment on the one hand and independence and freedom on the other.

true

25

Activities best suited for middle adulthood are those that include

social components of support networks and friendships, quiet contemplation, challenge, a sense of accomplishment, and volunteerism and citizenship

26

Cognitive development in infancy to early childhood includes

recognizing objects, understanding cause and effect, and pretending

27

Activity is the vehicle by which outcomes such as challenge, accomplishment, self-efficacy, self-expression, and enjoyment are accomplished.

true

28

The socioemotional developmental characteristics that affect the leisure and recreational behaviors of people during middle adulthood include the following:

the desire to leave a legacy and guide the next generation; the time to reassess priorities and to evaluate, assess, and reflect; the opportunity to diversify their interests

29

An important socioemotional developmental characteristic that affects the leisure and recreation behaviors of young adults is that friendships and romantic relationships are the primary means by which people seek to form intimate relationships with others in early adulthood. This involves an intricate balance of intimacy and commitment on the one hand and independence and freedom on the other.

true

30

Leisure affords people of all ages unique opportunities for

enjoyment, fun, pleasure, affiliation, movement, and skill and personal development