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Flashcards in Midterm Exam Deck (99)
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1

Fun is fundamental to

attracting people to activities and options that are intrinsically valuable

2

One of the unique qualities of parks and recreation is that people voluntarily choose how they will use their own unobligated time.

True

3

Prevention of a worse condition from a recreation perspective does not refer to

stemming further erosion of a human condition

4

The four general benefits derived from engagement in parks, recreation, and leisure are that it

ensures adequate clean air and water, purposeful and pleasurable lives, recollections of happy times, and health and well-being over the life span

5

A career in parks and recreation creates opportunities for

personal growth, empowerment, sense of purpose, and resourcefulness for the professional

6

Which of the following describes the economic benefits of parks, recreation, and leisure?

Increased productivity, lower annual direct medical costs, and large-scale events create an economic impact for a community

7

Leisure touches the lives of people of many ages, life stages, cultures, and social classes and of both genders.

True

8

Three psychological benefits experienced during recreation and leisure are _____________, ____________, and ___________.

stress reduction, sense of control, spirituality

9

Leisure can be found in all the places and spaces in which people gather to play, enjoy, and relax.

True

10

During the Renaissance, power shifted from the church to the nobility.

True

11

In prehistoric societies play was not used to

punish members

12

The Greeks perceived leisure to be primarily rest from work while the Romans saw leisure as an opportunity for well-rounded development.

False

13

Who played a major role in initiating the playground movement in Canada?

National Council of Women

14

Which legislative action of the 1940s influenced municipal recreation in Canada?

National Physical Fitness Act

15

Athenian philosophers believed in the unity of mind and body and each was valued.

True

16

The three types of parks that emerged under the nobility were

royal hunting preserves, formal garden parks, and English garden parks

17

Parks Canada is a

federal agency that provides recreation opportunities for Canadians

18

The development of recreation in the United States and Canada is

never static; recreation and leisure evolved through wars, the Depression, and longer and shorter workweeks

19

The primary economic challenge of the 1970s that threatened the expansion of the leisure industry was the

oil embargo, which ended the rapid development of recreation resources and opportunities

20

Leisure services are very much a people-oriented business, and when people interact, it is less likely that things will go awry.

True

21

Pieper's critique of the work ethic includes the entire list below with the exception of which particular item?

Liberal arts disciplines such as philosophy are treated as a type of "intellectual labor."

22

Leisure service providers are often put in a position of trust.

True

23

Harvard sociologist Robert Putnam argues in his book Bowling Alone that Americans have become less satisfied with their lives because they have experienced a

decline in their social capital

24

Match the ethical theory with its analytical approach
Duty-based ethics #2
Consequence-based ethics #1
Virtue-based ethics. #3

1. Ponder the effect or corollary
2. Evaluate the tasks and obligations
3. Consult one's conscience or scruples

25

The ancient Greeks were "work averse." Work was only a necessity of life. Leisure, not work, gave meaning and purpose to their life.

True

26

Socially responsible leisure service providers need to have a

macro, or "big-picture," understanding of the broad social and ethical issues that affect the quality of people's leisure lives

27

According to Veblen's critique of consumption, in a consumer culture, success is measured by the simple and useful goods we own, which increases our social status.

False

28

In Russell's critique of the work ethic, he proposed a work-sharing arrangement. Which item below best describes Russell's solution?

Reduce work to four hours per day and still provide the "necessary and elementary comforts" of life where people will have the freedom to pursue cultural and intellectual interests.

29

Philosophical analysis helps solve the financial dilemmas that we are sure to encounter as practicing professionals.

False

30

Individuals do not exist isolated from society because human beings are social animals by their very nature.

True