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Introduction to Biological Anthropology > Final Exam > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (17):
1

Traits with modern homo sapiens and when did they appear?

200 kya
-1300 cc brain
-Vertical forehead
-no post-orbital constriction
-reduced brow ridge
-prominent chin
-no occipital bun
-light skeleton
-small teeth

2

What is Lake Mungo?

A part of the expansion to Australia. Found burials from 25 kya

3

What is the Bering Land Bridge?

A hypothesis about how we expanded into the "new world". Going from Siberia to Alaska. Shows the Glacial retreat and the path the Clovis Indians took. About 13,000 ya

4

Who are the Clovis?

Indians with traces related to the Bering Land Bridge from about 11,500 ya

5

What's Meadowcroft?

In Pennsylvania. About 12,000 ya related to the expansion into the "New World"

6

What's Monte Verde?

In Chile. About 35,000 ya related to the continuous expansion into the "New World" from Alaska

7

Chatelperronian

Type of tool from neanderthals and modern humans. From the upper paleolithic period

8

Magdalenian

Type of tool from the Upper Paleolithic period with more distance and design to it. It increased power and precision.

9

Atlatl

A type of Magdalenian tool that was a spear-thrower

10

Monogenism

All races descended from one original pair (adam and eve)
Changes and variation are due to the environment
Problems with that: Such a short amount of time for us to change

11

What's the significance of venus figurines?

A part of the personal and portable art of modern human sapiens. It could be representing a feminine god or simply a bored pregnant woman who wanted to carve herself.

12

Polygenism

Races descended from a number of pairs
Races considered to be separate species.
Problems with that: racist as fuck

13

Race

Division of a species or subspecies usually based on physical and/or behavioral differences
-Way to classify phenotypic variation

14

Gloger's Rule

Ecological Rule regarding pigmentation
-Closer to the equator = darker skin/color.
-Farther from the equator = lighter skin/color

15

Bergmann's Rule

Ecological Rule regarding body size
-Warm = linear, slender
-Cold = short, stockier

16

Allen's Rule

Ecological rule regarding extremities
-Warm = longer (tall)
-Cold = shorter

17

Adaptation

Response to stressors to return to homeostasis