Final Exam Review Guide Flashcards Preview

Neuropsych > Final Exam Review Guide > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Exam Review Guide Deck (50)
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1

Major function/ area: frontal lobe

complex socioemotional
planning, organization, higher order functioning

2

Major function/ area: occipital lobe

low-level vision

3

Major function/ area: temporal lobe

basic socioemotional, language, audition

4

Major function/ area: parietal lobe

concerned with reception and correlation of sensory info

5

Major function/ area: cerebellum

finesse movements

6

Major function/ area: thalamus

relay station of the brain

7

Major function/ area: amygdala

experience of emotion

8

explicit/ declarative memory

memories that can be consciously recalled

9

semantic memory

memory for facts

10

episodic memory

memory of autobiographical events

11

learning/ memory process

encoding, consolidation, recall

12

agnosia

object recognition problem

13

prosopagnosia

facial recognition problem

14

aphasia

loss of ability to understand (Wernicke) or express (Broca) speech

15

anosognosia

loss of knowledge of self, lack awareness of deficit

16

socioemotional functioning (theory of mind, empathy, inhibition)

issues with this implicated in FTLD, suggests that the frontal lobe is important for this kind of functioning

17

ataxia

difficulty carrying out the movement (ataxia 'attacks ya')

18

dyslexia

difficulty reading

19

neglect

results after stroke usually, tend to ignore things on the left because of the way the two hemispheres attend to the visual fields. right attends to both, so knocking out right leads to left neglect

20

amnesia

retrograde
anterograde
temporal gradient
fugue

memory loss

retro - loss of memory before accident

antero- can't form new memories post-accident

temp gradient- loss of memory right before and right after accident, looks like gradient where most loss is around time of accident

fugue- dissociation, psychological state w/ no organic cause

21

cortical blindness

subcortical processing of vision

22

blind sight

think you can see, but no awareness

23

neuron structure

axon, soma, dendrites, myelin, electrical signals, resting potential, neurotransmitters

24

meninges

dura mater (tough), arachnoid mater (spider web-y), pia mater (tender)

25

cerebrospinal fluid

liquid that fills the ventricles and suspends the brain

Also runs through the spinal tract and menages

26

blood-brain barrier

tight junctions that are only permeable to fat soluble molecules

27

white matter

paler tissue, mostly nerve fibers with myelin sheath. loss of this usually impacts processing speed

Inner, sub-cortex

28

gray matter

tissue consisting of dendrites, glial cells, synpases, capillaries

Outer, neocortex, information created

29

corpus callosum

connecting fibers between two hemispheres

Separation causes disconnection syndrome

30

anterior commissure

connects the frontal lobes

31

motor and somatosensory strip

motor -
somatosensory -

32

sulci and gyri

sulci (grooves, like the valleys, sulci sounds like sunken)
gyri (bumps, like the peaks)

33

Stroke

interruption of blood supply to the brain

34

Alzheimer's

progressive disease that destroys memory, people generally still have their social graces intact

35

bvFTD

behavioral variant frontotemporal disorder

characterized by early and progressive changes in personality, emotional blunting and/or loss of empathy.

36

Parkinson's

lack of movement, caused by death of the substantia nigra leading to less dopamine

37

Huntington's

excessive movements, inherited disorder

38

Hydrocephalus

build up of fluid in the brain

39

Seizures

abnormal electrical activity

40

Callosotomy
resection
psychosurgery

cutting corpus callosum
cut out tumor
lobotomies

41

Multiple Sclerosis

degredation of the myelin sheath, processing speed slowed

42

Autism Spectrum

issues with normal social functioning

43

Praeder- Willi

overeating, insatiable hunger, knockout of paternal gener

44

Fragile X

intellectual, inherited disorder

45

Cerebral Palsy

movement disorder

46

Down's syndrome

intellectual, random mutation

47

Rhett's disorder

degeneration after 6-18 months

48

Angelman's

severe intellectual impairments (can't talk, etc.) but are sweet and "angel-like"

49

anterior vs posterior
rostral vs caudal
medial vs lateral
dorsal vs ventral
ipsilateral vs contralateral
proximal vs distal

front vs back
beak vs tail
middle vs side
back vs stomach
same side vs opposite side
close vs far

50

Major function/ area: basal ganglia

dysfunction implicated in movement disorders

Dopamine pathway