Final Review #death Flashcards Preview

Psy > Final Review #death > Flashcards

Flashcards in Final Review #death Deck (45):
1

What are the three aspects of Sternberg's intelligences?

Analytical, creative, and practical

2

Analytical intelligence

Academic problem solving: puzzles or analogies

3

Creative intelligence

The allowance to think creatively and react to novel situations

4

Practical intelligence

Ability to grasp and understand every day tasks

5

Which perspective of psychology examines the nature vs nurture debate?

develop mental

6

Psychodynamic (General philosophy)

Our unconscious mind plays a huge role in everything

7

Psychodynamic (Important people)

Freud, Adler, and Jung

8

Psychodynamic (view of cause of disorders)

Unconscious. unresolved repressed issues from the past

9

Psychodynamic (treatment)

Psychoanalysis: Free association, dream analysis, TAT test

10

Behaviorism(General philosophy)

Behavior is the result of reinforcements, punishments, and observations

11

Behaviorism (Important people)

Skinner, Watson, Thorndike, Pavlov, Bandura

12

Behaviorism(view of cause of disorders)

Often we mimic our parents or friends depression an anxiety. We like the attention

13

Behaviorism(treatment)

Change maladaptive behaviors through reinforcements

14

Humanism (General philosophy)

focuses on uniquely human issues, such as the self, hope, love, nature, individual.

15

Humanism(Important people)

Maslow, Rogers

16

Humanism(view of cause of disorders)

Barrier to self actualization, ideal self and actual self not in congruence

17

Humanism(treatment)

Therapy, self help, group therapy

18

Cognitive (General philosophy)

How people perceive, remember, think, speak, and love problems

19

Cognitive(Important people)

Piaget, Chomsky, Ellis.

20

Cognitive (view of cause of disorders)

Irrational thoughts lead to anxiety and depression

21

Cognitive(treatment)

reality therapy

22

Evolutionary (General philosophy)

We are a result of 1,000s of years of adaptation

23

Evolutionary(Important person)

Darwin

24

Evolutionary(view of cause of disorders)

Anxiety was a defense mechanism in the wild

25

Biomedical (General philosophy)

Focus on biology and medicinal treatments

26

Biomedical(Important people)

Broca, Wernike, Gage

27

Biomedical(view of cause of disorders)

Imbalance of NTMs, genetics, hormones, brain structure

28

Biomedical(treatment)

Drugs and surgery

29

Independent VS Dependent

In= What is tested, De=What us neasured

30

Experiments VS Control group

Ex= Group that is tested, Con= compared to the experimental group

31

Broca's area VS Wernicke's area

Bro= makes words, Wern= comprehends words

32

Classical VS Operant conditioning

Class=Involuntary, op= voluntary

33

Primacy VS Recency effect

prim=first items remembered. Rec= last items remembered

34

Proactive VS Retroactive

pro=Loss of new info, retro=loss of old info

35

Implicit Memory Vs Recognition memory

impli=skills, Reco=Facts

36

Recall vs Recognition

recall= no cues, Reco= some hints

37

Algorithms vs Heuristics

Al=stwp-by-step, Heur=Rule-of-thumb

38

Representative Heuristic vs Availability heuristic

Rep=Stereotypes, Avail= Based on available info

39

Phonemes vs Morphemes

Pho=Basic sound units, Morph= basic units of meaning

40

fluid intelligence vs crystallized intelligence

fluid=processing speed, Crystal= squirted knowledge

41

Validity vs Reliability

Val= test measures what it should, relia= same scores on a re-test

42

Achievement test vs aptitude test

achieve= what you've learned, aptitude= potential

43

Intrinsic motivation vs extrinsic

In=for personal satisfaction, extrin=for rewards

44

internal locus va external locus

internal=you control environment, external= eviorment controls you

45

Retrograde vs anterograde amnesia

retro= forget old memories, antro= can't make new memories