Flashcards in Fire Final Deck (461):
What term refers to the simplest form of chemical matter?
How are elements identified?
By letter symbols
What is it called when a chemical changes its state but not it's composition?
What is an example of a liquid?
What is the most abundant element found on earth?
What is the general composition of air by volume?
One part oxygen and four parts nitrogen
What is the most commonly used cosmetic ingredient?
What is the range of the pH scale?
What does ionization create?
Two new ions with opposite electrical charges
What color does a base turn red litmus paper?
A pH of eight is _____ times more alkaline than a pH of seven?
What is a characteristic of suspension?
How long should a properly-stored emulsion remain stable?
What is an example of an oil-in-water emulsion?
Estheticians work with chemistry ever day?
Understanding chemistry helps you to understand how to layer products in services?
Inorganic substances are flammable?
The atoms of each element are different in structure from the atoms of all other elements?
Atoms can be divided into simpler substances by ordinary chemical means?
Most water is pure?
It may not be beneficial to the skin for the esthetician to cross over in product lines when providing services?
When a substance is oxidized, the oxidizer is always reduced?
Suspensions contain smaller particles than solutions do?
A disadvantage of oil-in-water emulsions is that they will not easily rinse away with water?
Uniform mixture of two or more substances
Combination of two or more substances that are united physically, in any proportions with combined properties
These have neither a definite size nor a definite shape
Unstable mixture of two or more immiscible substances
Chemical reaction in which the oxidizing agent is reduced and the reducing agent is oxidized
Droplets of water dispersed in an oil
These have definite size but not a definite shape
Substances with a pH below 7.0
These are used to emulsify oil and water
Characteristics that can be determined only with a chemical reaction and that cause a chemical change in the identity of the substance
Droplets of oil dispersed in water with the aid of an emulsifying agent
Characteristics that can be determined without a chemical reaction and that do not cause a chemical change in the identity of the substance
Rapid oxidation of a substance, accompanied by the production of heat and light
These have a definite size and a definite shape
Also known as bases have a pH above 7.0
What is an example of a good insulator?
What is an example of a device that uses alternating current (AC)?
What is the unit that measures the amount of an electric current (the number of electrons flowing through a conductor)?
How many watts are in a kilowatt?
What should you do when using electrical equipment?
Read all instructions carefully before attempting to use new equipment
What color is typically used to indicate that an electrode is a cathode?
What does anaphoresis do?
Stimulate and irritate the nerves
What is NOT a benefit of using Tesla high-frequency current?
Decreases elimination and absorption
Who holds the tube electrode with the indirect method of application for high-frequency current?
What is a characteristic of short wavelengths?
What type of light is a combination of all the visible rays of the spectrum?
What type of ultraviolet (UV) rays are known as the burning light?
What is NOT a benefit of LED treatments?
What color LED is used to improve elastin production in the skin?
What color LED is used to reduce hyperpigmentation?
What is the most common magnifying lamp magnification?
How long can a properly-maintained magnifying lamp last?
What color will thin or dehydrated skin appear as under a Wood's Lamp?
What type of skin has a blue-white appearance under a Wood's Lamp?
Normal, healthy skin
How many times should a brush machine be used on each area of the face?
Three times or for about three to five seconds
Wha tis considered to be the most important machine used in esthetics?
How far should steam be kept from the face when you are using a steamer?
How do mineral deposits commonly appear on a steamer?
White or yellow crusty film on the heating element
What can the vacuum machine be used tin place of during a facial service?
How should the vacuum be used on clients?
Slow horizontal movements on moistened or damp skin
What are the two most common types of electrodes used with the galvanic machine?
Flat and roller
What type of solution can be used as a desincrustation fluid for anaphoresis?
Baking soda in water
What does cataphoresis do?
Calm and soothe nerve endings
What is NOT a benefit of the high frequency machine?
Helps prevent coagulation
What color light should appear when using the large mushroom electrode of a high-frequency machine on normal to oily skin?
Rapid and interrupted current, flowing first in one direction and then in the opposite direction?
Alternating Current (AC)
Process of infusing a negative (alkaline) product into the skin?
Application of light rays to the skin for the treatment of acne, wrinkles, capillaries, pigmentation, or hair removal?
Any material that easily conducts electricity?
This indicates the negative or positive pole of an electric current?
This completes the circuit and carries the current safely away to the ground?
Constant, even-flowing current that travels in one direction only?
Direct current (DC)
Extremely low level of electricity that mirrors the body's own natural electrical impulses?
Substance that does not conduct electricity?
Process of infusing a positive (acid) product into the skin?
Part of the vacuum machine attached via a hose and used to gently mist the client's face?
Smooth, repetitive alternating current?
Infusion of a positive product?
Process of introducing ions of water-soluble products into the skin by using an electric current?
Atomizer designed to apply plant extracts and other ingredients to the skin?
Heat effect used for permanent hair removal?
Atom or molecule that carries an electrical charge?
Apparatus that utilizes an alternating current and produces a heat effect?
What body system do vascular lesions involve?
What type of lesions are lesions in the early stages of development or change?
What type of lesions change the structure of tissue or organs?
Where do steatomas usually appear?
Scalp, neck, and back
What color dye is a common allergen that causes allergic contact dermatitis?
What causes the itchy feeling that often accompanies contact dermatitis?
What is the biggest external cause of pigmentation disorders?
What color pigmentation is associated with pregnancy mask?
How often should people visit a physician to check for cancerous lesions?
Once a year
What statement about acne is true?
Acne is hereditary
Where are sebaceous filaments often found?
What does adrenaline help the body to do?
Cope with stressful events
What is NOT an example of a food that can irritate acne?
What grade of acne is cystic acne?
What is a potential side effect of using Tretinoin (Retin-A)?
You should never work on any skin condition you do not recognize?
Estheticians are trained to diagnose and treat skin disorders and diseases?
Acne pustules in hair follicles are infections?
A closed comedo forms when the opening of the follicles are blocked with debris and white cells?
Sebaceous hyperplasia lesions can be removed by extractions?
Anhidrosis requires medical treatment?
Folliculitis is a common condition in men?
Psoriasis can be spread by irritating the affected area?
An allergic reaction occurs when the immune system mistakes a toxic substance for a nontoxic substance?
Initial exposure to an allergen does not always cause an allergic reaction?
A tan is basically visible skin and cell damage?
If a client has a hair in a mole, you should simply pluck it out?
Skin cancer risk increases with cumulative UV sun exposure?
Tanning in a tanning bed is considered a safe way to tan?
Malignant melanoma cannot metastasize?
Infrequent, intense UV exposure may cause a higher risk for melanoma than chronic continuous exposure does?
Bacteria in the follicles can only live if oxygen is present?
Sebum soothes the follicles, preventing inflammation?
Adult acne is more common in males than females?
Moisturizers and sunscreens that are oil-in-water emulsion are preferred over those that are water-in-oil emulsions?
Redness caused by inflammation?
Acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, resulting in the eruption of red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excessive heat exposure?
Inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, dilation of blood vessels, and in severe cases, the formation of papules and pustules?
Razor bumps without the pus or infection?
Inflammatory skin condition caused by an allergic reaction from contact with a substance or chemical?
Skin condition characterized by inflammation, dry or oily, scaling or crusting, and/or itchiness?
White, yellow, or flesh-colored benign lesions frequently seen in oilier areas of the face?
Acne-like condition around the mouth, consisting mainly of small cluster of papules?
Capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger, or distended blood vessels?
Excessive perspiration caused by heat, genetics, medications, or medical conditions?
Dilation of the blood vessels?
Chronic, relapsing form of dermatitis?
Swelling from a fluid imbalance in the cells or from a response to injury, infection, or medication?
Itchy skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white-silver scales?
Deficiency in perspiration due to failure of the sweat glands?
What is NOT a characteristic of mineral oil?
Preservatives must be added to keep it fresh and potent over time
What is a characteristic of fatty alcohols?
What are the main types of surfactants used in skin-cleansing products?
What type of color agent is zinc oxide?
What are alpha hydroxy acids (AHA's) and beta hydroxy acids (BHA's) commonly used as?
What term refers to ingredients designed to dissolve keratin proteins on the surface of the skin to make it softer and smoother?
What is NOT a function of antioxidants?
Promoting the development of free radicals
What is an example of an inorganic physical sunscreen?
How must ingredients be listed on a cosmetic label?
Descending order of predominance
How should products be stored to make them last longer?
In dark containers in cooler temperatures
What term refers to closed-lipid bilayer spheres that encapsulate ingredients, targeting their delivery to specific tissues of the skin?
What substance is an inorganic salt used as a buffering agent, neutralizer, and pH adjuster?
What is NOT a property of urea?
Acts as a sunscreen
What is a primary benefit of carrot?
What is licorice used for?
Treating sensitive skin
What ingredient cools skin, constricts capillaries, has refreshing properties, and contains menthol?
What is an example of an essential oil that is used as an astringent?
What is the primary property of sandalwood oil?
What is a primary property of eucalyptus?
What is an example of a plant that has healing properties?
What is NOT a benefit of honey?
What is an example of a mildly comedogenic cosmetic ingredient?
What is an example of a moderately comedogenic cosmetic ingredient?
What is an example of a noncomedogenic cosmetic ingredient?
What is NOT an example of an ingredient recommended for use on mature skin and rosacea?
What statement about skin cleansers is true?
They may contain ingredients to counteract various skin problems
What term refers to a detergent-type "foaming" cleanser with a neutral or slightly acid pH?
What do paraffin masks do?
Plump and soften the skin
How often should moisturizers be used?
Twice a day
How often should clients exfoliate at home?
once or twice a week
Estheticians cannot make claims that a product or treatment can affect the structure or function of the skin?
The FDA requires that a cosmetic product cannot be labeled "organic" it it contains any preservatives?
It can be difficult to predict how a certain product will work for an individual because product testing varies and product chemistry is complicated?
All emollients and oils are comedogenic?
Without emulsifiers, oil and water would separate into layers?
Essential oils are often used for their natural fragrance?
Sun protection is unnecessary when using chemical exfoliants?
A well-planned skin care program can reverse major damage caused by aging?
Skin contains it's own natural Epidermal Growth Factors (EGFs)
Peptides are highly irritating and should never be applied to aging skin?
A physician must be treating anyone using retinoids?
Physical sunscreens are organic compounds that chemically absorb ultraviolet radiation?
Certain synthetic ingredients are effective cell renewal stimulants?
Products that are considered "green" are less sustainable than traditional products?
If the client complains of burning after you have applied a product to the skin, you should immediately remove the product and rinse the skin with cold water?
All alcohols used in cosmetic products are drying?
Synthetically produced oils have the same or greater therapeutic value than natural oils?
Pure oils are powerful and can irritate the skin or the senses if overused?
The body's olfactory system gives us our sense of touch?
Exfoliating the skin can treat a variety of skin problems and is necessary for healthy skin?
Unlike enzymes, AHAs digest only the dead cells on the surface of the skin?
Gell masks should only be used on normal or oily skin?
Algae and seaweed masks are commonly retailed for home use?
Eye creams are usually thicker to protect thin, delicate tissue?
Moisturizers are formulated with humectants that attract water to the skin?
Oil-free, light lotions that will not clog pores are available for oily skin?
With sunscreen, doubling the SPF from 15 to 30 doubles the protection?
Most self-tanners offer sunscreen protection?
Retailing products is solely about making sales?
Knowing the daily skin care steps for maintaining healthy skin is necessary in making product recommendations?
These have a higher alcohol content and are designed fro use on normal and combination skin to tighten the skin?
Popular herb and oil used for aromatherapy and calming?
Concentrated ingredients that target specific skin conditions?
Ancient healing practice using essential oils and aromas from plants to treat the body, mind, and spirit?
The use of products such as AHAs to dissolve dead skin cells and the intercellular matrix or "glue" that holds them together?
This comes for the hamamelis shrub and is good for toning the skin?
These have the highest alcohol content and are used for oily and acne-prone skin, but can be too drying and should be used carefully?
Widely-used noncomedogenic oil derived from a desert shrub and used for healing?
Small, sealed vials containing a single application of highly concentrated extracts in a water or oil base?
These involve the use of keratolytic enzymes, which help speed up the breakdown of keratin?
These have a lower alcohol content and are beneficial for dry and mature skin, as well as for sensitive skin?
Physically rubbing dead cells off of the skin?
One of the most common ingredients in skin care products, used for dry, aging skin?
This uses ingredients such as herbs, vitamins, and oils combined with clay, seaweed, or hydrating bases that treat the skin?
Plant extract used for sensitive skin?
What is the FIRST step in performing services?
Planning and preparing the treatment room
What type of equipment is used to analyze the skin and to perform detail work such as tweezing?
What should be located in each treatment room for disinfecting tools and equipment?
What is an example of a facial supply?
What is an example of a single-use item?
What are the three components of the three-part procedure?
Pre-service, actual service, and post-service
How long doesit typically take to clean up after a service?
What type of water should be used in the steamer?
What is the FIRST thing you should do when setting up your supplies?
Wash your hands with soap and water
What should you use to remove implements from the container of disinfectant solution
What should you do when disinfecting the equipment and facial room?
Remove all used items from the inside of the towel warmer
What should you do with soiled gloves?
Seal them in a plastic bag and place it in a covered waste container
What should you do when cleaning and preparing the treatment room at the end of the day?
Refill the steamer
What should do NEXT after checking the water level on the vaporizer when preparing the facial room?
Replace any disposable implements you man need
When should you ask the client if you can schedule the next appointment?
After the client has paid for the service and take-home products
To function effectively and provide good service, you must maintain a well-stocked and organized treatment room?
Your appearance, hygiene, and professionalism reflect on the salon for which you work?
Relaxing colors, music and decor are preferable in a spa?
A UV sanitizer is used to disinfect tools?
The wax heater is usually kept activated throughout the day even if no clients have scheduled waxing services?
When using an electric blanket, it should always be placed beneath the bed linens, not on top?
When preparing the treatment room, the supply cart should be arranged as close to the facial table as possible?
Whenever possible, you should soak your implements in disinfectant solution longer than the recommended time to ensure proper disinfection?
In most spas and salons there are custodians who are responsible for the cleanliness of the treatment rooms?
Businesses that strive to be sustainable are more balanced, healthy, and successful?
Greening a business often strains relations between employees and customers?
One way to green up the facial room is to buy fewer disposable supplies?
Having dependable equipment makes services more reliable?
The equipment, products, and supplies you select do not significantly affect overhead and the cost of providing services?
Some areas require that you use single-use, throw-away cups instead of washable drinking glasses?
One way to green your business it to print brochures rather than focus on Internet marketing?
Plastic is much easier to recycle than glass?
If the client has a complaint or concern during the post-service, you should be defensive and try to protect the salon's reputation?
If you reuse jars for dispensing creams from a bulk container, you should always use up the entire content of the small jar before replenishing?
When making cleansing pads, you should always cut the roll of cotton rather than tear it to ensure clean edges?
This is also called an operator's stool?
This is placed under the knees and is used for back support?
This is used for the disposal of lancets?
This is used to help clients get on and off the table safely?
This is also known as a hot cabbie
This may be a stationary table or a roll cart?
This is also called a facial chair or bed?
Separate room for mixing products and storing supplies?
Sterilizer for implements?
This is used to warm and soften skin?
Cleaning and then sterilizing?
Decontaminations Method 2
Study of adapting work conditions to suit the worker?
Forward-thinking consumers who consider the impact on the environment and society when making purchansing decisions?
Main ingredients in performing services?
Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs?
To prevent this, you should roll the used side of linens and sheets inward so the dirty side is inside the laundry bundle?
Cleaning and then disinfecting with an appropriated EPA-registered disinfectant?
Decontamination Method 1
This included being a self-starter and taking the initiative to prepare the treatment room?
Buying less to reduce waste?
Multiuse tools such as brushes,tweezers, and comedone extractors?
What is a benefit of facial treatments?
Slows down premature aging
What should you do to be successful and maintain client loyalty?
Be aware of the amount of pressure you apply to the face
What is an example of a single-use item?
What item is considered equipment?
What parts of the body are usually bare for facials?
Neck and shoulders
How many extra minutes should you schedule for a client's first visit?
What step comes next after softening the clients's skin with steamer or warm towels when performing a basic facial?
What product is applied LAST when performing a basic facial?
Moisturizers and sunscreen
What is NOT a contraindication for a facial?
What type of cleanser should you use during the cleansing and analysis portion of a facial?
How far should the steamer nozzle be held from the client's skin?
How should you massage products be applied?
warm, with fingertips
How often should clients schedule facial services?
Once a month
How long should the exfoliation or mask portion of a facial last?
What portion of the facial last the longest?
What should you do after performing a facial treatment?
Remove the dirty linens and remake the bed
What is a focus of the American Beauty Industry?
Advanced performance ingredients
What is NOT a step that can be omitted when performing a mini-facial?
How long should the mask be applied for when performing a mini-facial?
What is a treatment goal for mature skin?
What is the characteristic feature of seborrhea?
Excessively oily skin
What type of cleanser is recommended for a sensitive skin treatment?
What type of mask is recommended for acne?
What does an oxygen therapy treatment do?
What should clients with acne do as apart of their home care routine?
Use a foaming cleanser with an exfoliant
Where must you apply pressure when performing extractions to achieve optimum success?
Skin surrounding the follicular wall
What part of the face has slanted follicular shafts?
What type of product should you recommend for male clients?
How much water-soluble cleansing lotion should you apply to your fingers when preparing to cleanse the client's skin for a facial?
How many times should you pass over each area when applying cleanser to the client's skin?
What is the FIRST thing you should do when performing a facial, after completely the pre-service procedure?
Cleanse your hands and apply warm towels
How long should you use the steamer during a standard facial treatment?
When using a lancet for extractions, at what angle should it be inserted?
Where should you apply paraffin wax to test it's temperature?
Inside of your wrist
How long should you leave a paraffin wax application on a client's skin during a facial treatment?
Massage techniques and your touch, pressure, and flow in the facial are valuable parts of your skills?
As an esthetician, you should strive to attend at least one esthetics class or conference every month?
Clay-lifting masks are hydrating, but do not make exfoliation any easier?
Exfoliation is most effective when performed at the end of a facial treatment?
When using a paraffin mask, the treatment cream should be applied on top of the mask?
Products with performance ingredients are more effective when left on the skin?
Clients must actively participate in their own skin care program in order to achieve results?
All facials are designed to be stimulating?
Aging skin often lacks elasticity?
Stimulating and drying products are ideal for clients with sensitive skin?
Brighteners such as kojic acid, mulberry, and licorice root are less effective when used with AHAs and BHAs?
Acne facial treatments can significantly affect the skin's appearance?
Clients with acne need to follow regular skin care programs?
BHAs are stronger than AHAs?
Products that are oil-free are always noncomedogenic?
Practicing stress reduction and good nutrition can be beneficial for clients with acne?
All home care includes an analysis of lifestyle to help clients better understand what some of their triggers might be?
It is appropriate to tell clients that you can always remove all blemishes during a single treatment?
It is necessary to open closed lesions?
Massage is recommended as part of an acne facial?
Men need the same skin care programs that women do, but most men will want to use a greater number of products?
When removing eye makeup, you should rinse under the eyes, sweeping in toward the nose?
When applying a cleansing product, you should not lift your hands from the client's face until you are finished?
When removing product, you should cleanse the area directly underneath the nose by using upward strokes.
When removing product from the neck and chest, you should try to use both hands at the same time on each side?
Exfoliation must always be performed immediately after steaming?
When applying a mask to the jawline, you should apply it from the center outward?
When performing extractions, you must be careful not to press down too firmly on the clients's nose?
Used lancets should always be wrapped in cotton and thrown away in a covered wastebasket?
When applying paraffin, you should use a new spatula or brush for each layer to avoid contamination by double-dipping?
These seal in moisture and protect the barrier layer of the skin?
These should be placed on the client's face while you analyze the skin?
This is placed under the knees to support the back?
Long-range plan involving home care, salon treatments, and client education?
Skin care program
these finish the cleansing process by removing any products left on the skin and help balance the skin's pH?
Professional service designed to improve and rejuvenate skin?
Manually removing impurities and comedone form follicles?
Concentrated ingredients used for specific corrective treatments?
This should be used to complete a thorough analysis after cleansing?
This is used to warm the skin and promote penetration of ingredients deeper into the skin through the heat trapped under it?
What is a benefit of massage?
Helps slough off dead skin cells
How long should a facial massage be performed during a facial?
What is NOT a contraindication for facial massage?
What is the most stimulating form of massage?
When should the Dr. Jacquet movement be performed as part of the facial treatment?
What is an effect of reflexology?
Where should you perform kneading type movements?
What should you do when performing a standard relaxing massage?
Warm the product before applying it
What should you do during a standard facial massage when your fingers reach the client's temple?
Pause for a moment and apply slight pressure
Where should you NOT perform tapping movements during a facial massage?
It is very important for estheticians to know the contraindications for massage?
Estheticians are allowed by law to perform many types of massage, including deep tissue work?
Massage should not be performed as part of back facials or body treatments?
Massage therapists should not be performing facial treatments?
You should use the ends of your fingers tips when performing effleurage?
Vibration should be performed for at least one minute on each area of the face being massaged?
Most massage techniques are based on Swedish massage movements?
Every muscle has a motor point where pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of that muscle, nerve stimulation, and overall relaxation?
Pressure point massage is a form of effleurage?
When performing facial massage, an even tempo promotes relaxation?
Massage movements should be focused on using pressure so that the direction of blood flow is moved away from the heart, toward the extremities?
When performing a cleansing massage, you should use a deep-penetrating cream?
Appropriate massage movements are based on the anatomy of the facial structure, nerves, and muscles?
You should use moderate-to-heavy pressure when making downward movements on the side of the face?
You should use tapping movements when transitioning from the underside of the chin to the right cheek.
Portion of the muscle at the fixed attachment?
Type of massage that uses gentle, rhythmic pressure on the lymphatic system to detoxify and remove waste materials from the body more quickly?
Manual lymph drainage
Portion of the muscle at the more movable attachment
Technique of applying pressure to the feet based on a system of zones and areas on the feet that directly correspond to the anatomy of the body?
This keeps the sebum moving forward and out of the follicles?
Dr. Jacquet movement
Japanese technique that uses acupressure massage points to relax and balance the body?
Oriental technique of applying pressure to specific points of the body to release muscle tension, restore balance, and stimulate chi?
Manual or mechanical manipulation by rubbing, kneading, or other methods that stimulate metabolism and circulations?
Chopping movement performed with the edges of the hands in massage?
Form of friction in which you grasp the flesh firmly in one hand, and move up and down along the bone while the other hands keeps the arm in a steady position?
Soft, continuous stroking movement applied with the fingers and palms in a slow and rhythmic manner?
Rapid shaking movement in which the technician uses their body, not just fingertips, to create the movement?
Rubbing movement that involves maintaining pressure on the skin while the fingers or palms are moved over the underlying structures?
Form of friction that involves vigorous movement with the hands placed a small distance apart on both sides of the arm?
Kneading movements that stimulates the underlying tissues?
Massage movements in which the wrists are kept flexible so that the palms come in contact with the skin in light, firm, and rapid strokes?
Form of acupressure that may be used in conjunction with effleurage?
Form of friction used on the arms and legs to apply pressure to the tissues?
Form of massage that consist of fast tapping, patting, and hacking movements?
Form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out?
What is the outermost layer of the hair shaft?
What is NOT one of the three main structures of the hair follicle?
Papilla, root, bulb?
Main structures of the hair follicle
During what phase of hair growth should hair be removed for the MOST effective for long-term hair reduction?
*ACT; anagen, catagen, telogen, latent
What is NOT a method of electrolysis?
*Galvanic, Thermolysis, Blend are all forms of electrolysis
What is the main method of depilation?
What is NOT a form in which hard waxes are available?
*Blocks, pellets, disks
What is the main disadvantage of soft wax?
Can irritate the skin
What should you use to spread a thin coat of wax on a client's leg?
Hard plastic or metal spatula
What is an appropriate size for a wax strip for the underarm area?
What is NOT an example of a recent treatment or product use that is a contraindication for waxing?
What should you do when performing wax treatments?
Do a small patch test of the wax product to be used
What is the SHORTEST length that you should trim hair before waxing?
What should you do at the end of a waxing service?
Apply a cold compress with baking soda mixed in water to sensitive skin
What should you NOT do when waxing a client's brow?
Pluck stray hairs if the client's brows are uneven or too thin
What type of bikini waxing involves the removal of hair outside the normal bikini line?
*French is landing strip, Brazilian is all
How long do body waxing procedures usually take?
How long does it take to melt soft wax if the wax holder ia about a quarter to half full?
*Full takes a 30 minutes
At what angle should you hold the spatula when applying soft wax?
How long should you press your finger to the waxed area immediately after removing the wax?
What should you do before applying wax to the client's leg if the skin is dry and flaky?
Apply a tiny amount of lotion
All follicles contain hair?
Follicles extend deep into the dermis?
As our bodies grow, the follicle density we are born with does not change, but as we age it decreases?
The matrix is where cell mitosis happens?
Moderate amounts of sebaceous oil are necessary for healthy skin and hair?
Two hairs cannot occupy the same follicle?
Hair becomes easier to remove after it grays?
Hair and skin are good barometers of an individual's state of health?
Laser and photo light forms of hair removal are commonly performed in salons and spas?
Light hair responds better to laser treatments than coarse, dark hair?
Threading is more sanitary than waxing?
Threading is mainly used for the legs and arms?
Sugaring paste can be used over and over on the same client until the hair left in the product interferes with the process?
Hard wax requires fabric strips for removal?
You should never double-dip a waxing spatula under any circumstances?
Spot bleeding after waxing is normal?
Every client must fill out a release form for the hair removal service you are going to provide?
Soft wax should be applied in the direction of the hair growth?
When using hard wax, it is best to have the pull tab end in an area where there is hair underneath?
You should immediately put your hand over the waxed area after removing hard wax from the client's skin?
Waxing is recommended for removing hair from the edges of male clients' ears?f
When removing soft wax, you should pull straight up on the strip?
It is safe to reuse wax on different clients because heating it kills all microorganisms, rendering it sterile?
Back waxing generally requires more wax strips due to the hair density?
It is normal for hives and redness to appear after waxing a client's back?
Very fine, soft hair such as that which grows on women's cheeks?
Cone-shaped elevation at the base of the follicle?
Scientific study of hair and it's diseases?
The part of the hair located about the surface of the skin?
Longer, coarser hair found on the head, brows, lashes, genitals, arms, and legs?
Thick, club-shaped structure made from epithelial cells that surround the papilla?
Extremely soft and downy hair on a fetus?
This anchors hair to the skin cells and is part of the hair located at the bottom of the follicle below the surface of the skin?
This contains the hair follicle and it's appendages?
Mass of epidermal cells forming a small tube or canal?
Process of twisting and rolling cotton thread along the surface of the skin to entwine hair and lift it out of the follicle?
Process that uses intense light to destroy the growth cells of the hair bulb?
Excessive growth of hair where it does not normally grow?
Usually a caustic alkali preparation used for temporarily removing superfluous hair?
Process of removing hair from the bottom of the follicle by breaking contact between the bulb and the papilla?
Excessive hair growth on the face, arms, and legs, especially in women?
Final, or resting, stage of hair growth?
Infected follicles or ingrown hairs from shaving or other hair removal methods, such as waxing?
Ancient method of hair removal that uses a water soluble solution that is easily removed, and is an alternative for clients with sensitive skin who react to waxing?
Process of removing hair by means of electricity?
Growth stage during which new hair is produces?
Process of removing hair at or near the level of the skin?
Process that destroys the hair by coagulating the papilla through heat?
Transition stage of hair growth?
Process that produces a quick "flash" of light to shatter the target without allowing heat to build up and burn the surrounding skin?
(IPL) Intense Pulse Light