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Flashcards in Fire Final Deck (461):
1

What term refers to the simplest form of chemical matter?

Element

2

How are elements identified?

By letter symbols

3

What is it called when a chemical changes its state but not it's composition?

Physical change

4

What is an example of a liquid?

Serum

5

What is the most abundant element found on earth?

Oxygen

6

What is the general composition of air by volume?

One part oxygen and four parts nitrogen

7

What is the most commonly used cosmetic ingredient?

Water

8

What is the range of the pH scale?

0-14

9

What does ionization create?

Two new ions with opposite electrical charges

10

What color does a base turn red litmus paper?

Blue

11

A pH of eight is _____ times more alkaline than a pH of seven?

10

12

What is a characteristic of suspension?

Slightly miscible

13

How long should a properly-stored emulsion remain stable?

Three years

14

What is an example of an oil-in-water emulsion?

Moisturizing lotion

15

Estheticians work with chemistry ever day?

T

16

Understanding chemistry helps you to understand how to layer products in services?

T

17

Inorganic substances are flammable?

F

18

The atoms of each element are different in structure from the atoms of all other elements?

T

19

Atoms can be divided into simpler substances by ordinary chemical means?

F

20

Most water is pure?

F

21

It may not be beneficial to the skin for the esthetician to cross over in product lines when providing services?

T

22

When a substance is oxidized, the oxidizer is always reduced?

T

23

Suspensions contain smaller particles than solutions do?

F

24

A disadvantage of oil-in-water emulsions is that they will not easily rinse away with water?

F

25

Uniform mixture of two or more substances

Solution

26

Combination of two or more substances that are united physically, in any proportions with combined properties

Physical mixture

27

These have neither a definite size nor a definite shape

Gases

28

Unstable mixture of two or more immiscible substances

Suspensions

29

Chemical reaction in which the oxidizing agent is reduced and the reducing agent is oxidized

Redox reaction

30

Droplets of water dispersed in an oil

Water-in-oil emulsion

31

These have definite size but not a definite shape

Liquids

32

Substances with a pH below 7.0

Acids

33

These are used to emulsify oil and water

Surfactants

34

Characteristics that can be determined only with a chemical reaction and that cause a chemical change in the identity of the substance

Chemical properties

35

Droplets of oil dispersed in water with the aid of an emulsifying agent

Oil-in-water emulsion

36

Characteristics that can be determined without a chemical reaction and that do not cause a chemical change in the identity of the substance

Physical properties

37

Rapid oxidation of a substance, accompanied by the production of heat and light

Combustion

38

These have a definite size and a definite shape

Solids

39

Also known as bases have a pH above 7.0

Alkalis

40

What is an example of a good insulator?

Rubber

41

What is an example of a device that uses alternating current (AC)?

Magnifying lamp

42

What is the unit that measures the amount of an electric current (the number of electrons flowing through a conductor)?

Ampere

43

How many watts are in a kilowatt?

1,000

44

What should you do when using electrical equipment?

Read all instructions carefully before attempting to use new equipment

45

What color is typically used to indicate that an electrode is a cathode?

Black

46

What does anaphoresis do?

Stimulate and irritate the nerves

47

What is NOT a benefit of using Tesla high-frequency current?

Decreases elimination and absorption

48

Who holds the tube electrode with the indirect method of application for high-frequency current?

Client

49

What is a characteristic of short wavelengths?

Penetrate less

50

What type of light is a combination of all the visible rays of the spectrum?

White

51

What type of ultraviolet (UV) rays are known as the burning light?

UVB

52

What is NOT a benefit of LED treatments?

Shrink melanomas

53

What color LED is used to improve elastin production in the skin?

Red

54

What color LED is used to reduce hyperpigmentation?

Green

55

What is the most common magnifying lamp magnification?

Five diopters

56

How long can a properly-maintained magnifying lamp last?

10 years

57

What color will thin or dehydrated skin appear as under a Wood's Lamp?

Light violet

58

What type of skin has a blue-white appearance under a Wood's Lamp?

Normal, healthy skin

59

How many times should a brush machine be used on each area of the face?

Three times or for about three to five seconds

60

Wha tis considered to be the most important machine used in esthetics?

Steamer

61

How far should steam be kept from the face when you are using a steamer?

15-18"

62

How do mineral deposits commonly appear on a steamer?

White or yellow crusty film on the heating element

63

What can the vacuum machine be used tin place of during a facial service?

Massage

64

How should the vacuum be used on clients?

Slow horizontal movements on moistened or damp skin

65

What are the two most common types of electrodes used with the galvanic machine?

Flat and roller

66

What type of solution can be used as a desincrustation fluid for anaphoresis?

Baking soda in water

67

What does cataphoresis do?

Calm and soothe nerve endings

68

What is NOT a benefit of the high frequency machine?

Helps prevent coagulation

69

What color light should appear when using the large mushroom electrode of a high-frequency machine on normal to oily skin?

Violet

70

Rapid and interrupted current, flowing first in one direction and then in the opposite direction?

Alternating Current (AC)

71

Process of infusing a negative (alkaline) product into the skin?

Anaphoresis

72

Positive electrode?

Anode

73

Application of light rays to the skin for the treatment of acne, wrinkles, capillaries, pigmentation, or hair removal?

Light therapy

74

Any material that easily conducts electricity?

Conductor

75

This indicates the negative or positive pole of an electric current?

Polarity

76

This completes the circuit and carries the current safely away to the ground?

Ground connection

77

Constant, even-flowing current that travels in one direction only?

Direct current (DC)

78

Extremely low level of electricity that mirrors the body's own natural electrical impulses?

Microcurrent

79

Negative electrode?

Cathode

80

Substance that does not conduct electricity?

Insulator

81

Process of infusing a positive (acid) product into the skin?

Cataphoresis

82

Part of the vacuum machine attached via a hose and used to gently mist the client's face?

Spray machine

83

Smooth, repetitive alternating current?

Sinusoidal

84

Infusion of a positive product?

Cataphoresis

85

Process of introducing ions of water-soluble products into the skin by using an electric current?

Iontophoresis

86

Atomizer designed to apply plant extracts and other ingredients to the skin?

Lucas Sprayer

87

Heat effect used for permanent hair removal?

Thermolysis

88

Atom or molecule that carries an electrical charge?

Ion

89

Apparatus that utilizes an alternating current and produces a heat effect?

High-frequency machine

90

What body system do vascular lesions involve?

Circulatory

91

What type of lesions are lesions in the early stages of development or change?

Primary

92

What type of lesions change the structure of tissue or organs?

Secondary

93

Where do steatomas usually appear?

Scalp, neck, and back

94

What color dye is a common allergen that causes allergic contact dermatitis?

Red

95

What causes the itchy feeling that often accompanies contact dermatitis?

Histamines

96

What is the biggest external cause of pigmentation disorders?

Sun exposure

97

What color pigmentation is associated with pregnancy mask?

Brown

98

How often should people visit a physician to check for cancerous lesions?

Once a year

99

What statement about acne is true?

Acne is hereditary

100

Where are sebaceous filaments often found?

Nose

101

What does adrenaline help the body to do?

Cope with stressful events

102

What is NOT an example of a food that can irritate acne?

Apples

103

What grade of acne is cystic acne?

IV

104

What is a potential side effect of using Tretinoin (Retin-A)?

Photosensitivity

105

You should never work on any skin condition you do not recognize?

T

106

Estheticians are trained to diagnose and treat skin disorders and diseases?

F

107

Acne pustules in hair follicles are infections?

F

108

A closed comedo forms when the opening of the follicles are blocked with debris and white cells?

T

109

Sebaceous hyperplasia lesions can be removed by extractions?

F

110

Anhidrosis requires medical treatment?

T

111

Folliculitis is a common condition in men?

T

112

Psoriasis can be spread by irritating the affected area?

T

113

An allergic reaction occurs when the immune system mistakes a toxic substance for a nontoxic substance?

F

114

Initial exposure to an allergen does not always cause an allergic reaction?

T

115

A tan is basically visible skin and cell damage?

T

116

If a client has a hair in a mole, you should simply pluck it out?

F

117

Skin cancer risk increases with cumulative UV sun exposure?

T

118

Tanning in a tanning bed is considered a safe way to tan?

F

119

Malignant melanoma cannot metastasize?

F

120

Infrequent, intense UV exposure may cause a higher risk for melanoma than chronic continuous exposure does?

T

121

Bacteria in the follicles can only live if oxygen is present?

F

122

Sebum soothes the follicles, preventing inflammation?

F

123

Adult acne is more common in males than females?

F

124

Moisturizers and sunscreens that are oil-in-water emulsion are preferred over those that are water-in-oil emulsions?

T

125

Redness caused by inflammation?

Ertythema

126

Acute inflammatory disorder of the sweat glands, resulting in the eruption of red vesicles and burning, itching skin from excessive heat exposure?

Malaria Rubra

127

Inflammation of the skin characterized by redness, dilation of blood vessels, and in severe cases, the formation of papules and pustules?

Rosacea

128

Razor bumps without the pus or infection?

Pseudofolliculitis

129

Inflammatory skin condition caused by an allergic reaction from contact with a substance or chemical?

Contact dermatitis

130

Skin condition characterized by inflammation, dry or oily, scaling or crusting, and/or itchiness?

Seborrheic dermatitis

131

White, yellow, or flesh-colored benign lesions frequently seen in oilier areas of the face?

Sebaceous hyperplasia

132

Acne-like condition around the mouth, consisting mainly of small cluster of papules?

Perioral dermatitis

133

Capillaries that have been damaged and are now larger, or distended blood vessels?

Telangiectasia

134

Excessive perspiration caused by heat, genetics, medications, or medical conditions?

Hyperhidrosis

135

Dilation of the blood vessels?

Vasodilation

136

Chronic, relapsing form of dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis

137

Swelling from a fluid imbalance in the cells or from a response to injury, infection, or medication?

Edema

138

Itchy skin disease characterized by red patches covered with white-silver scales?

Psoriasis

139

Deficiency in perspiration due to failure of the sweat glands?

Anhidrosis

140

What is NOT a characteristic of mineral oil?

Preservatives must be added to keep it fresh and potent over time

141

What is a characteristic of fatty alcohols?

Wax-like consistency

142

What are the main types of surfactants used in skin-cleansing products?

Detergents

143

What type of color agent is zinc oxide?

Exempt color

144

What are alpha hydroxy acids (AHA's) and beta hydroxy acids (BHA's) commonly used as?

Exfoliants

145

What term refers to ingredients designed to dissolve keratin proteins on the surface of the skin to make it softer and smoother?

Enzymes

146

What is NOT a function of antioxidants?

Promoting the development of free radicals

147

What is an example of an inorganic physical sunscreen?

Titanium dioxide

148

How must ingredients be listed on a cosmetic label?

Descending order of predominance

149

How should products be stored to make them last longer?

In dark containers in cooler temperatures

150

What term refers to closed-lipid bilayer spheres that encapsulate ingredients, targeting their delivery to specific tissues of the skin?

Liposomes

151

What substance is an inorganic salt used as a buffering agent, neutralizer, and pH adjuster?

Sodium bicarbonate

152

What is NOT a property of urea?

Acts as a sunscreen

153

What is a primary benefit of carrot?

Antioxidant

154

What is licorice used for?

Treating sensitive skin

155

What ingredient cools skin, constricts capillaries, has refreshing properties, and contains menthol?

Peppermint

156

What is an example of an essential oil that is used as an astringent?

Orange

157

What is the primary property of sandalwood oil?

Soothing

158

What is a primary property of eucalyptus?

Stimulating

159

What is an example of a plant that has healing properties?

Chamomile

160

What is NOT a benefit of honey?

Soothing?

161

What is an example of a mildly comedogenic cosmetic ingredient?

Lanolin

162

What is an example of a moderately comedogenic cosmetic ingredient?

Peanut oil

163

What is an example of a noncomedogenic cosmetic ingredient?

Petrolatum

164

What is NOT an example of an ingredient recommended for use on mature skin and rosacea?

Rosemary oil

165

What statement about skin cleansers is true?

They may contain ingredients to counteract various skin problems

166

What term refers to a detergent-type "foaming" cleanser with a neutral or slightly acid pH?

Cleansing gel

167

What do paraffin masks do?

Plump and soften the skin

168

How often should moisturizers be used?

Twice a day

169

How often should clients exfoliate at home?

once or twice a week

170

Estheticians cannot make claims that a product or treatment can affect the structure or function of the skin?

T

171

The FDA requires that a cosmetic product cannot be labeled "organic" it it contains any preservatives?

F

172

It can be difficult to predict how a certain product will work for an individual because product testing varies and product chemistry is complicated?

T

173

All emollients and oils are comedogenic?

F

174

Without emulsifiers, oil and water would separate into layers?

T

175

Essential oils are often used for their natural fragrance?

T

176

Sun protection is unnecessary when using chemical exfoliants?

F

177

A well-planned skin care program can reverse major damage caused by aging?

F

178

Skin contains it's own natural Epidermal Growth Factors (EGFs)

T

179

Peptides are highly irritating and should never be applied to aging skin?

F

180

A physician must be treating anyone using retinoids?

T

181

Physical sunscreens are organic compounds that chemically absorb ultraviolet radiation?

F

182

Certain synthetic ingredients are effective cell renewal stimulants?

T

183

Products that are considered "green" are less sustainable than traditional products?

F

184

If the client complains of burning after you have applied a product to the skin, you should immediately remove the product and rinse the skin with cold water?

T

185

All alcohols used in cosmetic products are drying?

F

186

Synthetically produced oils have the same or greater therapeutic value than natural oils?

F

187

Pure oils are powerful and can irritate the skin or the senses if overused?

T

188

The body's olfactory system gives us our sense of touch?

F

189

Exfoliating the skin can treat a variety of skin problems and is necessary for healthy skin?

T

190

Unlike enzymes, AHAs digest only the dead cells on the surface of the skin?

F

191

Gell masks should only be used on normal or oily skin?

F

192

Algae and seaweed masks are commonly retailed for home use?

F

193

Eye creams are usually thicker to protect thin, delicate tissue?

T

194

Moisturizers are formulated with humectants that attract water to the skin?

F

195

Oil-free, light lotions that will not clog pores are available for oily skin?

T

196

With sunscreen, doubling the SPF from 15 to 30 doubles the protection?

F

197

Most self-tanners offer sunscreen protection?

F

198

Retailing products is solely about making sales?

F

199

Knowing the daily skin care steps for maintaining healthy skin is necessary in making product recommendations?

T

200

These have a higher alcohol content and are designed fro use on normal and combination skin to tighten the skin?

Toners

201

Popular herb and oil used for aromatherapy and calming?

Lavender

202

Concentrated ingredients that target specific skin conditions?

Serums

203

Ancient healing practice using essential oils and aromas from plants to treat the body, mind, and spirit?

Aromatherapy

204

The use of products such as AHAs to dissolve dead skin cells and the intercellular matrix or "glue" that holds them together?

Chemical exfoliation

205

This comes for the hamamelis shrub and is good for toning the skin?

Witch hazel

206

These have the highest alcohol content and are used for oily and acne-prone skin, but can be too drying and should be used carefully?

Astringents

207

Widely-used noncomedogenic oil derived from a desert shrub and used for healing?

Jojoba

208

Small, sealed vials containing a single application of highly concentrated extracts in a water or oil base?

Ampoules

209

These involve the use of keratolytic enzymes, which help speed up the breakdown of keratin?

Enzyme peels

210

These have a lower alcohol content and are beneficial for dry and mature skin, as well as for sensitive skin?

Fresheners

211

Physically rubbing dead cells off of the skin?

Mechanical exfoliation

212

One of the most common ingredients in skin care products, used for dry, aging skin?

Rose

213

This uses ingredients such as herbs, vitamins, and oils combined with clay, seaweed, or hydrating bases that treat the skin?

Masks

214

Plant extract used for sensitive skin?

Chamomile

215

What is the FIRST step in performing services?

Planning and preparing the treatment room

216

What type of equipment is used to analyze the skin and to perform detail work such as tweezing?

Magnifying lamp

217

What should be located in each treatment room for disinfecting tools and equipment?

Wet disinfectant

218

What is an example of a facial supply?

Mask brush

219

What is an example of a single-use item?

Nitrile gloves

220

What are the three components of the three-part procedure?

Pre-service, actual service, and post-service

221

How long doesit typically take to clean up after a service?

10-15 minutes

222

What type of water should be used in the steamer?

Distilled

223

What is the FIRST thing you should do when setting up your supplies?

Wash your hands with soap and water

224

What should you use to remove implements from the container of disinfectant solution

Tongs

225

What should you do when disinfecting the equipment and facial room?

Remove all used items from the inside of the towel warmer

226

What should you do with soiled gloves?

Seal them in a plastic bag and place it in a covered waste container

227

What should you do when cleaning and preparing the treatment room at the end of the day?

Refill the steamer

228

What should do NEXT after checking the water level on the vaporizer when preparing the facial room?

Replace any disposable implements you man need

229

When should you ask the client if you can schedule the next appointment?

After the client has paid for the service and take-home products

230

To function effectively and provide good service, you must maintain a well-stocked and organized treatment room?

T

231

Your appearance, hygiene, and professionalism reflect on the salon for which you work?

T

232

Relaxing colors, music and decor are preferable in a spa?

T

233

A UV sanitizer is used to disinfect tools?

F

234

The wax heater is usually kept activated throughout the day even if no clients have scheduled waxing services?

T

235

When using an electric blanket, it should always be placed beneath the bed linens, not on top?

F

236

When preparing the treatment room, the supply cart should be arranged as close to the facial table as possible?

T

237

Whenever possible, you should soak your implements in disinfectant solution longer than the recommended time to ensure proper disinfection?

F

238

In most spas and salons there are custodians who are responsible for the cleanliness of the treatment rooms?

F

239

Businesses that strive to be sustainable are more balanced, healthy, and successful?

T

240

Greening a business often strains relations between employees and customers?

F

241

One way to green up the facial room is to buy fewer disposable supplies?

T

242

Having dependable equipment makes services more reliable?

T

243

The equipment, products, and supplies you select do not significantly affect overhead and the cost of providing services?

F

244

Some areas require that you use single-use, throw-away cups instead of washable drinking glasses?

T

245

One way to green your business it to print brochures rather than focus on Internet marketing?

F

246

Plastic is much easier to recycle than glass?

F

247

If the client has a complaint or concern during the post-service, you should be defensive and try to protect the salon's reputation?

F

248

If you reuse jars for dispensing creams from a bulk container, you should always use up the entire content of the small jar before replenishing?

T

249

When making cleansing pads, you should always cut the roll of cotton rather than tear it to ensure clean edges?

F

250

This is also called an operator's stool?

Esthetician's chair

251

This is placed under the knees and is used for back support?

Bolster

252

This is used for the disposal of lancets?

Sharps container

253

This is used to help clients get on and off the table safely?

Step stool

254

This is also known as a hot cabbie

Towel warmer

255

This may be a stationary table or a roll cart?

Utility cart

256

This is also called a facial chair or bed?

Treatment table

257

Separate room for mixing products and storing supplies?

Dispensary

258

Sterilizer for implements?

Autoclave

259

This is used to warm and soften skin?

Steamer

260

Cleaning and then sterilizing?

Decontaminations Method 2

261

Study of adapting work conditions to suit the worker?

Ergonomics

262

Forward-thinking consumers who consider the impact on the environment and society when making purchansing decisions?

LOHAS

263

Main ingredients in performing services?

Products

264

Meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs?

Sustainability

265

To prevent this, you should roll the used side of linens and sheets inward so the dirty side is inside the laundry bundle?

Cross-contamination

266

Cleaning and then disinfecting with an appropriated EPA-registered disinfectant?

Decontamination Method 1

267

This included being a self-starter and taking the initiative to prepare the treatment room?

Professionalism

268

Buying less to reduce waste?

Precycling

269

Multiuse tools such as brushes,tweezers, and comedone extractors?

Implements

270

What is a benefit of facial treatments?

Slows down premature aging

271

What should you do to be successful and maintain client loyalty?

Be aware of the amount of pressure you apply to the face

272

What is an example of a single-use item?

Finger cots

273

What item is considered equipment?

Steamer

274

What parts of the body are usually bare for facials?

Neck and shoulders

275

How many extra minutes should you schedule for a client's first visit?

15 minutes

276

What step comes next after softening the clients's skin with steamer or warm towels when performing a basic facial?

Extractions

277

What product is applied LAST when performing a basic facial?

Moisturizers and sunscreen

278

What is NOT a contraindication for a facial?

Albinism

279

What type of cleanser should you use during the cleansing and analysis portion of a facial?

Milky

280

How far should the steamer nozzle be held from the client's skin?

18 inches

281

How should you massage products be applied?

warm, with fingertips

282

How often should clients schedule facial services?

Once a month

283

How long should the exfoliation or mask portion of a facial last?

8-10 minutes

284

What portion of the facial last the longest?

Massage

285

What should you do after performing a facial treatment?

Remove the dirty linens and remake the bed

286

What is a focus of the American Beauty Industry?

Advanced performance ingredients

287

What is NOT a step that can be omitted when performing a mini-facial?

Deep cleansing

288

How long should the mask be applied for when performing a mini-facial?

10 minutes

289

What is a treatment goal for mature skin?

Hydrating

290

What is the characteristic feature of seborrhea?

Excessively oily skin

291

What type of cleanser is recommended for a sensitive skin treatment?

Gentle

292

What type of mask is recommended for acne?

Sulfur

293

What does an oxygen therapy treatment do?

Reduce bacteria

294

What should clients with acne do as apart of their home care routine?

Use a foaming cleanser with an exfoliant

295

Where must you apply pressure when performing extractions to achieve optimum success?

Skin surrounding the follicular wall

296

What part of the face has slanted follicular shafts?

Cheeks

297

What type of product should you recommend for male clients?

Foaming cleansers

298

How much water-soluble cleansing lotion should you apply to your fingers when preparing to cleanse the client's skin for a facial?

1/2 tsp

299

How many times should you pass over each area when applying cleanser to the client's skin?

6 times

300

What is the FIRST thing you should do when performing a facial, after completely the pre-service procedure?

Cleanse your hands and apply warm towels

301

How long should you use the steamer during a standard facial treatment?

5-10 minutes

302

When using a lancet for extractions, at what angle should it be inserted?

35 degree

303

Where should you apply paraffin wax to test it's temperature?

Inside of your wrist

304

How long should you leave a paraffin wax application on a client's skin during a facial treatment?

15 minutes

305

Massage techniques and your touch, pressure, and flow in the facial are valuable parts of your skills?

T

306

As an esthetician, you should strive to attend at least one esthetics class or conference every month?

F

307

Clay-lifting masks are hydrating, but do not make exfoliation any easier?

F

308

Exfoliation is most effective when performed at the end of a facial treatment?

F

309

When using a paraffin mask, the treatment cream should be applied on top of the mask?

F

310

Products with performance ingredients are more effective when left on the skin?

T

311

Clients must actively participate in their own skin care program in order to achieve results?

T

312

All facials are designed to be stimulating?

F

313

Aging skin often lacks elasticity?

T

314

Stimulating and drying products are ideal for clients with sensitive skin?

F

315

Brighteners such as kojic acid, mulberry, and licorice root are less effective when used with AHAs and BHAs?

F

316

Acne facial treatments can significantly affect the skin's appearance?

T

317

Clients with acne need to follow regular skin care programs?

T

318

BHAs are stronger than AHAs?

F

319

Products that are oil-free are always noncomedogenic?

F

320

Practicing stress reduction and good nutrition can be beneficial for clients with acne?

T

321

All home care includes an analysis of lifestyle to help clients better understand what some of their triggers might be?

T

322

It is appropriate to tell clients that you can always remove all blemishes during a single treatment?

F

323

It is necessary to open closed lesions?

T

324

Massage is recommended as part of an acne facial?

F

325

Men need the same skin care programs that women do, but most men will want to use a greater number of products?

F

326

When removing eye makeup, you should rinse under the eyes, sweeping in toward the nose?

T

327

When applying a cleansing product, you should not lift your hands from the client's face until you are finished?

T

328

When removing product, you should cleanse the area directly underneath the nose by using upward strokes.

F

329

When removing product from the neck and chest, you should try to use both hands at the same time on each side?

T

330

Exfoliation must always be performed immediately after steaming?

F

331

When applying a mask to the jawline, you should apply it from the center outward?

T

332

When performing extractions, you must be careful not to press down too firmly on the clients's nose?

T

333

Used lancets should always be wrapped in cotton and thrown away in a covered wastebasket?

F

334

When applying paraffin, you should use a new spatula or brush for each layer to avoid contamination by double-dipping?

T

335

These seal in moisture and protect the barrier layer of the skin?

Moisturizers

336

These should be placed on the client's face while you analyze the skin?

Eye pads

337

This is placed under the knees to support the back?

Bolster

338

Long-range plan involving home care, salon treatments, and client education?

Skin care program

339

these finish the cleansing process by removing any products left on the skin and help balance the skin's pH?

Toners

340

Professional service designed to improve and rejuvenate skin?

Facial

341

Manually removing impurities and comedone form follicles?

Extraction

342

Concentrated ingredients used for specific corrective treatments?

Serums

343

This should be used to complete a thorough analysis after cleansing?

Magnifying lamp

344

This is used to warm the skin and promote penetration of ingredients deeper into the skin through the heat trapped under it?

Paraffin mask

345

What is a benefit of massage?

Helps slough off dead skin cells

346

How long should a facial massage be performed during a facial?

10-15 minutes

347

What is NOT a contraindication for facial massage?

Cancer

348

What is the most stimulating form of massage?

Tapotement

349

When should the Dr. Jacquet movement be performed as part of the facial treatment?

After desincrustation

350

What is an effect of reflexology?

Increases circulation

351

Where should you perform kneading type movements?

Shoulders

352

What should you do when performing a standard relaxing massage?

Warm the product before applying it

353

What should you do during a standard facial massage when your fingers reach the client's temple?

Pause for a moment and apply slight pressure

354

Where should you NOT perform tapping movements during a facial massage?

Eyeball

355

It is very important for estheticians to know the contraindications for massage?

T

356

Estheticians are allowed by law to perform many types of massage, including deep tissue work?

F

357

Massage should not be performed as part of back facials or body treatments?

T

358

Massage therapists should not be performing facial treatments?

T

359

You should use the ends of your fingers tips when performing effleurage?

F

360

Vibration should be performed for at least one minute on each area of the face being massaged?

F

361

Most massage techniques are based on Swedish massage movements?

T

362

Every muscle has a motor point where pressure or stimulation will cause contraction of that muscle, nerve stimulation, and overall relaxation?

T

363

Pressure point massage is a form of effleurage?

F

364

When performing facial massage, an even tempo promotes relaxation?

T

365

Massage movements should be focused on using pressure so that the direction of blood flow is moved away from the heart, toward the extremities?

F

366

When performing a cleansing massage, you should use a deep-penetrating cream?

F

367

Appropriate massage movements are based on the anatomy of the facial structure, nerves, and muscles?

T

368

You should use moderate-to-heavy pressure when making downward movements on the side of the face?

F

369

You should use tapping movements when transitioning from the underside of the chin to the right cheek.

T

370

Portion of the muscle at the fixed attachment?

Origin

371

Type of massage that uses gentle, rhythmic pressure on the lymphatic system to detoxify and remove waste materials from the body more quickly?

Manual lymph drainage

372

Portion of the muscle at the more movable attachment

Insertion

373

Technique of applying pressure to the feet based on a system of zones and areas on the feet that directly correspond to the anatomy of the body?

Reflexology

374

This keeps the sebum moving forward and out of the follicles?

Dr. Jacquet movement

375

Japanese technique that uses acupressure massage points to relax and balance the body?

Shiatsu

376

Oriental technique of applying pressure to specific points of the body to release muscle tension, restore balance, and stimulate chi?

Acupressure

377

Manual or mechanical manipulation by rubbing, kneading, or other methods that stimulate metabolism and circulations?

Massage

378

Chopping movement performed with the edges of the hands in massage?

Hacking

379

Form of friction in which you grasp the flesh firmly in one hand, and move up and down along the bone while the other hands keeps the arm in a steady position?

Chucking

380

Soft, continuous stroking movement applied with the fingers and palms in a slow and rhythmic manner?

Effleurage

381

Rapid shaking movement in which the technician uses their body, not just fingertips, to create the movement?

Vibration

382

Rubbing movement that involves maintaining pressure on the skin while the fingers or palms are moved over the underlying structures?

Friction

383

Form of friction that involves vigorous movement with the hands placed a small distance apart on both sides of the arm?

Wringing

384

Kneading movements that stimulates the underlying tissues?

Pertrissage

385

Massage movements in which the wrists are kept flexible so that the palms come in contact with the skin in light, firm, and rapid strokes?

Slapping

386

Form of acupressure that may be used in conjunction with effleurage?

Shiatsu

387

Form of friction used on the arms and legs to apply pressure to the tissues?

Rolling

388

Form of massage that consist of fast tapping, patting, and hacking movements?

Tapotement

389

Form of petrissage in which the tissue is grasped, gently lifted, and spread out?

Fulling

390

What is the outermost layer of the hair shaft?

Cuticle

391

What is NOT one of the three main structures of the hair follicle?

Arrector Pili

392

Papilla, root, bulb?

Main structures of the hair follicle

393

During what phase of hair growth should hair be removed for the MOST effective for long-term hair reduction?

Anagen

*ACT; anagen, catagen, telogen, latent

394

What is NOT a method of electrolysis?

Microcurrent

*Galvanic, Thermolysis, Blend are all forms of electrolysis

395

What is the main method of depilation?

Shaving

396

What is NOT a form in which hard waxes are available?

Powders

*Blocks, pellets, disks

397

What is the main disadvantage of soft wax?

Can irritate the skin

398

What should you use to spread a thin coat of wax on a client's leg?

Hard plastic or metal spatula

399

What is an appropriate size for a wax strip for the underarm area?

1-1/2"x5"

400

What is NOT an example of a recent treatment or product use that is a contraindication for waxing?

Antihistamine

401

What should you do when performing wax treatments?

Do a small patch test of the wax product to be used

402

What is the SHORTEST length that you should trim hair before waxing?

1/2"

403

What should you do at the end of a waxing service?

Apply a cold compress with baking soda mixed in water to sensitive skin

404

What should you NOT do when waxing a client's brow?

Pluck stray hairs if the client's brows are uneven or too thin

405

What type of bikini waxing involves the removal of hair outside the normal bikini line?

American

*French is landing strip, Brazilian is all

406

How long do body waxing procedures usually take?

30-60 minutes

407

How long does it take to melt soft wax if the wax holder ia about a quarter to half full?

15 minutes

*Full takes a 30 minutes

408

At what angle should you hold the spatula when applying soft wax?

45 degrees

409

How long should you press your finger to the waxed area immediately after removing the wax?

5 seconds

410

What should you do before applying wax to the client's leg if the skin is dry and flaky?

Apply a tiny amount of lotion

411

All follicles contain hair?

F

412

Follicles extend deep into the dermis?

T

413

As our bodies grow, the follicle density we are born with does not change, but as we age it decreases?

T

414

The matrix is where cell mitosis happens?

T

415

Moderate amounts of sebaceous oil are necessary for healthy skin and hair?

T

416

Two hairs cannot occupy the same follicle?

F

417

Hair becomes easier to remove after it grays?

F

418

Hair and skin are good barometers of an individual's state of health?

T

419

Laser and photo light forms of hair removal are commonly performed in salons and spas?

F

420

Light hair responds better to laser treatments than coarse, dark hair?

F

421

Threading is more sanitary than waxing?

T

422

Threading is mainly used for the legs and arms?

F

423

Sugaring paste can be used over and over on the same client until the hair left in the product interferes with the process?

T

424

Hard wax requires fabric strips for removal?

F

425

You should never double-dip a waxing spatula under any circumstances?

F

426

Spot bleeding after waxing is normal?

T

427

Every client must fill out a release form for the hair removal service you are going to provide?

T

428

Soft wax should be applied in the direction of the hair growth?

T

429

When using hard wax, it is best to have the pull tab end in an area where there is hair underneath?

F

430

You should immediately put your hand over the waxed area after removing hard wax from the client's skin?

T

431

Waxing is recommended for removing hair from the edges of male clients' ears?f

F

432

When removing soft wax, you should pull straight up on the strip?

F

433

It is safe to reuse wax on different clients because heating it kills all microorganisms, rendering it sterile?

F

434

Back waxing generally requires more wax strips due to the hair density?

T

435

It is normal for hives and redness to appear after waxing a client's back?

T

436

Very fine, soft hair such as that which grows on women's cheeks?

Vellus hair

437

Cone-shaped elevation at the base of the follicle?

Hair bulb

438

Scientific study of hair and it's diseases?

Trichology

439

The part of the hair located about the surface of the skin?

Hair shaft

440

Longer, coarser hair found on the head, brows, lashes, genitals, arms, and legs?

Terminal hair

441

Thick, club-shaped structure made from epithelial cells that surround the papilla?

Hair bulb

442

Extremely soft and downy hair on a fetus?

Lanugo

443

This anchors hair to the skin cells and is part of the hair located at the bottom of the follicle below the surface of the skin?

Hair root

444

This contains the hair follicle and it's appendages?

Pilosebaceous unit

445

Mass of epidermal cells forming a small tube or canal?

Hair follicle

446

Process of twisting and rolling cotton thread along the surface of the skin to entwine hair and lift it out of the follicle?

Threading

447

Process that uses intense light to destroy the growth cells of the hair bulb?

Photoepilation

448

Excessive growth of hair where it does not normally grow?

Hypertrichosis

449

Usually a caustic alkali preparation used for temporarily removing superfluous hair?

Depilatory

450

Process of removing hair from the bottom of the follicle by breaking contact between the bulb and the papilla?

Epilation

451

Excessive hair growth on the face, arms, and legs, especially in women?

Hirsutism

452

Final, or resting, stage of hair growth?

Telogen

453

Infected follicles or ingrown hairs from shaving or other hair removal methods, such as waxing?

Barbae folliculitis

454

Ancient method of hair removal that uses a water soluble solution that is easily removed, and is an alternative for clients with sensitive skin who react to waxing?

Sugaring

455

Process of removing hair by means of electricity?

Electrolysis

456

Growth stage during which new hair is produces?

Anagen

457

Process of removing hair at or near the level of the skin?

Depilation

458

Process that destroys the hair by coagulating the papilla through heat?

Thermolysis

459

Transition stage of hair growth?

Catagen

460

Process that produces a quick "flash" of light to shatter the target without allowing heat to build up and burn the surrounding skin?

(IPL) Intense Pulse Light

461

What is an example of an organic substance?

Plastic