Ch. 11 Master's: Advanced Skin Typing Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 11 Master's: Advanced Skin Typing Deck (24):

White; Blond hair and green eyes; Always burns, freckles; English, Scottish.

Fitzpatrick Type I


White; blond hair and green/blue eyes; always burns, freckles, difficult to tan; Northern European (Scandinavian)

Fitzpatrick Type II


White; Blond/brown hair and blue/brown eyes; tans more than average, rarely burns, rarely freckles; German.

Fitzpatrick Type III


Brown; Brown hair and brown eyes; tans more than average, rarely burns, rarely freckles; Mediterranean, Southern European, Hispanic.

Fitzpatrick Type IV


Dark brown; Brown/black hair and brown eyes; tans with ease, rarely burns, no freckles; Asian, Indian, some African.

Fitzpatrick Type V


Black; Black hair and brown/black eyes; tans, never burns, deeply pigmented, never freckles; African.

Fitzpatrick Type VI


Founded in 1998, this system takes into consideration the ethnicity of the skin type. This skin typing system looks into ancestry of the client in combination with his/her Fitzpatrick skin type.

Lancer Scale


Richard Glagau, M.D. developed in the 1990's. The key factors defining a Glogau category may be how wrinkles appear and the presence of photo-aging=visible signs of aging. This scale was originally designed to determine the treatment protocol a physician needed to use to address a visible condition.

Glogau Scale


No wrinkles while client is at rest or moving; early photo-aging; mild pigment changes; no keratosis; minimal to no wrinkles; 20's to 30's or younger; minimal acne scarring can be seen, if present; no make-up or minimal make-up necessary.

Glogau Type I


Wrinkles only in motion, visible when the person is talking, laughing, frowning, and so on; Early to moderate photo-aging; Lentigines, other pigments changes showing; Wrinkles showing; Light keratosis; Nasolabial lines starting to form; ages 30's-40's; minimal make-up.

Glogau Type II


Wrinkles at rest, you see the wrinkles when the person is not moving; Advance photo-aging; Hyperpigmentation; Telangecasia; Keratosis; Wrinkles even when not moving; Ages 40's-50's; Make-up always worn Acne scarring , when present, shows through make-up.

Glogau Type III


Wrinkles are predominant characteristic; you see only wrinkles; severe phot-aging, sallow-ashy skin color; Prior skin cancers; Wrinkles all over; Make-up not worn, sets in cracks; Sever acne scarring.

Glogau Type IV


Dermatologist Mark G. Rubin M.D. developed a slightly different method for determining the level of photo-damage. Looks at the histologic depth of visible skin changes. This method is based on where damage is present in the skin. (Woods lamp helps determine the depth of solar damage.)

Rubin's Scale


Changes in epidermis only; primarily superficial changes, roughness, lentigenes, a dull rashy appearance and increased thickness. (Spa)

Rubin's Level I


Changes in epidermis and papillary dermis. May include all of level I, as well as keratosis, stronger pigmentation values, flat seborrheic keratosis, and an increase in wrinkles. (Medi-Spa)

Rubin's Scale Level II


Changes in epidermis, papillary dermis, and reticular dermis. Most severe level of photo-damage, and skin will be leathery and yellow in color and exhibit open comedones. (Dr. Only)

Rubin's Scale Level III


When women age they loose ________ and have higher ________ balance.

Estrogen; Androgen


Traditional Chinese Medicine. Energy Medicine. Belief that the body is made up of not only matter (solids and fluids) but of energy as well.



The energies of the lungs (yin) to move vital energy throughout the body and large intestines (yang).

Dry, dull, lifeless skin; dry scalp and brittle hair; rashes, eczema.

Lungs: cheeks extended from the jawbone to the ears, on both sides
Large Intestine (extension of the lung area): down the side of the neck, on both sides



Where is the reflex zone for the lungs on the face?

(Upper cheek) gums and teeth (lower cheek)


Most androgen in her system. Tall and broad-shouldered and have small buttocks. With their thicker skin, these clients tend to show the visible signs of aging more slowly.

AY Type


Thicker skin and jaw that is more oval to square. Straighter in the torso with a less defined waist and smaller in the hips and thighs proportionately. A Step above EY in adrogen levels.

AX Type


Dry, dull, lifeless skin; dry scalp and brittle hair; rashes and eczema.

Metal Condition


Simplest form of skin typing. Measuring the amount of pigment in the skin and it's tolerance to the sun. Most importantly this helps you predict the skins response to treatment.

Fitzpatrick Skin Typing