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Flashcards in First Aid Deck (32):
1

What FM covers First Aid?

FM 4-25.11

2

What is self aid?

Emergency treatment one applies to oneself

3

Name some items that you might use for a splint from your military equipment?

Rifle, entrenching tool, tent poles and stakes, web belt, and bayonent

4

what is the quickest way to splint a broken leg?

tie the broken leg securely to the unbroken leg

5

how many pressure points, which can be used to control bleeding with fingers, thumbs, or hands are there on the human body?

11

6

What is the object of first aid?

To stop bleeding; overcome shock; relieve pain; prevent infection

7

What is the unique feature of type "O" blood

it is a universal donor

8

When would you not remove a casualties clothing to expose a wound?

If in a chemical environment or if the clothing is stuck to the wound

9

what soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?

soldiers: not accustomed to the heat, overweight soldiers, prior heat casualties, and already dehydrated (alcohol use, diarrhea, or lack of water)

10

What are the three categories of heat injuries.

heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke

11

What are the signs and symptoms

cramping of the extremities, excessive sweating, adominanal cramps

12

What is the treatment of heat cramps

move casulaty to cool shaded area, loosen or remove clothing, have them slowly drink water, seek medical attention

13

What is the treatment of heat exhaustion

move casulaty to cool shaded area, loosen or remove clothing, have them slowly drink water, elevate imbs, seek medical attention

14

What is the treatment of heat stroke

move casualty to cool shaded area, loosen or remove clothing, spray or pour water on them, massage extremities and skin, elevate limbs, slowly drink water, seek medical attention immediately

15

Two types of fractures

open and closed fractures

16

What are signs of open fracture

bone protruding through skin, bleeding

17

signs of closed fracture

swelling, distortion, deformity, unless body positions

18

What do you do first with an open fracture

stop bleeding

19

how tight should the turniquit be

enough to stop bright red bleeding

20

three types of bleeding

atrial bleeding, venous bleeding, capillary bleeding

21

four common areas for check pulse

wrist, neck, groin, ankle

22

how to treat shock

PELCRN, position casualty on back, elevate the legs, loosen clothing, reassure, notify med personnel

23

How to stop bleeding

apply field dressing, manual pressure, elevate limb, apply pressure dressing, digital pressure, apply turniquet

24

what is cpr

cardiopulmonary receitation

25

When do you stop cpr

person starts breathing on own, physically can't continue, doctor tells you stop, relieved by others

26

rescue breathing

mouth to mouth and mouth to nose

27

what does aids stand for

Acquired Immune deficiency syndrom

28

what is aids

the end stage of hiv infection

29

how long is manual pressure applied for bleeding

5-10 minutes

30

what should you do before leaving a unconscious casulaty

place on side as to not choke on own vomit

31

what does cold stand for

keep it clean, avoid overheating, wear it loose, keep it dry

32

What are the 8 steps in evaluating a casualty

check for: responsiveness, breathing, pulse, bleeding, shock, fractures, burns, possible concussions