Flashcards in SHARP Deck (29):
What is the purpose of SHARP?
The Army's Sexual Harassment/Assault Response and Prevention (SHARP) program exists so the Army can prevent sexual harassment and sexual assaults before they occur
What is the Army's campaign to combat sexual assaults by engaging all soldiers in preventing sexual assaults before they occur?
Intervene, Act, and Motivate (I. A.M. STRONG)
What is the vision of the I. A.M. STRONG campaign?
The vision of the I. A.M. STRONG campaign is to eliminate sexual harassment and sexual assault by creating a culture where soldiers believe that failure to prevent sexual harassment and sexual assault is incompatible with army values and warrior ethos.
How is culture change possible in relation to SHARP?
Culture change is possible when leaders actively engage with their subordinates to ensure everyone is aware of their role in protecting themselves and their fellow soldiers from instances of sexual harassment and sexual assault and the attitudes and behaviors that may lead to such incidents.
Who is responsible for the prevention of sexual harassment?
POSH is a commander's responsibility, however it falls on every soldier and DA civilian to prevent sexual harassment
When should a soldier who is aware of a sexual assault report the incident?
A soldier who is aware of a sexual assault should report the incident immediately (within 24 hours) (AR 600-20, para 7-3b, and para 8-2a.)
What are some verbal examples of sexual harassment?
Making sexual jokes, gestures, remarks, or innuendos.
Making comments about an individual's appearance, body, clothing, or sexual behavior.
Spreading sexual rumors about an individual.
Persistent, unwanted requests for social (dates) or sexual activity.
Participating in sexually charges conversations.
What are some nonverbal examples of sexual harassment?
Making and/or posting inappropriate sexual remarks to, or photos of, an individual via social media sites, text messages, or emails.
Displaying pornographic material or sexual photos in the workplace.
Making a sexual offensive expression.
Conduct of sexual nature intended to embarrass, intimidate, demean, or degrade.
What are some physical examples of sexual harassment?
Intimidation (blocking or cornering someone in a sexual way)
What are soldiers options for dealing with sexual harassment?
Direct approach, indirect approach, third party, chain of command, or file an informal or formal complaint.
What are ways of using direct approach
Confront the harasser and tell him or her that the behavior in inappropriate, violates the army values, is not welcomed, and must stop
What are ways of using indirect approach
Send a letter to the harasser stating the facts, personal feeling about the inappropriate behavior, and expected resolution
What are ways of using Third party approach?
Request assistance from another person. Ask someone to talk to the harasser, accompany the victim, or intervene the conflict.
How would one use the chain of command approach?
Report the behavior to an immediate supervisor or others in the chain of command and ask for assistance in resolving the situation.
What is an informal sexual harassment complaint?
An informal complaint is any complaint that an individual does not wish to file in writing
How can informal sexual harassment complaints be resolved?
Informal complaints may be resolved directly be the complainant or with the help another unit member, the company commander, or another individual in the complainant's chain of command.
Is an informal sexual harassment complaint subject to time suspense?
an informal complaint is not subject to a time suspense.
What is a formal sexual harassment complaint?
A formal complaint is one that a complainant files in writing and swears to the accuracy of the information.
how are formal sexual harassment complaints resolved?
Formal complaints require specification actions, are subject to timelines, and require documentation of the actions taken. The decision to file the formal complaint rests solely with the complainant; however, the complainant must file a formal complaint within 60 calendar days of the alleged incident.
While the processing of sexual harassment complaints through the unit chain of command is strongly encouraged, it is not the only channel available to individuals to resolve complaints. Whom else can soldiers contact?
Someone in a higher echelon of the complainant's chain of command, such as: chaplain, Provost Marshal, Senior Judge Advocate, Inspector General, Medical agency personnel
What is the definition of sexual assault?
Sexual assault is a crime defined as intentional sexual contact characterized by use of force, threats, intimidation, or abuse of authority or when the victim does not or cannot consent.
Name some examples of sexual assault
Rape and non-consensual sodomy.
Preforming sexual acts or sexual contact with an individual who cannot give consent because he/she is sleeping/passed out or otherwise to impaired to consent due to drugs or alcohol.
Sexual contact without permission, which can include fondling and hazing incidents.
Attempting to commit any of these acts.
Where are all unrestricted sexual assault reports referred?
All unrestricted reports must be referred to CID, regardless of severity.
If a victim files an unrestricted sexual assault report, can they change it to a restricted report?
No. Once the victim files an unrestricted report, he or she cannot change it to a restricted report.
Can a victim decline to participate in an investigation or prosecution after filing an unrestricted report?
Yes. IF at any time, a victim declines to participate in an investigation or prosecution, that decision should be honored by commanders, investigators, and all other personnel.
If a victim files a restricted report, what care will they have access to?
The victim will have access to medical treatment, including emergency care, counseling, and assignment of a SARC (sexual assault response coordinator) and VA, without triggering an official investigation or prosecution of the alleged offender.
If a victim files a restricted sexual assault report, what information will the installation commander receive about the case?
The installation commander will receive non-identifying information indication an alleged sexual assault occured.
If a victim files a restricted report, can they change it to an unrestricted report?
Yes. If the victim files a restricted report, he or she can change to an unrestricted report at any time.