First Aid Classic/Relevant Treatments Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in First Aid Classic/Relevant Treatments Deck (91):
1

Absence seizures

Ethosuximide

2

Acute gout attack

NSAIDs, colchicine, glucocorticoids

3

Acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)

All-trans retinoic acid

4

ADHD

Methylphenidate, CBT, atomoxetine

5

Alocholism

Disulfiram, acomprosate, naltrexone, supportive care

6

Alcohol withdrawal

Long-acting benzodiazepines

7

Anorexia

Nutrition, psychotherapy, mirtazapine

8

Anticoagulation during pregnancy

Heparin

9

Arrhythmia in damaged cardiac tissue

Class IB antiarrhythmic (lidocaine, mexiletine)

10

B12 deficiency

Vitamin B12 supplementation (work up cause with Schilling test)

11

Benign prostatic hyperplasia

alpha1-antagonists, 5alpha-reducatase inhibitors, PDE-5 inhibitors

12

Bipolar disorder

Mood stabilizers (lithium, valproic acid, carbamazepine), atypical antipsychotics

13

Breast cancer in postmenopausal woman

Aromatase inhibitor (anastrozole)

14

Buerger disease

Smoking cessation

15

Bulimia nervosa

SSRIs

16

Candida albicans

Topical azoles (vaginitis)

Nystatin, fluconazole, caspofungin (oral/esophageal)

Fluconazole, caspofungin, amphotericin B (systemic)

17

Carcinoid syndrome

Octreotide

18

Chlamydia trachomatis

Doxycycline (+ ceftriaxone for gonorrhea coinfection)

Erythromycin eye drops (prophylaxis in infants)

19

Chronic gout

Xanthine oxidase inhibitors (allopurinol, febuxostat)

20

Chronic Hepatitis B or C

IFN-alpha (HBV and HCV)

Ribavirin, simeprevir, sofosbuvir (HCV)

21

Chronic myelogenous leukemia

Imatinib

22

Clostridium botulinum

Antitoxin

23

Clostridium difficle

Oral metronidazole

If refractory, oral vancomycin

24

Clostridium tetani

Antitoxin

25

CMV

Ganciclovir, fosarnet, cidofovir

26

Crohn disease

Corticosteroids, infliximab, azathioprine

27

Cryptococcus neoformans

Fluconazole (in AIDS patients)

28

Cyclophosphamide-induced hemorrhagic cystitis

Mesna

29

Depression

SSRIs (first line)

30

Diabetes insipidus

Desmopressin (central)

Hydrochlorothiazide, indomethacin, amiloride (nephrogenic)

31

Diabetes mellitus type 1

Dietary intervention (low carb) + insulin replacement

32

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Dietary intervention, oral hypoglycemics, and insulin (if refractory)

33

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Fluids, insulin, K+

34

Enterococci

Vancomycin, aminopenicillins/cephalosporins

35

Erectile dysfunction

Sildenafil, tadalafil, vardenafil

36

ER (+) breast cancer

Tamoxifen

37

Ethylene glycol/methanol intoxication

Fomepizole (alcohol dehydrogenase inhibitor)

38

H. Flu type B

Rifampin (prophylaxis)

39

Generalized anxiety disorder

SSRIs, SNRIs (first line)

Buspirone (second line)

40

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener)

Cyclophosphamide, corticosteroids

41

Heparin reversal

Protamine sulfate

42

HER2/neu (+) Breast cancer

Trastuzumab

43

Hyperaldosteronism

Spironolactone

44

Hypercholesterolemia

Statin (first line)

45

Hypertriglyceridemia

Fibrate

46

Immediate anticoagulation

Heparin

47

Infertility

Leuprolide, GnRH (pulsatile), clomiphene

48

Influenza

Oseltamivir, zanamivir

49

Kawasaki disease

IVIG, high-dose aspirin

50

Legionella pneumophila

Macrolides (azithromycin)

51

Long term anticoagulation

Warfarin, dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban

52

Malaria

Chloroquine, mefloquine, atovaquone/proguanil (for blood schizont), primaquine (for liver hynozoite)

53

Malignant hyperthermia

Dantrolene

54

Medical abortion

Mifepristone

55

Migraine

Abortive therapies (sumatriptan, NSAIDs)

Prophylaxis (propranolol, topiramate, CCBs, amitripyline)

56

Multiple Sclerosis

Disease-modifying therapies (Beta-interferon, natalizumab)

for acute flares use IV steroids

57

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

RIPE (rifampin, isoniazid pyrazinamide, ethambutol)

58

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Ceftriaxone (add doxycycline to cover likely concurrent C.trachomatis)

59

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

Ceftriaxone (add doxycycline to cover likely concurrent C.trachomatis)

60

Neisseria meningitidis

Penicillin/ceftriaxone, rifampin (prophylaxis)

61

Neural tube defect prevention

Prenatal folic acid

62

Osteomalacia/rickets

Vitamin D supplementation

63

Osteoporosis

Calcium/Vitamin D supplementation (prophylaxis)

Bisphosphonates, PTH analogs, SERMs, calcitonin, denosumab (treatment)

64

Patent ductus arteriosus

Close with indomethacin

Open or maintain with PGE analogs

65

Pheochromocytoma

alpha-antagonists (phenoxybenzamine)

66

Pneumocystis jirovecii

TMP-SMX (prophylaxis in AIDS patient)

67

Prolactinoma

Cabergoline/bromocriptine (dopamine agonists)

68

Prostate adenocarcinoma

Flutamide

69

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Antipseudomonal penicillins, aminoglycosides, carbapenems

70

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (idiopathic)

Sildenafil, bosentan, epoprostenol

71

Rickettsia ricketsii

Doxycycline, chloramphenicol

72

Schizophrenia (negative symptoms)

Atypical antipsychotics

73

Schizophrenia (positive symptoms)

Typical and atypical antipsychotics

74

SIADH

Fluid restriction, IV hypertonic saline, conivaptan/tolvaptan, demeclocycline

75

Sickle cell disease

hydroxyurea (raises fetal hemoglobin)

76

Sporothrix schenckii

Itraconazole, oral potassium iodide

77

Stable angina

Sublingual nitroglycerin

78

Staphyloccocus aureus

MSSA: Nafcillin, oxacillin, dicloxacillin (antistaphylococcal penicillins)

MRSA: vancomycin, daptomycin, linezolid, ceftaroline

79

Streptococcus bovis

Penicillin prophylaxis; evaluation for colon cancer if linked to endocarditis

80

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Penicillin/cephalosporin (systemic infection, pneumonia)

Vancomycin (meningitis)

81

Streptococcus pyogenes

Penicillin prophylaxis

82

Temporal arteritis

High-dose steroids

83

Tonic-clonic seizures

Levatiracetam, phenytoin, valproate, carbamazepine

84

Toxoplasma gondii

Sulfadiazine + pyrimethamine

85

Treponema pallidum

Penicillin

86

Trichomonas vaginalis

Metronidazole (patient and partner)

87

Trigeminal neuralgia (tic douloureux)

Carbamazepine

88

Ulcerative colitis

5-ASA preparations (mesalamine), 6-MP, inflixumab, colectomy

89

UTI prophylaxis

TMP-SMX

90

Warfarin reversal

Fresh frozen plasma (acute)

Vitamin K (chronic)

91

Prostate adenocarcinoma/uterine fibroids

Leuprolide, GnRH (continuous)