First Test Flashcards Preview

Theology > First Test > Flashcards

Flashcards in First Test Deck (56)
Loading flashcards...
1

Good habit that increases human power

Virtue

2

"Stuff" for a sacrament

Matter

3

An action that one should just not do and is wrong in principle. Always wrong.

Intrinsic Evil

4

Bad habit that corrupts human power

Vice

5

Position that there's no real difference between right or wrong

Moral relativism

6

Position that the result of an action is the only factor that determines an act as right or wrong

Consequentialism

7

Reality of a sacrament

Validity

8

Lawfulness of a sacrament

Liceity

9

Impact of a sacrament in someone's life

Fruitfulness

10

Validity of the sacrament depends on the promise of Christ, not on the personal morals of those who minister it

Ex Opere Operato

11

Words and actions that must occur for the sacrament to happen

Form

12

Person who leads a sacrament

Minister

13

Herecy that you save yourself by your own works

Pelagianism

14

Matter of baptism

Water

15

Form of baptism

Trinidadian formula

Immersing

16

Minister of baptism

Anyone

17

Matter of confirmation

Chrism

18

Form of confirmation

Church's prayer

Anointing

19

Minister of confirmation

Priest

20

Matter of Eucharist

Bread

Wine

21

Form of Eucharist

Words of Institution

22

Minister of Eucharist

Priest

23

Matter of penance

Contrition

24

Form of penance

Confession

Absolution

Penance

25

Minister of penance

Priest

26

Matter of Anointing of the Sick

Oil of the Infirm

27

Form of the Anointing of the Sick

Church's Anointing

28

Minister of Anointing of the Sick

Priest

29

Matter of Holy Orders

Baptized Man

30

Form of Holy Orders

Church's Prayer

Laying on of hands

31

Minister of Holy Orders

Bishop

32

Matter of matrimony

Consent of the spouses

33

Form of matrimony

Vows

34

Minister of matrimony

A man and woman

35

Cardinal Virtues

Prudence

Justice

Fortitude

Temperance

36

What does each Cardinal virtue perfect

Prudence-practical reason

Justice-relationship

Fortitude-anger

Temperance-desire

37

Theological Virtues

Faith

Hope

Love/Charity

38

What is each Theological Virtue a supernatural perfection of

Faith-intellect

Hope-memory

Love/Charity-will

39

7 deadly sins

Pride
Envy
Sloth
Wrath
Greed
Gluttony
Lust

40

Sins of corruption of intellect

Pride

Envy

41

Sins of corruptions of anger

Wrath

Sloth

42

Sins of corruptions of desire

Greed

Gluttony

Lust

43

Self as center

Pride

44

Inability to rejoice in the good of another

Envy

45

Excessive anger

Wrath

46

Defective anger

Sloth

47

Distorted relationship with money and possessions

Greed

48

Distorted relationship with food

Gluttony

49

Distorted relationship with sexuality

Lust

50

Is good motive enough for an ac itself to be good?

No

51

What is the object of an act

The act itself, aside from motive and result

52

3 instances in which the church teaches infallibility

Papal Ex Cathedrā Statement

Solemn Definition by an Ecumenical Council

The Ordinary and Universal Magisterium

53

Catholic maxim on faith and reason

Faith and reason cannot contradict one another

54

Catholic maxim on grace and nature

Grace perfects nature

55

Catholic maxim between win and goodness of nature

Goodness of nature is wounded by sin, not destroyed

56

Role of the object of an act

If the object of an act is evil, then the act is evil