Flashcards in Fisheries Deck (19)
Fishery Management Plan
Stock assessments are designed to answer what questions?
1. What is the current status of a fish stock relative to established targets?
2. How much can fishermen catch while maintaining a healthy and sustainable fish stock?
3. If a stock is depleted, what measures can be taken to rebuild it to a healthy abundance?
What data must be known to perform a stock assessment?
Catch data (amount removed by fishing)
Abundance data (measure of the number of fish or weight of the stock)
Biology data (growth rates and natural mortality)
To predict the future state of a fish stock, which model is the most used and how does it work?
Integrated Analysis Model. 3 levels of modeling with Population, Observation, and Statistical modeling.
What does FIS stand for?
Fisheries Information System.
What does FIS do?
Improve data collection and integration across regions of the United States.
What does FIN stand for?
Fisheries Information Network.
What is the purpose of FIN?
To collect, manage, and disseminate fisheries information in the Southeast Region (Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean).
What are The National Standards?
Principles that must be followed in any FMP in order for it to be approved.
What does National Standard 1 deal with?
Optimum Yield: Conservation and management measures shall prevent overfishing while achieving, on a continuing basis, the optimum yield from each fishery for the United States fishing industry.
What does National Standard 2 deal with?
Scientific Information: Conservation and management measures shall be based upon the best scientific information available.
What does National Standard 3 deal with?
Management Units: To the extent practicable, an individual stock of fish shall be managed as a unit throughout its range, and interrelated stocks of fish shall be managed as a unit or in close coordination.
What does National Standard 4 deal with?
Allocations: Conservation and management measures shall not discriminate between residents of different states. If it becomes necessary to allocate or assign fishing privileges among various United States fishermen, such allocation shall be (a) fair and equitable to all such fishermen; (b) reasonably calculated to promote conservation; and (c) carried out in such manner that no particular individual, corporation, or other entity acquires an excessive share of such privilege.
What does National Standard 5 deal with?
Efficiency: Conservation and management measures shall, where practicable, consider efficiency in the utilization of fishery resources; except that no such measure shall have economic allocation as its sole purpose.
What does National Standard 6 deal with?
Variations and Contingencies: Conservation and management measures shall take into account and allow for variations among, and contingencies in, fisheries, fishery resources, and catches.
What does National Standard 7 deal with?
Costs and Benefits: Conservation and management measures shall, where practicable, minimize costs and avoid unnecessary duplication.
What does National Standard 8 deal with?
Communities: Conservation and management measures shall, consistent with the conservation requirements of this Act (including the prevention of overfishing and rebuilding of overfished stocks), take into account the importance of fishery resources to fishing communities by utilizing economic and social data that meet the requirement of National Standard 2, in order to (a) provide for the sustained participation of such communities, and (b) to the extent practicable, minimize adverse economic impacts on such communities.
What does National Standard 9 deal with?
Bycatch: Conservation and management measures shall, to the extent practicable, (a) minimize bycatch and (b) to the extent bycatch cannot be avoided, minimize the mortality of such bycatch.