Fluid and Electrolytes Flashcards Preview

Adult 1 Exam 1 > Fluid and Electrolytes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fluid and Electrolytes Deck (12):
1

factors that influence fluids and electrolytes

Age (if greater than 60 (bc of decrease muscle mass) or infant and small child, more at risk); Gender (females less body water than males); Body fat (obese has less body water)

2

Body Fluids:

Water; Electrolytes (Intracellular, Extracellular, Third-Spacing)

3

Regulation of Body Fluids

Diffusion  Osmosis  Filtration Sodium- Potassium Pump

4

osmosis

water moving passively

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diffusion

filltration of high concentration to lowver concentration ex. exchange of O2 and CO2 in lungs

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facillitated diffusion

happens when amino acids and glucose need to get into cell

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Sodium =

135-145 mEq/L

8

Potassium =

3.5 – 5.0 mEq/L

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Calcium =

9.0 – 10.5 mg/dL

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Magnesium =

1.5 – 2.5 mEq/L

11

Phosphorus =

2.5 – 4.5 mg/dL

12

Chloride =

96 – 106 mEq/L