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Flashcards in Fluid and electrolytes Deck (16):
1

Diseases too much aldosterone

Hyperaldosteronism (Conn's)
Cushings

2

Causes fluid volume deficit

paracentesis, thoracentesis, db, vo, hemm,, third spacing (ascite, burns), diarr

3

Sx fluid vol deficit

low BP, high pulse: weak and thready, less turgor, dry mucous membranes, low urine output, low CVP, high urine specific gravity, low weight, small periph and neck veins, cold and clammy skin (vasoconstrict)

4

Hypotonic fluids

0,33NaCl, 1/2NaCl, D2.5W

5

Aldosterone lives in the

Adrenal glands

6

5 causes FVE

1-congestive heart failure
2-renal failure
3-Too much ADH
4-Too much aldosterone
5-IVF with NA, fleets enemas, Alkaseltzer (have a lot of Na)

7

Causes hyperMg

Antacids
kidney failure

8

Treatment hyperMg

ventilator, dialysis, ca gluconate

9

Causes hyperCa

hyperparathyroidism, immobilisation, thiazides

10

Treatment hyperCa

steroids, moving, fleets enema, phosphorus bicarb, high phosphorus diet, calcitonin

11

Treatment hyperNa

Low Na diet
daily weights
IVF
lab work
IE
**feed tubing its are at risk

12

HypoNa causes

sweating and only drinking water, D5W, SIADH, psychogenic polydypsia

13

Sx hypoNa

neuro changes

14

Trx hypoNa

IVF Na

15

Treatment hyperk

Insulin and glucose, Ca gluconate, Kaexalate, dialysis

16

Causes hypoK

NG suction, diuretics, not eating, vo